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FIR 4315 CSU Fire and Explosive Investigation Techniques NFPA Standard Process Essay

FIR 4315

Columbia Southern University

Question Description

I need help with a Law question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

How can you utilize the information from this unit in your daily life as an investigator, or if not currently doing investigations, how do you plan on utilizing this information to further your career? Additionally, how do you think the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard process could be improved?

Your journal entry must be at least 200 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.

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UNIT I STUDY GUIDE Fire Investigation: Process and Analysis Using the Scientific Method Course Learning Outcomes for Unit I Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 1. Analyze the use of the scientific method for investigations. 1.1 Determine how the scientific method improves the investigation process. 5. Analyze the steps associated with conducting a fire investigation. 5.1 Explain how the steps of investigation apply in daily work. Course/Unit Learning Outcomes 1.1 5.1 Learning Activity Unit Lesson Chapter 1, pp. 2–10 Chapter 2, pp. 12–19 Article: “NFPA 921 Overview” Unit I Essay Unit Lesson Chapter 1, pp. 2–10 Chapter 2, pp. 12–19 Article: “NFPA 921 Overview” Unit I Essay Required Unit Resources Chapter 1: Administration, pp. 2–10 Chapter 2: Fire Methodology, pp. 12–19 In order to access the following resource, click the link below. Smith, D. W. (2008). NFPA 921 overview. NFPA Journal, 102(3), 84–85. Retrieved from https://searchproquest-com.libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/docview/216410057?accountid=33337 Unit Lesson Introduction Welcome to Unit I. The purpose of this course is to familiarize you with the standards known as National Fire Protection Association’s NFPA 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigation and NFPA 1033 Standard for Professional Qualifications for Fire Investigator that describe the scope of practice of the fire investigator technician. We will visit the purpose of NFPA 921 as it relates to fire and explosive investigations. We will expand our knowledge about another standard referred to as NFPA 1033 that will describe the professional qualifications of the fire investigator. Both of these NFPA standards are used throughout the fire service in developing course curriculums and as a standard for investigating and determining the cause and origin of a fire. The end user of the standards must understand that the documents do not carry any power of law— unless adopted by the local jurisdiction or state authorities, such as the state fire marshal. The two investigation standards that help you to not only understand what is expected in a fire investigation but also what the basic requirements to be a certified investigator are NFPA 921 and 1033. Each standard FIR 4315, Fire Investigation Technician 1 clearly outlines that fire investigators are responsible to attend continuing education stay up-toUNIT xcourses STUDYand GUIDE date with the best practices of fire investigations based on science and court cases. Title The concepts that were utilized for the development of NFPA 921, Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations cannot be taken lightly. Understanding the various pieces of the NFPA standard and how they apply in different situations allows you to be more prepared to conduct a proper investigation. The standard or guide helps the investigator to understand why it is important to make sure that the investigation is based on science and not on the belief of the investigator (Smith, 2008). Focusing on the entire fire scene, moving in a methodical way as the fire scene is investigated, and following the scientific method throughout that review will help to prepare you to conduct an investigation in a manner that is consistent and follows current law. If there is a change in the findings of science, then all fire investigators are responsible for bringing those new findings into play for future investigations (Laurin, 2015). Presenting the information that is found in a simple understandable way is the focus of this standard. NFPA 921 outlines how to frame the investigation, but the scientific method should always be used by the investigator. The most important point when referencing NFPA 921 is to understand that it has become the guide for fire and explosion investigation not only for the scientific community but also for the legal system, which references it on many occasions. NFPA 921 focuses on how to conduct an investigation based on what is being investigated. The other standard that will be discussed at length in this course is NFPA 1033 Standard for Professional Qualifications for Fire Investigator. NFPA 1033 covers the qualifications of the fire investigator as well as the minimum level of performance for the fire investigator. NFPA 1033 is a standard that was put in place to make sure that all fire investigators, public and private, meet the same minimum job performance requirements no matter where they work in the world. The standard not only requires the fire investigator to have the minimum job performance requirements but to have a complete understanding of the fire investigation process including the science behind the investigation. Additionally, NFPA 1033 requires that the fire investigator attend workshops and seminars as part of continued education. This ensures that the fire investigator maintains a level of understanding related to current practices and how these practices apply to the investigations that will be conducted. The most difficult piece that will be encountered by someone trying to obtain or maintain his or her fire investigator certification is staying up to date on the 16 topics of basic knowledge discussed in NFPA 1033 and maintaining that knowledge throughout the time that the investigator is certified. Thermometry is the practice of measuring temperature. It is important to understand how temperature affects different materials and how those materials are impacted by how they burn during a fire incident. That is a quick overview of NFPA 1033; the question now is how does this standard development process happen. Standard Development Process Standard development, in reference to the NFPA standards, is a process that is led by several groups of volunteers. The group of volunteers works through a consensus process that allows all members to have input and does not require everyone to agree on everything. There are over 200 technical committees that are continuously working on updates to the various NFPA codes that are in existence (International Association of Fire Chiefs [IAFC], International Association of Arson Investigators [IAAI], & National Fire Protection Association [NFPA], 