HIST 12 SMC Petition of Committee on Behalf of The Freedmen to Andrew Johnson Essay

Hist 12

Santa Monica College


Question Description

I don’t understand this History question and need help to study.


Analyze The primary source (attached PDF) by placing it in historical context. In order to do this discuss what was going on at the time your source was written. What kind of source is it? It could be a letter, a law, a newspaper or magazine article, a legal contract, an extract from a book, or something else. Who wrote it and why? What do you think the historical significance is? In other words, what does this source tell us about the time period?

Write a few paragraphs for your source. Use complete sentences and proof read your work before you submit it. Use a phrase or sentence from the source as evidence for what you are arguing. When you take a direct quote from the source (the PDF), put it in quotes and at the end of the sentence cite it.

** USE YOUR OWN WORDS,NO PLAGIARISM, the instructor is very sensitive on this matter.

*** Time sensitive 4-5 paragraphs

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3/24/2020 97. Petition of Committee on Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson (1865) 97. Petition of Committee on Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson (1865) Source: Henry Bram et al. to the President of the United States, October 28, 1865, P-27, 1865, Letters Received, ser. 15, Washington Headquarters, Freedmen’s Bureau Papers, National Archives. By June 1865, some 40,000 freedpeople had been settled on “Sherman land” in South Carolina and Georgia, in accordance with Special Field Order 15. That summer, however, President Andrew Johnson, who had succeeded Lincoln, ordered nearly all land in federal hands returned to its former owners. In October, O. O. Howard, head of the Freedmen’s Bureau, traveled to the Sea Islands to inform blacks of the new policy. Howard was greeted with disbelief and protest. A committee drew up petitions to Howard and President Johnson. Their petition to the president pointed out that the government had encouraged them to occupy the land and affirmed that they were ready to purchase it if given the opportunity. Johnson rejected the former slaves’ plea. And, throughout the South, because no land distribution took place, the vast majority of rural freedpeople remained poor and without property during Reconstruction. EDISTO ISLAND S.C. Oct 28th, 1865. To the President of these United States. We the freedmen of Edisto Island South Carolina have learned From you through Major General O O Howard commissioner of the Freedmans Bureau. with deep sorrow and Painful hearts of the possibility of government restoring These lands to the former owners. We are well aware Of the many perplexing and trying questions that burden Your mind, and do therefore pray to god (the preserver of all and who has through our Late and beloved President (Lincoln) proclamation and the war made Us A free people) that he may guide you in making Your decisions, and give you that wisdom that Cometh from above to settle these great and Important Questions for the best interests of the country and the Colored race: Here is where secession was born and Nurtured Here is were we have toiled nearly all Our lives as slaves and were treated like dumb Driven cattle, This is our home, we have made These lands what they are. we were the only true and Loyal people that were found in posession of these Lands. we have been always ready to strike for Liberty and humanity yea to fight if needs be To preserve this glorious union. Shall not we who Are freedman and have been always true to this Union have the same rights as are enjoyed by Others? Have we broken any Law of these United States? Have we forfieted our rights of property In Land?—If not then! are not our rights as A free people and good citizens of these United States To be considered before the rights of those who were Found in rebellion against this good and just Government (and now being conquered) come (as they Seem) with penitent hearts and beg forgiveness For past offences and also ask if their lands Cannot be restored to them are these rebellious Spirits to be reinstated in their possessions And we who have https://digital.wwnorton.com/ebooks/epub/voices6v2/EPUB/content/15.2-chapter15.xhtml 1/2 3/24/2020 97. Petition of Committee on Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson (1865) been abused and oppressed For many long years not to be allowed the Privilege of purchasing land But be subject To the will of these large Land owners? God forbid, Land monopoly is injurious to the advancement of the course of freedom, and if Government Does not make some provision by which we as Freedmen can obtain A Homestead, we have Not bettered our condition. We have been encouraged by Government to take Up these lands in small tracts, receiving Certificates of the same—we have thus far Taken Sixteen thousand (16000) acres of Land here on This Island. We are ready to pay for this land When Government calls for it. and now after What has been done will the good and just government take from us all this right and make us Subject to the will of those who have cheated and Oppressed us for many years God Forbid! We the freedmen of this Island and of the State of South Carolina—Do therefore petition to you as the President of these United States, that some provisions be made by which Every colored man can purchase land. and Hold it as his own. We wish to have A home if It be but A few acres. without some provision is Made our future is sad to look upon. yess our Situation is dangerous. we therefore look to you In this trying hour as A true friend of the poor and Neglected race. for protection and Equal Rights. with the privilege of purchasing A Homestead—A Homestead right here in the Heart of South Carolina. We pray that God will direct your heart in Making such provision for us as freedmen which Will tend to united these states together stronger Than ever before—May God bless you in the Administration of your duties as the President Of these United States is the humble prayer Of us all.— In behalf of the Freedmen Henry Bram Committee Ishmael Moultrie. yates. Sampson Questions 1. How important is it for the petitioners to obtain land on Edisto Island, as opposed to elsewhere in the country? 2. What do they think is the relationship between owning land and freedom? https://digital.wwnorton.com/ebooks/epub/voices6v2/EPUB/content/15.2-chapter15.xhtml 2/2 ...
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Final Answer

Here is the paper

Running head: THE FREEDMEN


The Freedmen
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation


The Freedmen

Petition of Committee on Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson (1865)
The source is a letter inscribed by Henry Bram Ismael Moultrie and Yates SAMPSON
on behalf of the Freedmen to Oliver Otis Howard, who was the representative of the Refugees
Unit, the abandoned land, the Freedmen and the US president Andre Johnson. The paper was
written down on twenty eighth, October 1865 in Edisto Island, in South Carolina. The area was
ruled by the Union Control at the earlier phases of the American Civil war of 1861-1865.
The rich cotton planters had to flee to the mainland as early as November 1861, when the
Union occupation took over Edisto land. An approximate of ten thousand slaves stayed behind
and were allowed to plow the ground under very stern supervision from the Union
personnel/forces. The letter was jotted down at an ideal time when the state policy of land
distribution, formerly possessed by confederates was surging. It is clear from the letter that the
freedmen community could articulate what was right politically through petitioning the highest
authorities at their times in issues relating to the land to address their grievances categorically
(Rable, 2017). They needed their lands backs as they were the right and loyal individuals who
owned the land....

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