Law
South Suburban College Theories of Crime Theater Discussion

South Suburban College

Question Description

I’m working on a Law question and need guidance to help me study.

In a 3-5 paragraph response, students will:

  1. Describe any one behavior, practice, or policy depicted or referred to in the performance
  2. Detail a relevant theory
  3. Explain how this theory explains the behavior by applying it to the situation.

This response will be graded on specificity (avoid vague statements), accuracy of theory description (correct explanation with all important elements), and application (correct application of the theory to the behavior/practice identified), writing conventions, and APA standards for citation, references, and style.

below there is an attachment of a sample paper. And the actual story you will need to read in order to complete the assignment.

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THEATER & THEORY RESPONSE 1 Theater & Theory Response CJ Student Governors State University THEATER & THEORY RESPONSE 2 Theater and Theory Response CROWNS opens with Yolanda mourning her brother, who was recently shot and killed on Brooklyn’s often unforgiving streets. Yolanda is hurt, and she is angry. Her mother fears her daughter may suffer the same fate and sends Yolanda down South to live with her grandmother. There she hopes time away will prevent Yolanda from becoming a statistic While many theories can be applied to CROWNS, such as Social Disorganization, Routine Activities, or Differential Association, I believe Social Bond theory fits CROWNS best. The bulk of the story was not about the past which lead Yolanda down to South Carolina, or what happened after her return to Brooklyn, but what transpired while she was with Grandma Shaw and the Hat Queens. Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory seeks to explain why people choose not to commit crime when they’re naturally inclined to. He posits strong bonds of attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief will keep one in line. Yolanda and Grandma Shaw’s closeness strengthened through the time they spent together, and Yolanda did not want to disappoint her grandma by behaving badly (attachment). Yolanda did not fight those who taunted her at school, instead choosing to stick up for herself without physical altercation, which would have tarnished her image and performance at school (commitment). Grandma Shaw kept Yolanda busy with visits to church and time with the Hat Queens, thus structuring her time and keeping her off the streets (involvement). The final bond, the bond of belief, is described as “embracing the law and other conventional normative standards” (Lilly, et al., 2011, p. 118). Once Yolanda saw herself in a new light, she realized behaving deviantly was not worth it and not becoming of the woman she wanted to be. By sending Yolanda to the South, the mother hoped Grandma Shaw’s influence would pull Yolanda from the path she would inevitably go down had she remained in Brooklyn. THEATER & THEORY RESPONSE Through stories of sorrow, joy, pain, loss, celebration-bonds were formed. Each hat was a story, each story was a bond that tied Yolanda and these women together but also brought Yolanda back to herself. These bonds remained with Yolanda after she returned to Brooklyn, having gained a renewed sense of self along with the responsibility of representing her people as the queens they all are. References CROWNS: A Gospel Musical. By Regina Taylor, directed by Chuck Smith, 17 Nov. 2019, 3 THEATER & THEORY RESPONSE 4 References Ball, R. A., Cullen, F. T., & Lilly, J. R. (2011). Criminological theory context and consequences. SAGE Publications. “The brutal murder of Emmett Till was a tragic moment in American history, but it helped to spur the great civil rights movement. In myths, lies, and misinformation surrounding his cousin’s death. And it is my hope that the book renews our efforts to deal with the nation’s lingering inequities, particularly the hundreds of unsolved murder cases from the civil rights era.” Simeon Wright (left) was born in 1942. A major figure in the documentary The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till, he has been profiled in the Washington Post and has appeared on Tavis Smiley and Court —Rev. Al Sharpton, president of the National Action Network “When I interviewed Simeon Wright for my documentary, it was TV. Herb Boyd (right) has published 18 books, in- clear to me that he had a story to tell beyond what he shared with cluding We Shall Overcome: The History of the Civil me. Unlike any other book on Emmett Till, Simeon’s Story gets Rights Movement as It Happened. He is managing editor of The Black World Today. to the heart of the tragedy and, more importantly, dispels the lies, myths, and distortions that have obscured the truth. Mose Wright, Simeon’s courageous father, wasn’t afraid to speak truth to power during the trial, and it’s good to see that the fruit doesn’t fall too far from the tree.” Jacket design: Joan Sommers Design Jacket front,clockwise from top: Site of Emmett Till’s kidnapping, photo © Ed Clark/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; Emmett Till, author’s collection; Store belonging to murderer Roy Bryant, photo © Ed Clark/ Time Life Pictures/Getty Images; Simeon Wright, author’s collection; Picking cotton, photo by Marion Post Wolcott, Library of Congress, LC-USF33-030629-M3. Author photo: Brent Jones Printed in