Cal State Fullerton Criticism of Behaviorism Article Discussion

California State University Fullerton

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I’m trying to learn for my Psychology class and I’m stuck. Can you help?

Attached is the requirements for the paper. Please only use the article Chiesa which I will also attach.

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PSY 629 Thought Paper 3 Please provide a thoughtful answer to the following question. You may use content from your readings and lectures in your answer. Make sure you use appropriate citations for your sources. The paper should make it clear that you understood the reading material, so be sure to spend an ample amount of time on the paper to ensure that your ideas are clear and well written. Question Please synthesize the topic areas covered throughout the semester and address at least 10 of the following common misconceptions of behaviorism. Please address each misconception in a new paragraph. You must address the six bolded misconceptions. You answers should reflect synthesis among these topics: a. fallacies b. ordinary language and scientific language c. hypothetico-deductive tradition and inductive tradition d. the individual and the average e. variability f. theories of learning g. three levels of selection h. mechanistic thinking in psychology i. essentialism and selectionism j. unit of analysis k. traditional philosophy of man and the self versus scientific conception of man and the self l. radical behaviorism’s treatment of private events and the four points of contact m. design of cultures and experimental communities. Misconceptions: 1. It ignores consciousness, feelings, and states of mind. 2. It neglects innate endowment and argues that all behavior is acquired during the lifetime of the individual. 3. It formulates behavior simply as a set of responses to stimuli, thus representing a person as an automaton, robot, puppet, or machine. 4. It does not attempt to account for cognitive processes. 5. It has no place for intention or purpose. 6. It cannot explain creative achievements—in art, for example, or in music, literature, science, or mathematics. 7. It assigns no role to a self or sense of self. 8. It is necessarily superficial and cannot deal with the depths of the mind or personality. 9. It limits itself to the prediction and control of be¬havior and misses the essential nature or being of man. 10. It works with animals, particularly with white rats, but not with people, and its picture of human behavior is therefore confined to those features which human beings share with animals. 11. Its achievements under laboratory control cannot be duplicated in daily life, and what it has to say about human behavior in the world at large is therefore unsupported metascience. 12. It is oversimplified and naive and its facts are either trivial or already well known. 13. It is scientistic rather than scientific. It merely emu¬lates the sciences. 14. Its technological achievements could have come about through the use of common sense. 15. If its contentions are valid, they must apply to the behavioral scientist himself, and what he says is therefore only what he has been conditioned to say and cannot be true. 16. It dehumanizes man; it is reductionistic and destroys man qua man. 17. It is concerned only with general principles and therefore neglects the uniqueness of the individual. 18. It is necessarily antidemocratic because the relation between experimenter and subject is manipulative, and its results can therefore be used by dictators but not by men of good will. 19. It regards abstract ideas such as morality or justice as fictions. 20. It is indifferent to the warmth and richness of human life, and it is incompatible with the creation and enjoyment of art, music, and literature and with love for one's fellow men. PSY 629 Thought Paper 3 Content Guidelines • Your responses must be thoughtful and complete in relation to the requested components of the answer. • Your responses should reflect understanding of the reading materials and lecture, should include a critical analysis of the reading and the lecture and the use of examples when appropriate. Technical Requirements • Maximum of 5 pages of content • Double Spaced • Times New Roman 12pt. font (including on headers and footers) • APA formatted • Include a title page and reference page (not part of the 5-page limit) • Note: You do NOT need an abstract for this assignment • Do NOT provide your answers in bulleted form. You must write your paper in essay form. You may include a header for each question and answer them separately. Stylistic Requirements • Your paper should be free of grammatical and spelling errors. • Your responses should be well organized and flow logically, and you should use effective transitions across your paragraphs. • Note that in addition to the content of your responses, you are being evaluated on your writing style and your ability to effectively communicate your thoughts in written form. Rubric Score Content (10 pts) Technical Requirements (5 pts) Stylistic Requirements (5 pts) 18-20 The paper included thoughtful and complete responses in relation to the requested components of the answer. (8-10 out of 10) Paper followed ALL technical requirements with less than 2 errors. (5 out of 5) Writing is organized, flows well, and there are less than 2 grammatical or spelling errors. (5 out of 5) 11-18 The paper included partially thoughtful and somewhat complete responses in relation to the requested components of the answer. (5-7 out of 10) Paper followed ALL technical requirements with less than 5 errors. (3-4 out of 5) Writing is not organized, does not flow well, and/or there are less than 5 grammatical or spelling errors (3-4 out of 5) 0-10 The paper included responses that were not thoughtful and were incomplete in relation to the requested components of the answer. (0-4 out of 10) Paper included more than 5 errors related to technical requirements. 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Final Answer

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Misconceptions of Behaviorism




It ignores consciousness, feelings, and states of mind.
Consciousness also referred to as awareness of self is a social product (Chiesa, 1994). A
physical world generates both physical stimuli and physical conditions within the body to which
a person responds when a verbal community develops the necessary contingencies. It is worth
noting that a science of subjective experience is independent of a science of behavior (Chiesa,
1994). Behaviorism accepts the existence of mental states, only that emphasizing the existence of
mental states may be another person’s business and not the business of the behaviorist (Chiesa,
It neglects innate endowment and argues that all behavior is acquired during the lifetime of
the individual.
Species differ in the speeds with which they can be conditioned and in the size of the
repertoires they can maintain. While humans can show similar inherited differences, these
differences do not imply differences not differences in the topography or forms of behavior
(Chiesa, 1994). ...

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