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College of the Canyons Persuasive Speech on Procrastination Essay

College of the Canyons

Question Description

I’m working on a Communications exercise and need support.

I need a persuasive speech written about procrastination. It needs to have 7 credible sources and at least one or two stories. It needs to be audience centered and at least 6-8 minutes long and follow the checklist given. Follow the outline format perfectly and i also attached a short sample persuasive speech the professor gave us. Big tip if done a great job!

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Persuasive Outline and Speech Checklist Print out two copies for class and make sure you print it in Portrait (not landscape) so it prints out on 1 page instead of 2 Structure Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Follow the outline format document on canvas or syllabus Proper Symbols (I. A. 1. a.) Margins/Indentations Labeled Introduction (Attention Getter, topic, cred, preview) and conclusion (Review of Main points, topic, plan of action) Full Sentence Transitions between Main Points Clear signposts in your introduction's Thesis/Preview of main points (first, second, last, third, next) Each main point starts with a sentence breaking down the supporting points A & B. (internal preview) Triangulation (if there is a 1 then you need a 2 or if you have an A then you need a B etc.) Balance of weight and time for each main point Citations Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Each MP has a credible source There are a minimum of 7 credible sources cited in outline and they match your reference list Correctly cite sources by writing the source out with author/source/date Only use last name of author when reusing source You paraphrase WAY more than you direct quote. Approximately a 3:1 ratio Lumps of information are cited before hand and have a sentence letting us know that the following several facts are coming from that source. APA reference list is in alphabetic order and matches the sources used in the outine (no extra sources magically appear right?) Persuasive Components Y/N Y/N Topic Relates to Audience repetition is built in to reduce information overload Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N Y/N you use anecdotes whether personal (max 1) or from sources (use as many as you can) startling facts are used Follow one of the 2 mandatory ORG patterns: Problem, Cause, Solution or Cause, Effect, Solution you define any technical jargon Clear plan of action asking for a specific change in behavior The plan of action should benefit the audience if they decide to change (End conclusion with summary of Plan of action as memmorable ending) 6-8 minutes long Name on Outline: Corrected by: Print out two copies for class and make sure you print it in Portrait (not landscape) so it prints out on 1 page instead of 2 Outline Format SAMPLE OUTLINE Title: Specific Purpose: ​(states what the speaker wants to achieve) Preview of Main Points: ​(Purpose and preview of main points as they appear in the body) Introduction (Attention Getter) (Link) Tie your attention getter to the central idea (Central Idea (Introduce topic and relate it to your audience)) (Establish credibility (Personal experience or qualifying statement)) (Preview of Main points with signposts) Use signpost (not a full sentence) Body I. Internal preview or your supporting points to come (A, B, and possibly more) A. Supporting point 1. Sub-supporting point (optional) 2. Sub-supporting point (optional) B. Supporting point 1. Sub-supporting point (optional) a. Sub-sub-supporting point (optional) b. Sub-sub-supporting point (optional) 2. Sub-supporting point (optional) (Full Sentence Transition) Review MPI and preview MPII II. Internal preview or your supporting points to come (A, B, and possibly more) A. Supporting point 1. Sub-supporting point (optional) 2. Sub-supporting point (optional) B. Supporting point 1. Sub-supporting point (optional) a. Sub-sub-supporting point (optional) b. Sub-sub-supporting point (optional) 2. Sub-supporting point (optional) (Full Sentence Transition) Review MPII and preview MPIII III. Internal preview or your supporting points to come (A, B, and possibly more) A. Supporting point 1. Sub-supporting point (optional) 2. Sub-supporting point (optional) B. Supporting point 1. Sub-supporting point (optional) a. Sub-sub-supporting point (optional) b. Sub-sub-supporting point (optional) Name: Class: Date: 2. Sub-supporting point (optional) Signpost (We have discussed, gone over, examined etc…) not a full sentence. Conclusion (Review each main point) (Summarize overall theme) (Conclude with a memorable and creative thought by challenging your audience) References (this should be on the last page (separate page) of your outline in APA style, and it should be called References with sources in Alphabetical order) *use,,, or proquest to help you Name: Date: Class: Persuasive Outline Title: ​Addiction and Creativity Specific Purpose: ​To persuade the audience that unhealthy coping mechanisms lead to addiction and they need to take up a creative activity when they need to cope with their stress. Preview of Main Points:​ At the end of my speech, the audience will be informed of the problem of addiction, how it is caused by unhealthy coping mechanisms, and what they can do to cope with the stress that causes addictions. Introduction (Attention Getter) ​When I was growing up, my aunt would watch my sister and me while my parents worked. My aunt was addicted to smoking, and would oftentimes have to take breaks from playing with us to go outside and smoke a cigarette. I never understood what smoking meant, why she did it, or why it was so hard for her to quit her habit. I later found out that it was often times a source of great stress for her. She felt like she was in a way disappointing and distancing herself from us, her nieces. (Link) ​My aunt turned to smoking to cope with the challenges in her life and in doing so created her biggest challenge. (Central Idea (Introduce topic and relate it to your audience)) ​According to Chuan-Yun & Liping in ​Computational Biology 2008, addiction has become one of the most serious problems in the world.​ ​It has unfortunately touched my life in different ways, and it is likely that this global epidemic is caused from unhealthy coping mechanisms. (Establish credibility (Personal experience or qualifying statement)) ​American Addiction Centers 2019 explains, “Coping mechanisms are compulsions, or habits formed over time, that serve to help a person manage with particular situations or stress levels. Not all coping mechanisms are maladaptive or destructive; however, addiction is both”. (Preview of Main points with signposts)​ I am going to talk to you today ​first​ about the ​problem​ of addiction, ​second​ about how it is ​caused​ by unhealthy methods of coping, and ​lastly​ a ​solution​ so we can prevent its onset in our lives. (Transition) First, we’ll discuss how… Body I. The problem of addiction includes the two different types of addictions, their serious effects, and the fact that college students may be more susceptible. A. Giodrano & colleagues write in the ​Journal of Counseling and Personal Development in ​2017that addiction can be explained by continued use despite negative consequences, and a loss of control which can encompass behavioral addictions as well as drug addictions. B. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse in 2014, addiction is accompanied by many ill health effects. 