POL 103 College of Staten Island Political Culture in the United States Essay



POL 103

College of Staten Island


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Invented tradition is taken to mean a set of practices, normally governed by overtly or tacitly accepted rules and of a ritual or symbolic nature, which seek to inculcate certain values and norms of behavior by repetition, which automatically implies continuity with the past. In fact, where possible, they normally attempt to establish with a suitable historic past.” (Eric Hobsbawm 1983)

Please discuss the American political culture by giving examples of “invented traditions.” How does it evolve in time? What are the general characteristics of it, and most importantly what is the role of socialization actors (family, school, government, etc.) in socially constructing the political culture in the U.S.?

Try to put it in your own words, look at references/citations but word it on your own. Add additional information with background research.

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POL 103 Intro to Political Science March 19th, 2020 Thursday Public Opinion Does Public Opinion Exist? Learning Objectives • Distinguish between anecdotal and survey evidence. • List the main factors that produce public-opinion views. • Explain what can go wrong with polling. • Explain the intensity factor in structuring public opinion. What is Political Culture? Political Culture and Public Opinion • •Political is about deep between beliefs and valuesculture towardand the What isculture the main difference political political system. public opinion? • Deep values and beliefs vs. immediate views of leaders & public policies What is Public Opinion? • It is all about how citizens view politicians and public policy in the short term… What is Public Opinion? • How much public opinion should drive the form and content of public policy decisions? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCUouHTLWeg What is Public Opinion? • Often groups will work to shape and mold public opinion in their favor. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hmlc79Vwl0A https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoOfIR4Vk1o https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWJHrVe6Iok What is Public Opinion? • In the end, all governments, whether democratic or otherwise, are vulnerable to the effects and fluctuations of public opinion. What could possibly shape public opinion? • Public opinion is shaped by a wide range of interrelated factors. • An issue has salience when there are significant differences of opinion between groups in society Social Class Education Region Religion Age Gender Race & Ethnicity Elite and Mass Opinion Public Opinion Polls Polling Techniques • To conduct a good poll there are specific things that must be done. • Sampling from a population – The sample is very important and there are two ways to select the sample. § Stratified quota sampling tries to get a representative cross sample of all groups in society. § Random sampling is completely random and produces more reliable results. Polling Techniques • Reaching the sample – Once a sample has been established, the next step is figuring out how to reach the sample. § Polling is expensive, and the least expensive are usually the least effective. § Mail samples are cheap but are unreliable in terms of response rates. § Phone samples rarely give you candid responses and the sample is usually nonrandom in addition to missing populations. Polling Techniques • Asking the questions – The wording of the question is important as it is easy to insert bias into the survey. How Reliable are the Polls? American Opinion • Presidential ratings • Liberals and conservatives • Who pays attention? • Is polling fair? • Should the United States be governed by polls? Presidential Approval Presidential Approval Liberals and Conservatives Who Pays Attention? Is Polling Fair? Should the U.S. be governed by polls? Concepts • Public Opinion – Citizens’ reactions to current, specific issues and events. • Anectodal – Recounting the views of a few respondents. • Social Mobility – The rise and fall of people into another social class. • noneconomic issues: Questions relating to patriotism, religion, race, sexuality, and personal choice. • economic issues: Questions relating to jobs, income, taxes, and welfare benefits. • religiosity: Degree of commitment to one's religion; often affects political beliefs. • anticlericalism: Movement in Catholic countries to get Church out of politics. • life cycle: Theory that opinions change as people age. • political generations: Theory that great events of young adulthood permanently color political views Concepts • gender gap: Tendency of American women to vote more Democratic than do men. • skewed: A distribution with its peak well to one side. • unimodal: A single, center-peaked distribution; a bell-shaped curve. • bimodal: A distribution with two large clusters at the extremes and a small center. • polarize: To drive opinion into a bimodal distribution. • likely voters: Population of adults likely to vote in an upcoming election based on their voting history or intention. • population: All people a poll is meant to represent. • sample: Persons selected to be surveyed, usually representative of the whole. • inference: Accepting the opinions of a sample as reflecting those of a whole population. Concepts • margin of error: Range around sample's results within which the population's opinions likely fall; usually written "+/- 3%" • simple random sample: Subset of population chosen by random chance. • volatility: Tendency of public opinion to change quickly. • independent variable: The factor you think influences or causes something to happen. • dependent variable: The factor that changes under the impact of the independent variable. • covariance: How much two factors change together, indicating how strongly they are related. • honeymoon: High support for presidents early in their terms. • rally event: Occurrence that temporarily boosts presidents' support. • attentive public: Those citizens who follow politics, especially national and international affairs. • intensity: The firmness and enthusiasm with which an opinion is held. Videos and Links • Chomsky’s ‘Manufacturing Consent’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCUouHTLWeg • 2011 Mexico oil spill by BP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hmlc79Vwl0A • BP ads - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoOfIR4Vk1o • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWJHrVe6Iok • Pew Research Center – Religious Landscape Study http://www.pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/ • Change in the American Voter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9UMnQq_LRQs • Generations and Next America https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6gG-Q5gv9I • Pros and cons of public opinion polls https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ubR8rEgSZSU • GALLUP - http://www.gallup.com/home.aspx • Gallup Presidential Race http://www.gallup.com/poll/196562/candidates-images-earlyjuly.aspx?g_source=ELECTION_2016&g_medium=topic&g_campaign =tiles • KANOPY - https://csicuny.kanopy.com/playlist/6308402 ...
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Political Culture in the United States
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Political Culture in the United States
Political culture entails beliefs and values towards a political system, its norms and values
of people, including political systems that should operate differently in a particular country. The
low cost and beliefs differentiate a leader and public policies, but both use surveys in a different
question and attitudes towards politics. The participation of political culture was down through
presidential election and midterm election. The political culture contained Almond and Verba.
The participants include people of active citizens and close watch of politics with the main
subject of passive and a parochial of not caring (Peters,...

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