2019). In addition, the standard process is never ending with new standards being developed as the need surfaces. The most current example of this is the NFPA 3000 Standard for an Active Shooter/Hostile Event Response Program, which was developed in 2018. These Technical Committees are appointed and governed by the standards council (IAFC et al., 2019). The process of developing a standard will take approximately two years, and they are updated every three to five years depending on which cycle they are scheduled for when written. The NFPA 921 standard is on a three-year cycle, and NFPA 1033 is on a five-year cycle, each being developed by the assigned committee. FIR 4315, Fire Investigation Technician 2 The standards begin with the input stage where the public is allowed to give input on the standard and the Technical Committee begins to work on the revision of the standard. This is when the first draft of the standard is developed and approved through consensus by the Technical Committee. The next step is to allow public comments on the draft that was developed by the Technical Committee, and the committee considers these comments. This process leads to the second draft being completed and sent to the next step, which is the NFPA Technical Meeting. Once this draft is approved by consensus, it is posted and the committee hears any appeals and decides whether to issue the revised standard or to take any other action (IAFC et al., 2019). UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title Scientific Method The use of the scientific method in fire investigations is a practice that all investigators need to have mastered prior to conducting investigations. It involves looking at a fire scene and applying the six-step systematic approach (See graphic) discussed in NFPA 921 to analyze the cause and origin of that particular fire. When thinking about the scientific method, as it relates to fire investigation, consider the description from the NFPA 921 standard. The standard discusses recognizing the problem; formulating a possible solution; gathering information; observing the scene; analyzing the information; forming, evaluating, and testing the possible solution (hypothesis); and recognizing when the investigator is able to prove or disprove the hypothesis (IAFC et al., 2019). The scientific method, when referring to fire investigation, is a systematic process that has been accepted by most courts as the proper way to conduct the cause and origin investigation of a fire. When the approach that fire investigators have taken when looking at the scientific method is brought into court, investigators should be ready to not only discuss their use of the scientific method but also how they applied each step of the process to the investigation based on the system that the investigators have developed through repetition. For example, an investigator may always look at the utilities last once the investigation of the building is completed. The scientific process that fire investigators follow is based on the NFPA 921 Standard and is used by most investigators today. Fire investigators could find themselves in court, describing their findings from a fire investigation when arson is suspected. The investigator may have to defend the method of investigation to a defense attorney and to a jury. A significant effort must be made to not just discuss the steps of the investigation that followed the scientific method, but the fire investigator must be able to explain how the origin and cause of a fire applied to each of the steps in the scientific method (IAFC et al., 2019). FIR 4315, Fire Investigation Technician 3 Conclusion UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title This unit is the introduction to the fire investigation realm that you have chosen to learn. Through this information, you will begin to develop a basic understanding of why and how certain things are done when conducting a fire investigation. As this course progresses, you will begin to follow a process for applying the basic methods of fire investigation. During work on the assignments, you will begin to experience the basics of the fire investigation process, increasing your investigative knowledge and utilizing tools that will lead you to be a better fire investigator. This is the foundation for the next unit where the work to determine cause and origin will be discussed. References International Association of Fire Chiefs, International Association of Arson Investigators, & National Fire Protection Association. (2019). Fire investigator: Principles and practice to NFPA 921 and 1033 (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett. Laurin, J. E. (2015). Criminal law’s science lag: How criminal justice meets changed scientific understanding. Texas Law Review, 93(7), 1751–1781. Smith, D. W. (2008). NFPA 921 overview. NFPA Journal, 102(3), 84–85. Suggested Unit Resources In order to access the following resources, click the links below. This article discusses the scientific method as used in general and is not specific to the fire investigations world. Cooke, S. (2016). The unscientific method. New Scientist, 230(3069), 38–41. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h& AN=114501159&site=ehost-live&scope=site This article outlines how the scientific method can enhance fire investigation for the first responder. Herrera, F. (2006). First responder fire investigations: How the scientific method offers a systematic approach to collecting & analyzing data. Firehouse, 31(2), 62–67. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=tsh&AN=20590935&site=ehost-live&scope=site This in-depth article gets into how the current beliefs in fire investigation and other science-based experts are not keeping up with the current findings in the scientific world. Laurin, J. E. (2015). Criminal law’s science lag: How criminal justice meets changed scientific understanding. Texas Law Review, 93(7), 1751–1781. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=bsu&AN=103564767&site=ehost-live&scope=site This article covers a new method to sample a suspect’s hands for evidence of arson while in the field. Muller, D., Levy, A., & Shelef, R. (2014). A new method for the detection of ignitable liquid residues on arsonist suspects hands. Fire Technology, 50(2), 393–402. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=bcr&AN=93751728&site=ehost-live&scope=site FIR 4315, Fire Investigation Technician 4 ...
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Running head: FIRE

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Fire Investigation Technician Columbia Southern University
03/26/2020

FIRE

2
Being an investigator is essential to the course, and it is also needed for applying it

outside of the course as well. Now; an important question to ask is as follows. How can you
utilize...

crfstewarje01 (1438)
UIUC

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