1. Addiction often co-exists with chronic physical illness like cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke, and more. 2. Addiction also co-exists with mental disorders. a. Sometimes mental disorders precede addictions as in the case of depression. b. Other times addictions can trigger or even worsen mental disorders like in the case of schizophrenia. C. According to Kurt in ​Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice ​2015, addiction in college students leads to increased risks of suicidal behaviors. 1. Kurt continues that the combination of unhealthy sleeping habits, drug and alcohol use and experimentation, combined with academic and social stress can lead to an increased risk of a deteriorating mental health. 2. Additionally he writes that suicide rates are increasing gradually among college students which makes prevention even more important. (Transition) Now that we have discussed the addiction crisis, we’re going to talk about how addiction is caused due to unhealthy coping mechanisms for stress. II. People cope with stress in different ways, and addiction may form from these methods. A. Asha and Singh 2017 in the ​Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing ​write that there are two different strategies for coping with stress. 1. Problem focused coping is a strategy in which a person attempts to fix what makes them stressed by actively working to resolve the problem. a. This can be helpful when you can do something about the problem. b. This can cause more stress when you can’t do anything about it. 2. Emotion focused coping is a strategy in which a person tries to reduce the negative emotions from their stress. a. This can be helpful when there’s nothing you can do about the problem. b. This can be detrimental when you can do something to stop the problem. B. Elements of Behavior Health in 2014 write that the inability to cope with significant amounts of stress can lead to drug addiction. 1. Orford and colleagues write in Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy 2015 that different people cope in different ways, some of which may be better or worse for your health. 2. Sinha in ​Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2​ 008 writes that drug use and abuse is a coping strategy used by many to deal with stress and reduce tension in their lives. a. Learning that a behavior or substance will reduce one’s tension makes a person more likely to continue. b. Continual use leads to dependence, or the need of a drug to physiologically function. (Transition) Now that we have discussed the problem of addiction, and how it is caused by unhealthy coping mechanisms, we’re lastly going to discuss how creativity in the face of stress can help alleviate the problem. III. Dealing with stressful situations by engaging in creative expression can help the individual and open them up to more benefits. A. Nicol & Long in Creativity Research Journal 1996 write that creative expression is already a natural coping strategy to stress and can be used to enhance coping strategies in general. 1. Anxieties can be vented through coping with creativity. 2. Instead of opting for scrolling through Instagram when you want to avoid your homework, put down your phone and try listening to music and dancing around, writing a page about what stresses you out, or drawing a picture (even if you’re bad at it). Understand that addiction is created from unhealthy coping mechanisms, and if you want to arm yourself against their ill effects, you need to find positive ways to transform your stress. 3. From personal experience, I know that creating something helps alleviate my pain and frustrations. Especially with things I cannot already control. B. Stuckey & Nobel in the American Journal of Public Health in 2010 continue that using creative outlets can not only alleviate stress, but reduce the burden of chronic disease in general, and may have more benefits. 1. Corry & colleagues in the Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health in 2014 additionally say that creative expression in music, woodworking, cooking, painting, gardening, etc. gives people a new perspective on their problems and transforms the negative emotions into positive ones like joy and love. 2. Additionally Corry & colleagues write that everyone has some form of creative potential they can grow. 3. Starting school at COC when I knew I was supposed to go to a four year university, put me into a period of extreme stress and dissatisfaction with my life. Instead of dwelling on my misfortune I used the situation to create a story inspired by my problems, and not only prevailed, but cultivated a new talent and learned a different perspective. Signpost: We have examined… Conclusion (Review each main point) ​The problem of addiction, how it’s caused due to unhealthy coping mechanisms, and how we can arm ourselves against addiction and the problems it co-exists with by engaging in creative activities to destress. (Summarize overall theme) ​Addiction is not a problem that can be easily fixed through wishful thinking and positive psychology, but we can work on making sure we and our love ones find ways to prevent the onset before the problem begins. We need to actively work to remember that sometimes it is not enough to just ignore your problems, and alleviate the negative emotions. We need to work to use the frustration to create and grow whether it be through drawing a picture, dancing around, or even writing a mini musical about your college experience. (Restate plan of action) ​So try next time you’re running out of time to complete an assignment or worried about writing a concluding sentence try opening yourself up to a healthy creative outlet. After, of course, you complete those tasks. References Addiction and Health. (2014, July). Retrieved January 31, 2018, from on-health Asha, & Singh, D. (2017). Clinical personality patterns in HIV patients adopting problem focused and emotional focused ways of coping. Indian Journal Of Health & Wellbeing, 8(2), 148-151. Chuan-Yun, L., Xizeng, M., & Liping, W. (2008). Genes and (Common) Pathways Underlying Drug Addiction. Plos Computational Biology, 4(1), e2. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.0040002 Corry, D. S., Lewis, C. A., & Mallett, J. (2014). Harnessing the Mental Health Benefits of the Creativity–Spirituality Construct: Introducing the Theory of Transformative Coping. Journal Of Spirituality In Mental Health, 16(2), 89-110. doi:10.1080/19349637.2014.896854 Giordano, A. L., Cashwell, C. S., Lankford, C., King, K., & Henson, R. K. (2017). Collegiate Sexual Addiction: Exploring Religious Coping and Attachment. ​Journal Of Counseling & Development,​ ​95(​ 2), 135-144. doi:10.1002/jcad.12126 Kurt, D. G. (2015). Suicide Risk in College Students: The Effects of Internet Addiction and Drug Use. ​Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice,​ ​15(​ 4), 841-848. doi:10.12738/estp.2015.4.2639 Nicol, J. J., & Long, B. C. (1996). Creativity and Perceived Stress of Female Music Therapists and Hobbyists. Creativity Research Journal, 9(1), 1. Orford, J., Copello, A., Velleman, R., & Templeton, L. (2010). Family members affected by a close relative's addiction: The stress-strain-coping-support model. Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy, 1736-43. doi:10.3109/09687637.2010.514801 Sinha, R. (2008). Chronic Stress, Drug Use, and Vulnerability to Addiction. ​Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences​,1141(1), 105-130. doi:10.1196/annals.1441.030 Staff, E. B. (n.d.). Addiction as a Coping Mechanism and Healthy Alternatives. Retrieved from Stuckey, H. L., & Nobel, J. (2010). The Connection Between Art, Healing, and Public Health: A Review of Current Literature. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 254–263. The Insidious Connection Between Substance Abuse and Stress. (2014, May 08). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from ubstance-abuse-and-stress/ ...
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Final Answer

