PHIL 202 College of Southern Idaho Second Treatise and Paternal Power Discussion

PHIL 202

College of Southern Idaho


Question Description

I need help with a Philosophy question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.


Philosophy 202

Required Texts

The following texts are all required, and may be purchased at the university bookstore.

Descartes, Rene. Discourse on Method

Frankfurt, Harry. Reasons of Love

Kant, Immanuel. Perpetual Peace

Locke, John. Second Treatise on Government

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Discourse on Inequality

Shakespeare. The Tempest

Machiavelli. The Prince

Select other texts as needed.

these are the readings Questions

Locke chapters 6 and 7

Locke Second Treatise 8 - 12 Questions

Locke chapters 13,15,18, and 19

each file separated okay for each reading

so each Questions 100 word except that Q with 3 parts

lastly if you have any question feel free to ask me any time.

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Philosophy Discussion Questions
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Philosophy Discussion Questions
Chapter 6
1.In what sense is there any inequality among men if all me are equal? How can he
reconcile our inequalities with our equality? Is he correct in his analysis? Why?
According to chapter 6, Locke discusses the aspect of paternal power, which refers to the
notion of bestowing too much authority to men. Locke points out that some situations cause
power-sharing inequalities in a society where men are given a higher privilege than women.
Ideally, Locke claims that alliances, place of birth, excellence, virtues, and age, amongst other
factors, favors one person over the other (Locke, 1989). According to the Second Treatise
Government, one of the best ways of merging our inequalities is by abiding with the laws of
nature, which treats all people equally. In my opinion, I think Locke is right in his analysis
because it is the reasoning capability that people can understand that they were brought on earth
on an equal basis.
2. What is the end of the law, and how is it related to freedom? Is law a limitation on
freedom, or is it a necessity of our freedom?
According to Locke, the end of law is by abiding by the rules accepted in the society,
which are mandated to preserve and extend autonomy. Locke claims that every state with people,
laws must be established to govern them in doing what is right. In light of this, Locke
demonstrates a clear link between law and freedom by mentioning that a country with no laws
does not have freedom (Locke, 1989). In his definition of law, Locke mentions that it is not a
limitation but a guide to a free and intelligent man to exercising his rights as stipulated in the



laws of the state. As such, a law is just a necessity that makes life orderly. However, actions must
be guided by reason, as proposed in the Discourse on the Method.
3. What is the source of a parent’s power? What is its end? What are its limits? Why does
this power only extend to these matters?
Locke argues that the source of parents’ power over their young ones emanates from the
duty they have in looking after them. In light of Locke’s view, a child is born without the ability
to comprehend and reason. For this reason, the child’s parents have to exercise their power over
him or her until maturity. According to Locke (2020), maturity marks the end of a parent’s
power over the child because, at this stage, they have grown into adults with the ability to reason.
The limits of a parent’s power over a child are that when the child becomes of age, parents do
not have absolute rights to control such properties, life, or even their actions. Ideally, the limits
extend only up to maturity because it is at this stage when the grownups exercise their freedom
and rationality.
Chapter 7
Present a summary of conjugal society, its origin, end, and extent. Does he digress on this
society’s “longer conjunction.”
By definition, a conjugal society refers to the type of society where the powers of men
and women are equal. Locke differentiates conjugal society from a political society, where the
servant and the master have asymmetrical powers. According to Locke, although the powers of
the woman or the man are not completely absolute, at least they have equal powers in the
household. Ideally, this is in accordance with the Second Treatise, where men and women have
equal rights powers in raising the children (Locke, 2020). The origin of conjugal society,
according to Locke, is in the biblical stories of creation where a man and woman were created



with the goal of procreation. In light of this, conjugal society is restricted in a family setting. The
end and extent of conjugal society occurred when the couple divorced, and the remaining parent
has all the power over the children. In my opinion, Locke does not digress on society’s longer
conjunction because marriages are expected to last longer. As such, this matches my
expectations of conjugal society.
What is there required to be a political society, and why? (#87-89) What specific powers
does it have, and what are its origins? How far does its power extend?
For a society to qualify to be a political society, a large proportion of the population
accepts to pass their rights to few people. Another feature that makes a society political is the
aspect of law. Laws must exist to define what is right and wrong to determine the reward for
each. The specific powers that a political society has to include passing sanctions on the
wrongdoers (Locke, 2020). The Second Treatise asserts that the origins of powers of a political
society originate from the government. The powers of a political society extend up to the
establishment of frameworks that guide social contracts in the society and developing
mechanisms of enforcing them.
Why cannot an absolute monarchy be a political society?
Monarchy refers to a situation where the powers of society are vested in one person
alone. Whatever this person says becomes a law. There is no other to whom he or she is
accountable to since this person is the custodian of power. For this reason, Locke claims that
absolute monarchy cannot be a political society due to the inconsistency of power. In a political
society, people must agree on a set of laws that should govern them (Locke, 2020). Ideally, this
is in contrast to the usual convention of a monarchy system. Lock concludes by claiming that



since a monarchy does not allow subjects to exercise their civic rights, absolute monarchy can
never be a...

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New York University

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