the United States of America 853_CRP Simeon's Story_jkt.indd 1 Eyewitness Account of the Simeon’s Story AnKidnapping of Emmett Till Simeon’s Story, Simeon Wright corrects and clarifies many of the $19.95 (CAN $21.95) Wrigh t african american history / au tobiogr ap hy N o modern tragedy has had a greater impact on race relations in America than the kid- napping and murder of Emmett Till. A 14-year-old black boy from Chicago visiting relatives in Money, Simeon’s Story Mississippi, in 1955, Till was taken from his uncle’s home before dawn by two white men. Several days later his body, battered beyond recognition, was found in the Tallahatchie River. This grotesque crime became the catalyst for the civil rights movement. It has been more than a half-century since the killers, Roy Bryant and J. W. Milam, were tried and acquitted of the murder, then confessed to it. But there is one eyewitness who has not yet fully told his story. At age 12, Simeon Wright saw and heard his cousin Emmett whistle at Caroline Bryant at a grocery store; he was sleeping in the same bed with An Eyewitness Account of the Kidnapping of Emmett Till him when Emmett was taken away; and he was at the sensational trial. Simeon’s Story tells what it was like to grow up in Mississippi in the 1940s and 1950s; paints a vivid portrait of Moses Wright, Simeon’s father, a preacher who bravely testified against the killers; explains exactly what happened during Emmett’s visit to Mis- —Keith Beauchamp, producer and director of The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till sissippi, clearing up a number of common misperceptions; and shows how the Wright family lived in fear after the trial and endured the years afterward. Simeon’s Story is the gripping coming-of-age $19.95 (CAN $21.95) ISBN 978-1-55652-783-8 memoir of a man who was deeply hurt by the horror of 51995 www.lawrencehillbooks.com Distributed by Independent Publishers Group www.ipgbook.com Simeon Wright his cousin’s murder but, through prayer and hope, has w i t h He r b B o y d come to believe that now it’s time to tell it like it was. 9 781556 527838 10/20/09 5:23 PM Simeon’s Story An Eyewitness Account of the Kidnapping of Emmett Till SIMEON WRIGHT WITH HERB BOYD Simeon's Story_interior.indd 1 10/21/09 9:56:25 AM Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Wright, Simeon, 1942– Simeon’s story : an eyewitness account of the kidnapping of Emmett Till / Simeon Wright ; with Herb Boyd. — 1st ed. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 978-1-55652-783-8 1. Till, Emmett, 1941–1955—Juvenile literature. 2. Mississippi—Race relations—Juvenile literature. 3. Lynching—Mississippi—History— 20th century—Juvenile literature. 4. African Americans—Crimes against—Mississippi—History—20th century—Juvenile literature. 5. African American teenage boys—Mississippi—Biography—Juvenile literature. 6. Racism—Mississippi—History—20th century—Juvenile literature. 7. Trials (Murder)—Mississippi—Juvenile literature. I. Boyd, Herb, 1938– II. Title. E185.93.M6W83 2010 305.8009762—dc22 2009033631 Interior design: Jonathan Hahn All interior images from the author’s collection. © 2010 by Simeon Wright and Herb Boyd All rights reserved First edition Published by Lawrence Hill Books an imprint of Chicago Review Press, Incorporated 814 North Franklin Street Chicago, Illinois 60610 ISBN 978-1-55652-783-8 Printed in the United States of America 5 4 3 2 1 Simeon's Story_interior.indd 2 10/21/09 9:56:26 AM To my dad, Moses Wright. This black man facing racism alone uttered these words when pressured not to take part in the trial of Emmett Till’s murderers: “I know one thing—I know I am going to testify. Whether I’ll live, I don’t know.” Simeon's Story_interior.indd 3 10/21/09 9:56:26 AM Simeon's Story_interior.indd 4 10/21/09 9:56:26 AM Contents Foreword by Herb Boyd ix Acknowledgments xv 1 Life in Mississippi 1 2 My Family 15 3 At Home with Mom and Dad 25 4 The Abduction 41 Simeon's Story_interior.indd 5 10/21/09 9:56:26 AM 5 The Trial 67 6 Fear and Flight 81 7 In Argo 91 8 Reopening the Case and Exhuming the Body 105 9 Bobo on My Mind 115 Epilogue: The Till Bill 123 Appendix: Lies, Myths, and Distortions 129 Index 139 Simeon's Story_interior.indd 6 10/21/09 9:56:26 AM Simeon's Story_interior.indd 7 10/21/09 11:17:20 AM Simeon's Story_interior.indd 8 10/21/09 9:56:28 AM Foreword by Herb Boyd I first met Simeon Wright in 2002, when filmmaker Keith Beauchamp was traveling around the country pre- viewing his documentary The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till. At each place in the New York area where the film was screened—New York University, the United Nations, and the Film Forum—Simeon, and sometimes his wife, Annie, helped Keith promote his film about the tragic death of Simeon’s cousin. During one of those visits, Simeon and I talked exten- sively about the incident and how it had affected him over the years, and especially now that the film was getting such good notices. Simeon confessed to me that without Keith’s persistence he never would have been part of the project, ix Simeon's Story_interior.indd 9 10/21/09 9:56:28 AM  Foreword since he holds bitter memories about other attempts to capture his cousin’s story. So many lies, distortions, and inaccuracies about Till’s death had accumulated over the years that Simeon had become increasingly upset and had begged off when writers, reporters, and filmmakers tried to involve him in recounting what had happened