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Student’s Name
Persuasive Speech
Title: Procrastination
Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience that setting boundaries is an effective way of
beating procrastination.
Preview of Main Points: The audience will be informed of procrastination and its dangers, how
these dangers affect productivity, and how accountability, rules, and boundaries can help stop
(Introduction) “Where there is a hill to climb, I do not think that waiting will make it much
smaller.” These famous words were spoken by Harriet Jackson Brown, a renowned American
author. I can confess that I am the biggest procrastinator, I know. I have blamed this fact on
several things, including my genes, my star sign, and crazy enough, my gender. My parents call
procrastination “hemming and hawing,” and I am always guilty of never taking action when I
need to complete a task. However, I have slowly learned that no matter how much I procrastinate
doing a specific job, it will not go away, and nor will it become any easier to complete.
Procrastination has cost me a lot of money in recent times, but my dog’s change in eating habits
was the cherry on the cake. Last Spring, my dog, Bruno, was visibly losing weight. I hardly
noticed this at first. However, one afternoon as I was petting him, I noticed that he felt a little
bony. I should have called the vet immediately, but I instead waited a few more days just to see
if he would start eating again. Three days later, I was taking my emaciated dog to the vet’s
office. The vet broke the news that without surgery, it was likely that Bruno would not recover. I
was devastated. I spent close to $800 on treatments, but a wonderful stroke of luck saw my dog
make a full recovery. The whole process could have been avoided if I had just taken Bruno to the
vet as soon as I noticed his drop in weight.
(Link) I always procrastinate, hoping the task or issue at hand will solve itself or will somehow
just become more manageable.
(Central Idea...

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University of Maryland

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