Humanities
Walden University WK5 Amphetamines Researchers and Efficacious Treatment Paper

Walden University

Question Description

I’m studying for my Psychology class and need an explanation.

There is the lure of the positive effects of stimulants: elevation of mood, increased alertness, reduced fatigue, increased energy, and relief from boredom. But the feeling of reward that comes from increased dopaminergic neurotransmission that activates the reward system of the nucleus accumbens can quickly lead to obsessive use and dependency. With increased dosages, what were once pleasant effects turn into anxiety, insomnia, irritability, and the need for higher and higher dosages to achieve the desired effect. Successful treatment of stimulant-use disorders must include pharmacology, nonpharmacological treatment, training and reinforcement of behavior change, and supportive social systems.

For this Discussion, consider why treatments for stimulant-use disorders have been ineffective and how treatment might be improved in the future. As you prepare for the Discussion, also take into account the role of the placebo effect as it relates to the treatment of stimulant-use disorders (refer to the Looby and Earleywine article in the Learning Resources).

Write an explanation for why researchers have not found any efficacious treatments for stimulant-use disorders. Include in your explanation an analysis of why previously tested treatments have failed. Be sure to include sociocultural and economic issues and references to the placebo effect in your Discussion. Finally, generate strategies for improving treatment of stimulant-use disorders.

Readings

  • Brown, E. S., Tirado, C., Minhajuddin, A., Hillhouse, M., Adinoff, B., Ling, W., . . . Thomas, C. (2010). Association of race and ethnicity with withdrawal symptoms, attrition, opioid use, and side-effects during buprenorphine therapy. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 9(2), 106–114.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Döpfner, M., Ose, C., Fischer, R., Ammer, R., & Scherag, A. (2011). Comparison of the efficacy of two different modified release methylphenidate preparations for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a natural setting: Comparison of the efficacy of Medikinet® retard and Concerta®—a randomized, controlled, double-blind multicenter clinical crossover trial. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 21(5), 445–454.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Filip, M., Alenina, N., Bader, M., & Przegaliński, E. (2010). Behavioral evidence for the significance of serotoninergic (5-HT) receptors in cocaine addiction. Addiction Biology, 15(3), 227–249.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Advokat, C. D., & Comaty, J. E., & Julien, R. M. (2019). Julien's primer of drug action: A comprehensive guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs (14th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers/Macmillan.

  • Chapter 6, “Caffeine and Nicotine” (pp. 177-206)
  • Chapter 7, “Cocaine, the Amphetamines, and Other Psychostimulants” (pp. 217-248)

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Final Answer

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Running Head: WEEK 5 DISCUSSION STIMULANTS

Week 5 Discussion- Stimulants
Name
Institution Affiliation

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WEEK 5 DISCUSSION STIMULANTS

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Week 5 Discussion- Stimulants
There is an increasing concern in most parts of the world over the use of stimulants for
medical purposes. The numbers of people that constantly use substances like cocaine,
methamphetamines. Amphetamines and cathinones, among others, have been on the rise.
However, the treatments of stimulant-use disorders have been ineffective because of inadequate
legal approval.
Researchers and Efficacious Treatment
Inadequate research has also contributed to lack of efficacious treatment for stimulant use
disorders. There are still a lot of findings that need to be carried out in this area to identify
evidence-based interventions. The research includes the strategies for reducing harm in using
stimulant apart from the ones that have been identified in the treatment of alcohol and opioid
dependency (Döpfner et al., 2011). Researchers can increase the availability, accessibility and
accuracy of their findings by integrating evidence-based practice in treatment. The engagement
of patients and communities in the research can be a great step in using innovative models that
prevail in the field.
Another hindrance is the adulteration of the drug supply chain. For example, fentanyl is
adulterated in most parts of the world to incorporate supplies of cocaine, heroin and meth
(Brown et al., 2011). This increases the risks and c...

CASIMIR (26361)
Boston College

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