Writing
Robert Morris University Communication Between Cultures Discussion

Robert Morris University

Question Description

Help me study for my Writing class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

This week our reading involves verbal language. Cultures differ with how they use language (how it's spoken, written, meaning, etc.) and most cultures have a designated language.

Your text explained that, intercultural communication involves more than relying on knowing how to speak a second language, it is about how a person uses words in the first place. Words are only symbols and can never be precise, as words mean different things to different people. At the same time, language allows people to exchange information and abstract ideas, and is an integral part of identity. Our text stated that language influences our view of reality. What do you think this statement means? Also, as words can never be precise, how can this inhibit clear communication and how might these obstacles be overcome? Please describe. 150 words at less

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Communication between 9th Edition cultures Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas through Language © Cengage 2017 Chapter 8: Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas through Language 1 Key Ideas • • • • • The world Stage: Global Interdependence Communication and Culture Defined Venturing into a new culture Ethical Issues Intercultural Communication Challenges ©2017 Cengage Chapter 2: Communication and Culture: The Voice and the Echo 2 Key Ideas • • • • • • • Functions of language Language and meaning Language and culture Using language Interpreting and translating Communication technology and language Language and intercultural competence © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 3 Functions of language • Social interaction • Social cohesion • Expressions of identity © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 4 Language and meaning • Language is a set of symbols that a cultural group has agreed to use to create meaning. • The symbols and their meanings are often arbitrary • Language variations – Accent – Dialect – Argot – Slang © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 5 Language and meaning • Conversational taboos – Cultural restrictions related to the discussion of certain topics or use of certain words – Generally related to topics of sex, the supernatural, excretion and death © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 6 Language and culture • Synergy between language and culture – Language is dominant in shaping worldview and perception of reality – A culture’s language vocabulary emphasizes what is important © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 7 Using Language • Using Language – how language to influence perceptions • Spanish – Male orientation in Mexican society evident in gendered nouns and pronouns – Separate verb conjunctions help Mexicans express formality which is important in the culture © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 8 Using Language • Northeast Asian cultures (e.g. China, Korea, Japan) – High context cultures – Employ language in an indirect manner to promote harmony – Politeness takes precedence over truth – Importance of formality and hierarchy – Opposite of western culture’s view of communication as a way to increase self-esteem © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 9 Using Language • Arabic – Language unites and defines greater Arab community – Language is a function of history – Language posses emotional content – Indirectness is used to ensure smooth relations – Repetition and exaggeration is used to appeal to emotions – Focus on the present and uncertainty about the future © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 10 Using Language • English – “I”” is used frequently in conversation – Language is used to protect your own face rather than the faces of others – Communication is used to promote individuality – Americans prefer to be on a first name basis quickly with titles rarely used © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 11 Interpreting and translating • Interpretation - changing oral or signed messages from one language into another • Translation – changing written or signed messages from one language to another • Translation requires an extensive awareness of cultural factors © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 12 Interpreting and translating • Working with interpreters and translators – Language knowledge – Dialect knowledge – Specialized technology – Cultural knowledge © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 13 Communication technology and language • The digital age has greatly enhanced the ability of people around to world to easily and quickly “connect” with others through a variety of media • Interacting through the Internet requires the use of a common language • English continues to be the most common language among Internet users • Language can also play a role in the selection of which social media outlet a culture favors © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 14 Language and intercultural competence • Improving intercultural interactions – – – – – Being mindful Speech rate Vocabulary Attend to nonverbal behaviors Checking • Second language benefits – Communicate with people – Shows people you’re interested in them – Provides insight into the emotions and values of a culture © Cengage 2012 Chapter 8 Verbal Messages: Exchanging Ideas Through Language 15 ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

Discussion Board 2
Amazon Data Table:
Actor
Major steps

The user trying to make a purchase in the
Amazon website.
-

Detailed steps

Type of data

The way data is used

Go to https://www.amazon.com/
Search for items you wish to
purchase
Select the item you wish to purchase
Click “Add to Bag”
Click “Proceed to Checkout” to put
payment information and complete
purchase

In the web browser, type
https://www.amazon.com/ , then press
“enter.” After the page is loaded, on the top
of the page, right below the web browser,
there is a search engine. In this search
engine, you will type the item you wish to
purchase, then press “Enter.” Scroll down to
see the options of items related to your
search, and then select one that you wish to
buy. After clicking on the chosen item, there
will be an “Add to Bag” option in orange at
the top right corner of the page. After that
click the “...

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