Business Finance
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Eurekacom Case Study

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

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I don’t know how to handle this Accounting question and need guidance.

Read the attached case and right summary of the case and answer the below questions all in report format:

Maximum pages 20


What were the main challenges facing the company and what were the solutions to these challenges (e.g., new policy, investments, acquiring new talents, applying new measurement matrices …etc.)? Use a time line and detailed your agreement or disagreement with its decisions.


Discuss the company’s performance in terms of operating and financial strategy.


What are the Key Success Factors for this company?


What would you suggest for the company to grow?

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For the exclusive use of H. Madani, 2020. BAB467 / APRIL 2019 EUREKA.COM: MOVING FROM START-UP TO SCALE-UP1 “Where do we go from here?” thought Esra Maya Evren, the founder and CEO of, in her office in Istanbul. Her company had been a fast-growing e-commerce startup in Turkey since 2008, not only providing customized gifts to individual buyers and professional marketing products for corporate clients, but also serving as a platform for designers and artists to market their creations. In August 2018, the company was offering more than 15,000 different products on its website. Recognized as the Entrepreneur of the year in Turkey by Endeavor in 2016, Esra Maya was aware that the business environment for low margin products was dynamic and had low barriers for entry for new competitors with similar services. Her customer base to the site was not homogeneous, which demanded her to divide her time, attention and resources between different customer groups with diverse demands. She managed a large and diverse segment of individual customers who recognized the brand and developed brand loyalty over the years. Her variety of customized products had been important for individual shoppers, while complicating the order fulfillment process. Further, she defined her corporate customers as predominantly small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Corporate customers ordered in small quantities, which were usually finalized by small modifications to imported products. In this segment, she anticipated potential expansion with larger corporations. Although her attempt to establish a new sales channel by opening up kiosks in shopping malls in Istanbul failed, she learned from this experience that she had to grow organically and strengthen the supply side of her business. She asked her management team to collect data on the market and demand forecasts before making further decisions. She set up a meeting with the team to develop a growth strategy for her startup regarding her individual and/or corporate customer base. Company Background Since the early 2000s, the new generation of Turkish entrepreneurs, the availability of domestic and foreign investments, and a young and tech savvy population fueled the momentum for e-commerce in the Turkish economy. Eureka’s online business-to-customer (B2C) model was launched in 2008 to allow individual shoppers to purchase a customized product in two ways (Exhibits 1a & b). First, they could create their own products by customizing a mug, trophy, t-shirt or watch with any text, picture and/or design for special occasions like birthdays, bachelorette parties, or Valentine’s Day. Second, the individual customers could ask for “fun and cool” products such as an Oscar from the Academy Awards with the gift receiver’s name. This case was prepared by Sinan Erzurumlu, Associate Professor of Innovation and Operations Management at Babson College, and Yaman Erzurumlu, Professor of Finance at Bahcesehir University. It was developed as a basis for class discussion rather than to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of an administrative situation. It is not intended to serve as an endorsement, source of primary data or illustration of effective or ineffective management. Copyright © 2019 Babson College and licensed for publication to Harvard Business Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this publication can be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission of Babson College. This document is authorized for use only by Haider Madani in 2020. For the exclusive use of H. Madani, 2020. EUREKA.COM BAB467 / APRIL 2019 In 2012, the company changed its business model by adding a physical channel and opening a number of kiosks at large shopping malls across Istanbul. Esra Maya anticipated increased brand recognition with this move to multi-channel sales. In the following year, the company received funding from a venture capitalist firm to acquire its largest competitor, increase its production capacity, and reduce production cost by buying printing machines. Nevertheless, the company shut down its kiosks in 2014 because they did not generate enough revenue. In particular, the operations for physical kiosks required holding on-location inventory and managing the new distribution network. Esra