that fateful morning years ago. Even I was beginning to sense that I was annoying him with my questions during my interviews with him after the screenings, but I was mistaken—he assured me that Keith had done a good job and he felt a bit more willing to talk about the murder and the cousin he called Bobo. “What about telling your own version of what happened and not be part of somebody else’s project?” I asked him. “Well, I’ll have to think about it,” he said, and his old reluctance to reveal his innermost feelings crept into our conversation. Several weeks, if not months, went by, and I hadn’t heard from Simeon, when Keith said that he wanted to speak to me. They had been together at one of the events in Mississippi in honor of Till when Simeon expressed a desire to talk to me. I called him immediately, and he said—thanks to his wife’s badgering—he was ready to write his autobiography. Annie, my coconspirator, had quietly talked to me about a possible book on Simeon’s life, but I had seen those moments Simeon's Story_interior.indd 10 10/21/09 9:56:28 AM Foreword xi as merely fun and games between us, nothing resembling a secret attempt to get him to commit. Anyway, her cajoling and pleading finally pushed Simeon to the point where he was ready to put his memories down on paper. It was time to set the record straight, he said. When we finally got down to business, I had just com- pleted a book on the civil rights movement with Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, and so the Emmett Till case was fresh on my mind again. I was a teenager when Till was brutally murdered in Mississippi, only two years older than he was, and it was hard for me even to look at his battered face that appeared in photos circulated by my mother’s friends and neighbors. All I can remember of those days is that my mother seemed to be grateful that she had found the means and wherewithal to spirit my brother and me out of the South. Not having daily contact with the white world, my friends and I in the ghettos of Detroit were stunned to learn that Till had been killed for merely whistling at a white woman. It gave us pause, but we felt secure, since we were assured that something like that could never happen in the North, and especially not in Detroit. Working with Simeon and listening to him recall his childhood in Mississippi and his youth near Chicago reminded me of my early years. I was born in Birmingham, Alabama, but spent the first years of my life outside Tuskegee Simeon's Story_interior.indd 11 10/21/09 9:56:28 AM xii Foreword in a tiny enclave called Cotton Valley. Simeon left the South when he was twelve; my mother got us out of Dixie when I was four. So his memories of the South are much sharper than any I can conjure. This is Simeon’s story, and it is one I believe he could have written without me. But I like to think that my coaxing, goading, and pushing him deeper into his memories played at least a small part in getting the book completed. As many of us know, memory is not the most reliable of our faculties. Part of my responsibility was to help him pinpoint certain moments and to put them in historical and political context. I was aware of Simeon’s concern that the book be his and not the ruminations of a ghostwriter seeking a way to tell his own story. Occasionally I have imposed my ideas on Simeon, but only in those instances where a little more backstory, sta- tistics, or additional research enriches a passage. Otherwise, this is Simeon’s story, his narrative, and I think he’s done a marvelous job exhuming thoughts and events that must have been painful to relive. Sure he had talked about those episodes, both publicly and privately, but now he had to put things down on paper, which is never an easy task. Even so, Simeon is a storyteller of the highest order, and it has been a pleasure journeying with him back over the years and, in a literary manner, meeting those friends and relatives whom I now count among my extended family. I Simeon's Story_interior.indd 12 10/21/09 9:56:29 AM Foreword xiii came to really know Bobo and the world that shaped him and Simeon. To a great extent that world hasn’t changed that much, though I leave that judgment to you after you’ve read Simeon’s story. Simeon saw his cousin taken from his family, never to return. His story should have a special resonance for readers both young and old. As he looks back on this tragic moment in his childhood, we hope that you can identify with the trauma he experienced and understand why what happened years ago in Mississippi is still an important chapter in our nation’s history. Simeon's Story_interior.indd 13 10/21/09 9:56:29 AM Simeon's Story_interior.indd 14 10/21/09 9:56:29 AM Acknowledgments Thanks to my wife, who suggested that I write a book about Emmett to set the record straight about his kidnapping and murder. She constantly reminded me about the importance of having an eyewitness account of what happened on the fateful nights of August 24 and 28, 1955. I am thankful for her persistence and tenacity. Without her encouragement I probably would be still procrastinating. Annie, thank you for your love and support. Thanks to Keith Beauchamp, a young filmmaker who insisted that it was essential I tell the story of Emmett Till for the sake of the truth. He said that in his research of the case he found many inaccuracies. But what amazed him is what he did not find. Those he talked to had never sat down xv Simeon's