Humanities
WR 150 Boston University Lais of Marie De France Research Paper

wr 150

Boston University

WR

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Write a research paper on Lais of Marie de France, annotated bibliography is done.

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Research Paper Assignment Purpose: This essay builds upon skills introduced in the first paper by asking you to combine your close readings of a text with substantial research in order to enlarge the scope and complexity of your argument. Ultimately, this project serves as a culmination to your WR 120-150 experience. Assignment: In an essay of a minimum 2500 words and a maximum of 3000 words (not including works cited), write an argument on any of the texts we have read in class of your choosing. You must use at least one exhibit source and four argument sources in your final version. Format: Standard MLA format (Times New Roman, 12pt font, double-spaced). Document all source material correctly using MLA in-text citation, and include a Works Cited. In addition to turning in a paper copy in class, you must upload a copy of your revision cover letter and final draft as a single Word .doc file to our Blackboard TurnItIn page, titled [your last name] Research Paper. Due Dates Outline: Friday, March 20th (paper copy, in class). Rough Draft (introduction and two body paragraphs): Monday, March 23rd (paper copy, in class). Full Rough Draft: Monday, March 30th (paper copy, in class). Final Version: Friday, April 3rd (paper copy, in class and uploaded to Blackboard). Comments To complete this assignment successfully you must: ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Compose a standard form introduction Demonstrate components of an academic argument: claims, reasons, evidence, analysis Demonstrate correct and contextual use of literary terminology Demonstrate acknowledgment and response to alternative interpretations Demonstrate purposeful and ethical use of all source material (B.E.A.M) Demonstrate correct quotation, integration, and MLA citation of all source material Demonstrate mechanical and grammatical correctness The argument sources you read will often acknowledge previous scholarship, invoke theory sources, and use critical jargon. I do not expect you to be familiar with these, though better essays will seek to become so. I do expect you to be able to summarize and evaluate the writer’s analytical claims about the exhibit sources under discussion. When reading argument sources pay close attention to footnotes and works cited lists, and jot down key terms or phrases to generate further research. Better essays will demonstrate exemplary usage of literary terminology in their close readings. Better essays will not necessarily be at the upper end of the word count, but will use a variety of source material purposefully. Please do remember: research should not supplant your argument about or analysis of the exhibit sources. While argument sources might be your main focus during the exploratory phase, you might also engage with research from background sources: ➢ Historical, political, or cultural context of the texts and exhibit sources ➢ Related literary or artistic movements ➢ Related psychology, sociology, theology, or philosophy ...
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Li 1
Jiaru Li
Professor Hertz
WR150
27 March, 2020

Thesis Statement: In Marie de France's Lais, the motif of the bird is used as a figure of her
laws.
The use of human-animal transformations in the Lais of Marie de France arises from
an oral-storytelling tradition in which animals were linked to certain human behaviors or
characteristics. Crowing roosters, singing birds, hunting dogs, and assorted horses appear in
Marie's Lais to position action in an environment known to a courtly public. Birds,
specifically, emerge in 27 fables out the 102 (Bruckner 158). Marie not only uses this animal
to amuse and engage us but also to make us curious. Why did Marie choose such creatures?
Why did Marie choose such bird figures for her laws? How did the birds associate with
Marie's lais?
The collection of birds in the Fables comprises hen, jay, sparrows, seagull, owl,
jackdaw, titmouse, cuckoo, nightingale, peacock, hawk, dove, swallow, raven, crow, eagle,
crane, kite, and cock. Even though the aviary included does not include exotic animals such
as dragons and lions as seen in other fables, it does offer an idea of the known nature of a
majority of the animals included in the fable's forests, clearings, ponds, yards, and barn-yards.
There arises an argument regarding Marie's placement of the last and first fables,
increasing the outside frame of epilogue and prologue with a narrative combination that

Li 2
appropriately frames everything by fabling on the kind of the fables. A hen that continues
searching for food even if its mistress offers a full daily ration perfectly mirrors a rooster on
his dung heap looking for food and instead discovers a gem. Collectively, they form two
issues that define Marie's use of birds in her collection (Glyn 245). One concern arises from
the combination of epimythium and narrative when performing birds reflect instances of
human hierarchies and social world. The other issue stems from the continuous slippage
between the human and the bird.
In Milun and Laustic, there contains a range of experiences which include, the brief
moment in time of the other, the fuller story of one, the sorrowful ending of the other, the
joyous ending for one, the barrenness of another, and the fruitfulness of one woman. In spite
of the disparities, there are also key similarities between the two. Both portray the use of
birds, the Laustic’s nightingale and Milun’s swan, as messengers, that comfort and reinforce
the lovers in a setting that is unreceptive to their affection, and the dilemma of the married
woman who falls in love with someone else other than her husband. Marie is keen not to alter
the natural purpose of the aviary, but to employ their natural environment to develop the
bonds. In the two lais, she makes use of the birds that comprise a variety of symbolic
connections from which she can gather to make the image more textured and richer.
In Marie's Lais, Laustic is possibly the most anthologized, to a great extent due to its
brevity and denseness. Marie uses only160 lines to create a small gem, filled with intensity
and meaning. The two lover's story is famous. Even though there is a garden dividing the two
houses, the two lovers cannot meet there since the woman is the wife of a cruel, jealous man.
They only stare at each other and communicate from...

Dr_ConnorK (2633)
Cornell University

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