Maya and her management team came to the conclusion that physical and online channels demanded different managerial skills and knowledge about marketing and managing operations. Therefore, they decided to focus only on the online sales channel. In 2016, Esra Maya invested 500,000 Turkish Lira (₺) for the rights to use Disney, Marvel, Harry Potter, the Lord of The Rings, and Looney Tunes characters. The users could pick a predesigned item or order a custom design in the company’s "Create your own product" segment and get a popular character and drawings. She also signed contracts with well-known local artists and cartoonists to use their drawings and creations (Exhibit 1c). Esra Maya initiated what she called "Pazaryeri" (Marketplace) as an online market for these artists and cartoonists to market their products on Eureka. In 2015, she also started a business-tobusiness (B2B) model serving corporate customers. Typically, small to medium-sized tech companies ordered small quantities of promotional customized products such as business cards, calendars, pens, pencils, or power banks bearing their company logos. Growth Strategy The failure of the physical sales channel showed the management team they had to accept the potential for failure if they wanted to experiment and make entrepreneurial moves. Also, the experience made Esra Maya realize the importance of quantitative analysis for strategic moves as she scaled up her business. Until recently, Esra Maya focused on finding new ways to reach customers and grow her sales. Her startup was moving from the start-up to the scale-up phase with the market share and brand recognition she had built. She was not only looking for consolidating her resources on certain segments that could differentiate her brand. She also wanted to both come up with an operations strategy to manage the complexity of increasing the number of stock keeping units (SKUs) and streamline the production operations, all while maintaining the company’s value proposition of customization, flexibility and variety. Esra Maya sought sales growth in four product categories for the Eureka’s B2C and B2B segments (Exhibit 2). The daily demand was estimated at 1,250 units of total daily sales and distributed across four product categories with respect to the projected sales mix. Regardless of the product category, as soon as payment was complete, each customer request was processed, checked for quality, and entered into the queue for production via a first in first out approach. In 2018, 90% of the sales for Eureka came from the individual shoppers and 10% were sales to the business customers, predominantly small and medium tech start-ups with 10-20 employees (Exhibit 2). 55% of individual shoppers were female and 63% were between the ages 18-35. Of all sales in 2018, 20% were generated from the Marketplace with artistdesigned and trademarked items. Esra Maya’s management team gathered the market forecasts for three product categories (Exhibit 3). The market competition and trends challenged Eureka to reallocate its capacity for different product offerings (Exhibit 4). Esra Maya was not yet sure how to manage capacity allocation and the inventory levels for an increasing variety of products. Eureka had no formal sourcing and inventory policy. She would hold high levels of SKUs so as not to worry about running out of products. To improve her inventory policy, Esra Maya examined data for the past 360 operating days on three products representing each sales category: the 2 This document is authorized for use only by Haider Madani in 2020. For the exclusive use of H. Madani, 2020. EUREKA.COM BAB467 / APRIL 2019 Marketplace mug designed by well-known artists, a custom sweatshirt as the customized product that would be used for both individual and business clients, and less demanded “fun and cool” products such as customized trophies. The data revealed that the Marketplace products (e.g., artist drawings or trademark designs) were predicted to make up, for 2019, a maximum 30% of total sales with a weekly standard deviation of 278, whereas customized products (e.g., sweatshirts with names and personal notes) could make up a maximum 60% of total sales with a weekly standard deviation of 348. The “fun and cool” orders such as customized trophies could take up to 20% of the capacity with a weekly standard deviation of 70. The lead time for her orders was two weeks, regardless of whether they were produced in-house or outsourced, except for “fun and cool” products which took four weeks to process. On average, 70% of the orders were met by in-house production while the remaining 30% were outsourced (Exhibit 5). Esra Maya aimed to maintain the 90% rate of meeting customer orders within 5 days. Despite the company showing a trajectory of increase in gross profits until 2017, it was facing increasing competition as it started threatening established local brands. It also experienced decreasing profit margin in 2018 (Exhibit 6). Eureka paid a commission of 20% for sales under the Marketplace product segment to professional designers and artists in addition to production costs. As a part of the capacity strategy, Esra Maya invested 500,000 ₺ for