Running head: FEEDING THE WORLD
Ethical Concerns Regarding GMOs in the Food Industry
FEEDING THE WORLD
The GMO Controversy
1. Beliefs concerning GMOs tend to be dominated by two opposing narratives: What are they?
The opponents argue that GMOs are results of greed and corporate control as well as
fear of the unnatural
GMO advocates see this technology as an example of the triumph of human
ingenuity and science.
2. GMO advocates point out that pretty much all food that is consumed by humans has already
been extensively modified by human activity. True
3. What was corn cultivated from?
Corn was cultivated from teosinte, which looks like modern corn.
4. Cultivation uses a combination of what two basic processes to create countless varieties of
i. Artificial selection
5. What is artificial selection?
Saving the best plants from one year’s crop to provide the seeds for the following
6. What is cross pollination?
Creating a hybrid species in an attempt to get the best traits from closely related species
7. Orange carrots are not the result of a mutation. False
8. What is mutation breeding?
Exposing plants to chemicals or to radiation that increases the mutation rate
9. How many mutagenic plant varietals were released between 1930 and 2007? (.5 point)
2540 mutagenic plant varietals
10. What are the two basic types of GMOs? (.5 point)
Transgenic and Cisgenic GMOs
11. What is the difference between the two types of GMOs? (.5 point)
While Cisgenic involves inserting genes from closely related species, ones that could
potentially cross breed with the target species, Transgenic involves inserting genes from
distant species – even from different kingdoms of life, such as putting a gene from a
bacterium into a plant.
12. What are the four types of GM plants currently approved for use?
i. Herbicide tolerance
ii. Insecticide production
iii. Altered fatty acid composition (for canola oil), and
iv. Virus resistance
FEEDING THE WORLD
13. Contamination of genes from other kingdoms occurs, even in nature True
14. According to the American Association for the Advancement of science, GM crops are the
most extensively tested crops ever added to our food supply. True
15. According to the article, studies comparing GM and non-GM potatoes, soy, rice, corn and
triticale found that the GM and their non-GM counterparts are NOT nutritionally
16. The National Academies of Science states that “To date, no adverse health effects attributed
to genetic engineering have been documented in the human population.” True
17. What does the World Health Organization say about GM foods? (.5 point)
“GM foods currently traded on the international market ha...
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