I’m stuck on a Psychology question and need an explanation.
Give examples of how internal locus of control people behave differently from locus of control people.
Give examples of ways in which high sensation seekers behave differently from low sensation seekers.
How does Seligman's concept of flourishing differ from his earlier concept of subjective well-being?
Here is an example on how to write this.
Julian Rotter was the one to explain personality through his theory of an internal vs an external locus of control. If a person has an internal locus of control, they believe that they control what reinforcements and rewards they receive based on their own actions. A person with an external locus of control, however, believes that outside forces, including other people or simply luck, control the reinforcements and rewards that they receive. An example of how a person with an internal locus of control acts differently could be a person who, in school, works incredibly hard and studies for long hours to get good grades. They are devoted to their work to ensure the best grades possible. On the other hand, a person with an external locus might not study at all. They might believe that whatever happens is not their own fault, so they may never open a textbook. People with an internal locus are less likely to suffer from mental health problems, and they also cope more efficiently with stress. People with an external locus are more likely to feel burnout from school and work.
Marvin Zuckerman's focus was on sensation seeking. Sensation seeking involves a range of sensations and experiences that one might receive from a particular event. There are several different sub-categories of sensation seeking, one of which is thrill and adventure-seeking. Someone who might be a high adventure seeker might love to ride roller coasters because of the thrill and rush it gives them. However, someone who is a low adventure seeker might avoid roller coasters and theme parks, as they do not enjoy the feeling that comes along with them. Younger people tend to be high sensation seekers when it comes to adventure and risk, and older people tend to be low sensation seekers in this category. By this study, we can infer that younger people tend to prefer roller coasters over older people. Men also tend to score higher in adventure sensation-seeking than women, so by this, we can also infer that males tend to prefer roller coasters over females.
Seligman's concept of flourishing focuses more on positive things than on negative ones, whereas subjective wellbeing tends to have a balance of positive and negative things. Subjective well-being is a person's perception on their own wellbeing, and their belief about how their life is going. Learned helplessness could be as aspect of subjective wellbeing; if we believe that we cannot control our lives, our perception of our wellbeing might be more negative. Factors like money, physical attractiveness, place of residence, age, and health can influence our subjective well-being. However, flourishing happens when we have complete satisfaction with our lives and there is no learned hopelessness left. It is a completely positive experience that occurs when we understand our lives, have deep connections with ourselves and other people, and are content with where we are.