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Adolescents and Puberty
List the physical changes that begin puberty and summarize the Surprising differences
in brain development during adolescence.
Healthy puberty development is identified with physically significant alterations. These
physical alterations include; changes in body composition, sexual maturation, and rapid
skeleton growth. 85% of girls start showing their breast development when it comes to
puberty. Eight to thirteen years is known to be the initial age for breast development. When it
comes to boys, testicle enlargement is their first manifestation of puberty. Nine to fourteen
years is the average age for the initial signs of puberty. Pubic hair starts to grow in boys 18 to
24 months generally after the testicular has grown, and that's when the male adolescent
sexual maturation is identified. Skeletal growth is the most striking characteristic when it
comes to puberty. At stage three, the increase in male's genitals begins with linear velocity
growth and pubic hair at step two. High peak velocity is not attained until at the age of
fourteen in boys and twelve years in girls. The lean body, which primarily shows muscles,
begins to increase in both boys and girls at early puberty. During the last stages, fat masses
increases when it comes to puberty in girls. But surprisingly, when it comes to how puberty
affects the brain, boys and girls are affected differently. Boy shows an increase in
connectivity in specific brain areas while girls show a decrease in connectivity as puberty
Describe the prevalence, symptoms, and treatment of eating disorders
Eating disorders are severe conditions involving eating persistently that negatively interferes
with your health, emotions, and ability to function in areas that are important in your life.
Most eating disorders include concentrating more on your weight, boy shape, and food
leading to dangerously eating behaviors. Lifetime prevalence statics shows that about 0.4%
and 0.004% of men during their lifetime will have to meet the criteria of anorexia. In females,
the prevalence of the eating disorder is 1.6%and 0.8% in males. However, research indicates
that the number of males who have eating disorders is increasing even though both genders
are experiencing eating disorders. Symptoms of eating disorders vary on the basis type of
eating disorder one is suffering. For exam[le, when one suffers from anorexia, he or she
excessively limits calories or any other means of losing weight, such as too much exercise,
using diet aids, or vomiting after eating. Trying so hard to lose weight can bring you severe
health problems, sometimes even to the point of killing yourself. There is no sure way of
preventing eating disorders, but there are some strategies one can undertake to develop a
healthy eating behavior. Like people with anorexia can be assisted by helping them regaining
weight to a healthy level.
Summarize rates and trends in adolescent substance use and classify adolescent
substance use into four categories
Substance abuse in adolescence is a severe issue that contributes to significant medical,
psychological consequences later in life. Some of these substance abuse includes alcohol.
Alcohol is the substance that is most misused by adolescents. About 70% of the 12th-grade
report having tried alcohol. Drinking has been portrayed as acceptable by both society and
the media. Despite all these influences, its parent's responsibility to make a difference by
conveying clear expectations to their adolescent kids. Another substance is tobacco. The
majority of the adults, who smoke, started at their teena...
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