five printing machines in 2018. The machines could print on mugs and sweatshirts as well as labels that were later put on trophies. In 2019, the projected capital investment would be the purchase of a 3000 meter square facility for 1,500,000 ₺ to improve the logistics, production and distribution activities. For this capacity expansion, Esra Maya borrowed funds in 2018 and invested in Marketable Securities (Exhibit 6). She anticipated the investment in the new facility to increase the total gross fixed assets significantly in 2019. She intended to keep investment in fixed assets for the next year limited to the new facility investment. Moving Forward Esra Maya pondered Eureka’s position as she waited for her management team. She knew that her startup had grown significantly and she now needed to reconsider her business model. She was interested in hearing about the growth and earnings potential of each customer segment and the operational structure required to serve each segment. She was also facing stiff competition and wanted to learn how to differentiate her business from competitors. She thought about the optimal product mix, while maintaining operational flexibility with less production complexity. She was curious about what her management team would present to her. 3 This document is authorized for use only by Haider Madani in 2020. For the exclusive use of H. Madani, 2020. EUREKA.COM BAB467 / APRIL 2019 Exhibit 1. Sample products from Eureka a) Customized Product b) “Fun and Cool” Product c) The Marketplace Source: Exhibit 2. Performance of product categories Launch Date Price Range (₺) 2017 sales mix 2018 sales mix 2019 maximum projected sales mix share 2019 estimated price per unit (₺) Customized product 2008 10-100 60% 60% 60% 40 “Fun and Cool” product 2008 5-500 40% 10% 20% 50 The Marketplace 2015 20-120 - 20% 30% 80 Promotional customized product 2015 5-1000 - 10% 30% 50 Customer Segment and Product Category B2C Segment B2B Segment Source: Eurkeka 4 This document is authorized for use only by Haider Madani in 2020. For the exclusive use of H. Madani, 2020. EUREKA.COM BAB467 / APRIL 2019 Exhibit 3. Product forecasts Forecasted Market Characteristics in 2019 Product Category Size of Target Market in 2025 Customized Products for B2C segment 47 million internet users Average shopping basket size 45 ₺ 3.4 billion ₺ “Fun and Cool” Products for B2C segment 10 million online customers Average shopping basket size 30 ₺ 600 million ₺ Promotional Customized Products for B2B segment 15 million online customers Average shopping basket size 66 ₺ 2.5 billion ₺ Source: Eurkeka Exhibit 4. Major Competitors Competitor Activity Average Transaction (Basket size) Product Variety e-trade (online market 220% larger than Eureka) 50 ₺ Large selection Second largest customized product website (50% of Eureka’s gross profit) 50 ₺ Customized Second largest online gift shop (40% of Eureka’s gross profit) 45 ₺ Large selection Source: Eureka Exhibit 5. Operational costs for product categories Minimum order quantity Average Cost per order including custom fees (₺) Average Holding cost (% of the unit cost) 17 100 281 15 4 15 500 176 10 4.5 10.5 30 326 15 Average Unit cost including shipment (₺) In house production cost per unit (₺) Outsourced production cost per unit (₺) The Marketplace 9 5 Customized product 6 2.98 Product Category “Fun and Cool” product Source: Eurkeka 5 This document is authorized for use only by Haider Madani in 2020. For the exclusive use of H. Madani, 2020. EUREKA.COM BAB467 / APRIL 2019 Exhibit 6. Financial Statements INCOME STATEMENTS (thousand ₺) 2015 23402,5 2016 26327,8 2017 27644,2 2018 24879,8 6318,7 6582,0 6358,2 7463,9 17083,8 19745,9 21286,1 17415,9 3510,4 4739,0 5805,3 5473,6 6435,7 7240,2 7049,3 5598,0 904,1 963,6 1115,5 1225,0 6233,7 6803,1 7316,0 5119,4 445,3 732,5 1448,3 2150,2 Earnings Before Tax 5788,4 6070,5 5867,7 2969,2 Tax (22%) 1273,4 1335,5 1290,9 653,2 Net Income 4514,9 4735,0 4576,8 2316,0 Sales Cost of Goods Sold all variable Gross Profit General & Admin. Expenses all variable Marketing&Distribution Exp. all variable Depreciation EBIT Interest BALANCE SHEET (thousand ₺) ASSETS 2015 Cash 379 2016 667,4 Marketable Sec. 469 800 1200 2200,1 A/R 3343,2 3250,4 3730,7 3554,3 Inventories 1263,7 1645,5 1816,6 3732,0 Total Current Assets 5455,0 6363,2 7836,3 10086,3 Gross Fixed Asset 9945 10600 12270 13475 Accumulated Dep. 3611,0 4574,6 5690,1 6915,1 Net Fixed Asset 6334,0 6025,4 6579,9 6559,9 Total Asset 11789,0 12388,6 14416,2 16646,2 LIABILITIES N/P 2015 940,8 2016 1393,7 2017 2286,4 2018 3185,4 A/P 902,7 940,3 785,0 982,1 396 565 677,0 1805,0 Total Short Term Liabilities 2239,4 2899,0 3748,4 5972,5 Long Term Liabilities 2239,9 2675,9 3748,2 3981,8 Total Liabilities 4479,8 5574,9 7496,4 9954,5 Common Equity and Paid-in Capital 3000,0 3000,0 3000,0 3000,0 Retained Earnings 4309,2 3813,7 3919,8 3691,7 Total Shareholder’s Equity 7309,2 6813,7 6919,8 6691,7 Total Liab. & Shrhold Equ. 11789,0 12388,6 14416,2 16646,2 Accrued Expenses Source: Eureka 6 This document is authorized for use only by Haider Madani in 2020. 2017 1089 2018 600 ...
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Running Head: CASE STUDY


