Lab Assignment # 5
Tourism, Recreation and Water
“While water is the foundational resource for a range of tourist activities, from beach visits
and swimming, to boating and fishing, to diving and snorkelling or just ‘cooling down’ at
water theme parks, the diverse functions of water embedded in a holiday product are often
less obvious, as are the full water requirements and costs involved to make available this
resource.” (Gössling, Hall and Scott 2015, xix).
In this lab you will be exploring the relationship between tourism, recreation and water. As
indicated by, Gössling, Hall, and Scott (2015) water is not only important in tourist
activities, and destination marketing, fresh water is also needed for food and drink
consumption, to fill swimming pools, irrigate gardens and golf courses, do laundry but also
for hygienic purposes such as showers, flushing toilets, hand washing and cleaning the
resort. When people travel abroad, many purchase bottled water over concerns about water
quality and thereby contribute to plastic waste. Climate change is also causing an impact on
the marine environments used by the tourism industry.
Gössling, S., Hall, C.M. and Scott, D. (2015) Tourism and Water. Channel View Publications.
NOTE: If a web link does not open automatically, copy the web link and paste it in a Google
Crome web browser.
Impacts of tourism on water and the environment
Watch the video below on the Great Barrier Reef and answer the following questions.
(Video title: Visit the Great Barrier Reef – posted by Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, 3:15)
1. What are the potential impacts of tourists on the water and on the Great Barrier Reef?
2. What can tourists do to limit their impact on the Great Barrier Reef?
3. Read the following news article (see link below) about a beach closure in Thailand. Why
did they close the beach and do you think these types of closures are effective?
Ellis-Peterson, H. (2018) Thailand Bay made famous by The Beach closed
indefinitely. The Guardian 3 October.
Climate change and tourism endangering coral reefs
The Dominican Republic depends heavily on the tourism industry. Watch the video below
on the Coral Gardens conservation project in The Dominican Republic and answer the
(Web Page Article Title: Climate Change and tourism endangering coral reefs posted on
1. What are the impacts of climate change shown in the video?
2. How is water being used by the tourism industry as shown in the video?
3. How does the Coral Gardens conservation project in The Dominican Republic work
and what challenges does the project face?
Mass Tourism and Water Use
The following article focuses on the relationship between mass tourism and water use in
the Costa Brava in Spain. The authors examine water use in hotels in a high-density area.
The study was conducted through face-to-face interview led surveys of 53 hotels. Read the
following article and answer the questions below.
Gabarda-Lammorqui, A., Garcie, X. and Ribas, A. (2017) Mass tourism and water efficiency in
the hotel industry: A case study. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 61
(February 2017) 82-93.
You can access the article by the link below or paste the title of the article in the OMNI
search engine in the Brock University Library webpage.
1. In Section 2 of the article (Literature Review), the authors name three main
categories to identify the factors that influence the use of water by hotels
worldwide. These categories are: (1) physical characteristics, (2) facilities and
leisure structures that require water, and (3) business and environmental
management models. For each of these three main categories, identify some
examples of how water use can be measured or examined.
2. Section 5 of the article presents the Results of the study and Section 6 presents the
Conclusion. Identify at a minimum three interesting findings from the article and
indicate what use these three findings could be to those responsible for water use
management working either in a hotel or in government.
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