Running head: COMPARATIVE POLITICS
The making of the modern state of Germany as a separate state in central Europe is drawn
from Julius Caesar, the Roman commander who recognized the unconquered region of the east
of the Rhine as Germania, therefore, differentiating it from French which he had already seized.
As a modern institution, German traces its origin from the treaty of Westphalia in 1648, which
acknowledged the value of state sovereignty at the culmination of thirty years of the bloody
hostilities in Europe. In the twentieth century and in the hands of Nazi fascists, German selfgovernment took on powerful and eventually virulent and destructive force. After the termination
of the cold war in 1990, East and West Germany reunited, and today the nation remains hesitant
in promoting nationalism and in one of the key advocates of European integration as well as the
unity of the European Union.
German is a federal, democratic republic that is made up of sixteen states. In Germany,
authority is shared amid the federal and the state government. In the federal government, power
is shared between the executive, judiciary as well as the legislature. The executive is the most
powerful and is headed by the Federal Chancellor and acts as the head of state, appoints federal
ministers and controls the federal government. The Chancellor also elects Federal president who
acts majorly in a ceremonial capacity. In Germany, the legislative branch of government is made
up of two chambers which include the federal assembly (Bundestag) as well as Federal Council
(Bundesrat). The courts of the lander, federal courts as well as the Bundesverfassungsgericht are
in charge of the judicial powe...
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