Humanities
De Anza College Architecture Past and Present Paper

De Anza College

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Can you help me understand this Art question?

(three examples for the entire question, not three examples for each part of the question)

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A fully completed response should include a discussion of the cultural, political, social, and or general environmental circumstances, a)During the Renaissance there was a greater focus on intellectualism, and a reduced focus on religion, but there was a shift back to religion in Baroque architecture. Why? (hint: Reformation vs. Counter-Reformation) b)The Rococo, once again, had less of an emphasis on religious architecture. Why? c) And then in the 18th and 19th centuries, there is a large focus on revival styles in architecture. Discuss how the Enlightenment, revolutions, and politics played a large role in determining these revival styles. Extra Credit How did the Industrial Revolution (and the invention of mass produced materials), the Chicago fire of 1871, and the enormous growth in cities in Europe and the United States give rise to the birth of the first skyscrapers? Or, if you prefer to answer this question for extra credit, please tell me how you are coping with the current pandemic situation. ...
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Running head: ARCHITECTURE PAST AND PRESENT

Architecture Past and Present
Student’s Name
Institution Affiliation

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ARCHITECTURE PAST AND PRESENT

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Architecture Past and Present
a) During the Renaissance, there was a greater focus on intellectualism, and a reduced
focus on religion, but there was a shift back to religion in Baroque architecture.
Why? (hint: Reformation vs. Counter-Reformation)
The renaissance period is associated with a culture and intellectual movement in European
history that occurred approximately between 1400 and 1600. The renaissance period bridged the
Middle Ages and the modern history, and it overlays with the Elizabethan, Early Modern, and
Restoration periods depending on the country (Contributor, 2016). The period was marked by more
cultural and intellectual than political changes, especially in countries such as Italy, England,
France, and Germany. According to renaissance thinkers, the Middle Ages was marked by a
cultural decline, and they targeted revitalizing it by re-accentuating philosophies and classical
texts.
The Baroque period marked a major change in the religion in Rome, Italy, in the 16th
century. The Baroque period marked the Counter-Reformation movement in Catholic Church,
which was meant to respond to protestants led who claimed the church to be corrupt and abusive
of power ("Baroque architecture | Definition, Characteristics, & Facts", 2020). In the 16th century,
the Catholic church focused on spending lavishly for the papacy, defending the doctrines that were
rejected by protestants, and addressing the corruption issue internally. The Baroque marked a
transformation of Rome to piety and asceticism that were characterized by new exploration of light
and shadow, and dramatic intensity in the 1560s.
b) The Rococo, once again, had less of an emphasis on religious architecture.
The Rococo design started in the 18th century and did not have much emphasis on religion
because it was mostly used for decorating artefacts and not an expression of beliefs. The sculpture,

ARCHITECTURE PAST AND PRESENT

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painting, decorative arts, and interior design style came from Paris ("Rococo | Definition, Art,
Painting, & Characteristics," n.d.). The rococo style intended to counter Baroque art associated
with Louis XIV's rule in the Palace of Versailles. The first example of the French Rocco is the
decoration that was don...

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