Case Study Analysis:



Case Study Analysis:
Esra Maya is the CEO and founder of (Eureka). The company is located in
Istanbul, Turkey. It specializes in the provision of customized gifts to individuals as well as
professional marketing products for other companies. Besides, the company advertises products
for artists and markets. By 2018, Eureka had more than 15,000 products on its site (Babson
College, 2019). Eureka has grown significantly and needs restructuring its business model. The
following discussion is a case analysis for Eureka.
Background of the Case
Eureka serves a wide range of customers, which requires the CEO to divide her attention
and resources between different categories of the market. Maya had identified the dynamics and
opportunities for offering products with low margin. However, the variation in the needs of the
customers resulted in the complications of the order fulfilment process. Maya had invested in the
establishment of sales outlets in shopping malls across the city, but the venture failed. She
realized the need for growing organically and readjusting the supply side of her company.
The management team was requested to survey the market and demand forecast. Maya
was exploring the segment that would differentiate her brand and the need for an operational
strategy for increasing the number of stock-keeping units (SKUs). The findings of the survey
suggested that marketplace products such as trademark designs and artist drawings could make
up the sales in 2019 and a maximum 30% in total sales with a weekly variation of 278 (Babson
College, 2019). Customized products could make 60% of total sales with a deviation of 348, with
“fun and cool” orders making up to 20% of the sales with a variation of 70. It was apparent that



Eureka was growing rapidly and needed the operations needed to serve the different segment as
well as their growth and earning potentials.
Eureka was facing a problem of investment. It was apparent that the company needed a
more systematic business model to address its growth challenge. Despite being funding in 2012
to buy printing machines, acquiring its largest competitor and maximizing its operations, it failed
to achieve the targeted brand recognition (Babson College, 2019). As a result, the company shut
down its physical channels in 2014 since the outlets did not generate enough revenue. The
company required holding on-location inventory and management of new distribution networks
to run these stores. In conclusion, the management of Eureka established that online and physical
channels required managerial skills and experience in marketing and managing operations, which
promoted to focus on online sales.
The company should address the problem of investment by focusing on its strength. As a
business grows, it needs to leverage areas of uniqueness and strength, and the need for
capitalizing on the factor that makes the business stand out from the competitors (Gold, 2018).
Eureka has established that it has a competitive advantage in using the online channel. The
company needs to entice and engage the audience with benefits that are oriented to its strength.
An example is improving customer experience by developing an app that improves their
engagement with the company. The company needs to invest in business intelligence. It involves
the collection of information that pertain all the aspects of the company. The infomation can
include expectations of customers, the supply chain, as well as the forces of demand and supply.
This strategy is necessary as a business grows since its operations become more complex.



Business intelligence can support Eureka in maximizing efficiency in gathering and analyzing
business intelligence to make informed decisions. When used productively, the strategy can
support sustained and large scale growth of a company, which is the foundation of efficiency and
Eureka was facing a growth challenge. In 2016, the company channelled 500...

CASIMIR (26452)
Carnegie Mellon University

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