Ashford University Disparities between India and Pakistan

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Question Description

I don’t understand this Political Science question and need help to study.

How do the states of India and Pakistan differ from each other? Discuss with reference to political systems, social structures, economy and foreign policy.

What historical factors drove the creation of these two states? How has this variance contributed to the respective formation of their national identities?

Use the text"Robert Oberst et al, Government and Politics in South Asia. Westview Press; Seventh Edition", Tharoor's book (India from Midnight to the Millennium), or other readings available to find evidence for your essay. paper must be at least 1500 words, 3-4 pages

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Final Answer




Disparities between India and Pakistan



India and Pakistan are two neighboring countries in the southern part of the Asia
Continent, but they feature some interesting differences in a wide array of landscapes. The two
states were British colonies and attained independence in the same year—1947. Initially, the
geographical area that is now termed as Pakistan was a part of India (Chawla, 2010). However,
the British colonialists created a new country by carving out some of the Indian provinces such
as Punjab, the tribal belt of Pathans, Baluchistan and Sindh. After attaining independence, there
are historical events that occurred in both countries that shaped them into what they are
currently. Despite having several similarities such as achieving independence in the same period
and employing a parliamentary system of governance, having Hinduism and Islam as the main
religions, most of their citizens living in rural areas and participating in agriculture as the
primary source of income, India and Pakistan have a lot of differences (Chawla, 2010). Key
disparities can be noted from the political systems utilized in both countries, the social structure,
the economy and also policies involving foreign countries. The two also exhibit differences in
the key religious systems that are dominant. Therefore, India and Pakistan portray differences in
their general organization.
The use of democracy in determining the country’s leadership is one of the disparities
portrayed by the two countries. India tends to be a democratic nation whereby the public elects
the people who occupies the top management (Shah, 2015). Since gaining independence, the
country has conducted 16 elections which were highly contested. The elections entail choosing
the top country leaders, the state assembly personnel, and the people to manage the urban and
local governments. Therefore, the citizens of India are accorded their rights to vote for the
government they want to run the country. However, in Pakistan, the scenario is different. That is,
the residents of the country are not granted fully their democratic rights to decide the people they
need to lead them and the policies to be employed in governance. There were instances in the
country’s history when the democracy was suspended and the military governed the people.
Those instances include between 1958-1969, 1977-1988 an...

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