Story_interior.indd 15 10/21/09 9:56:29 AM xvi Acknowledgments and talked with those who were involved in the story—the eyewitnesses. He did not find any writings based on testi- mony from the primary sources. His constant word to me was, “Mr. Wright, only you can tell what happened at the store and what happened in the bedroom. Secondary sources cannot tell your story.” He pointed out to me that people are not interested in information about Emmett; they want the truth about Emmett. Keith said, “You have the truth; no one can tell it like you can tell it.” Thanks, Keith, for saying to me, “You must write the book about Emmett.” Thanks to Sojourn to the Past, a living black history class of high school juniors and seniors who were moved by the Till story. Their passion and hunger for the truth about Emmett Till moved me to promise them that I would write this book. These children literally pulled the story out of me. Sojourn, starting with the classes of 2006–2009, thank you for your love and encouragement. You have been a great inspiration to me. Lastly, thanks to my nephew Wheeler Parker Jr. Wheeler is a credible and reliable witness to the awful events that took place at my home and at Bryant’s store. His testimony has been the same whether he was with me or speaking alone. Never have I had to question his account of the Emmett Till case. Simeon's Story_interior.indd 16 10/21/09 9:56:30 AM 1 Life in Mississippi Mississippi in the 1950s, when I was coming of age, was just like Mississippi in the 1860s, when the Ku Klux Klan and night riders were part of our daily lives. I was born October 15, 1942, in Doddsville, in Sunflower County, where Daddy was working at the time. I grew up in a Jim Crow society, where everything was segregated. Jim Crow is just a shorthand way of saying that we had separate schools, water fountains, cafes, churches, and restaurants. The cemeteries were segregated—it was even against the law for black and white dead people to be together. Our contact with white people was limited. And when there was contact, it was initiated by whites. I recall one instance when a white plantation owner, Mr. Peterson, came to our home and asked if I could spend  Simeon's Story_interior.indd 1 10/21/09 9:56:30 AM  Simeon’s Story the day swimming with his son, Tommy. I was allowed to go only after I finished my chores. It was the last day of chopping cotton, and I was the last one in the field. Swimming with Tommy was great fun, but I felt a little uneasy swimming without any clothes on before white people. When swimming with my brothers, we always found a Me at about six years old. secluded spot. In the back of my mind, I kept wondering what the white folks were thinking as Tommy and I made all of that noise while they were fishing. Tommy could come by whenever he wanted, but I was never allowed to meet with him on my own initiative. I was never allowed inside his home. The same kind of restrictions existed when the sons of the “straw bosses” (supervisors who often substituted for the real bosses) came to play with us. They always came to visit me; I never went to visit them. We children were kept separated until they needed us. Once, my mother told me that when Tommy became a man, I would have to call him mister. But he would never have to call me that. We were the same age, and I made up Simeon's Story_interior.indd 2 10/21/09 9:56:36 AM Life in Mississippi  my mind then and there that I would never call him mister. This was one of my first real reactions to Jim Crow. But over the next few years, I had to learn the other unwritten laws of the South that my mother and father knew very well. My sister Hallie had become real good friends with a white woman, and one day she took Hallie with her to Greenwood, the nearest large town. They were in town shopping and having a good time when the white woman decided she wanted some ice cream. She asked Hallie if she wanted some too. Hallie said yes, but the clerk behind the counter refused to sell the white woman any ice cream for Hallie. He was willing to sell it only if it was for her. They walked out of the store together ...
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Final Answer

here we go hun

Running head; THEORIES OF CRIME

1

THEORIES OF CRIME
Name
Affiliate institution
Date

THEORIES OF CRIME

2
Theories of crime response

Simeon wrote about his story, and his family lives in Mississippi, where racism was a
serious issue. The black people had no rights, and the whites took advantage of them. Simeon
and his family were among the few black people living at Mississippi by then while working at
cotton farms to earn a living. Simeon opened up about the death of his close cousin, who was
abducted and later found dead and thrown into a river because of whistling at a white woman.
The theory of crime that fits Simeon’s encounter is the social environment theory. A
significant length of the story is about the racism that was fatal at Mississippi. The social,
environmental theory seeks to explain crimes whose influence and the cause is from the person’s
environment (Gottfredson, 2017). The situation in which a person stays contributes to the
attributes of committing certain criminal activities (Hirschi, 2017). The black people living in
Mississippi could not vote or add to anything in the country. The white people could murder the
black people anyhow and walk free without trials...

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