I need support with this Film question so I can learn better.
1. Describe the film in detail and discuss what you learned from the film.
2. Then analyze how the film connects/applies to one of the chapters from our textbook and how it connects to at least one of our key terms from the semester.
Write 500 word
Slide 1: Welcome to Module 10. This week, we will be moving forward in time from last week’s discussion of Indian Removal in the southeastern states in the 1830s, to the California Gold Rush of the 1850s and westward Expansion of the United States.
Slide 2: Map of California Indian tribes.
Slide 3: Before we can discuss the California Gold Rush, we must discuss the Spanish colonization of California, the Mission Systems, and their effects on California Indians. Please click on the hyperlink provided on this slide to watch a short 7 minute video on California Native Perspectives of the California Missions.
Slide 4: Although Spanish colonization and missionization of California began in the mid to late 1700s, the Zebulon M. Pike Expedition marked the beginning of the United States Colonization of what was considered North Mexico. From 1806-1807, during Jefferson’s presidency, Pike and a small group of soldiers were gathered to illegally enter “Spanish” territory to gather information to later be used for military invasion.
Slide 5: Under the guise of being “lost,” Pike’s crew “discovered” Pike’s peak and built a fort in present-day southern Colorado (during the same year as Lewis and Clark’s expedition into Louisiana Purchase territory.) Pike and his men were captured by Spanish officials and taken to Chihuahua, Mexico.
Slide 6: Throughout the expedition, Pike and his men observed and took notes on North Mexico, locations, resources, military, etc, and their findings were published in The Expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike in 1810. Before Pike’s publication, US merchants showed little interest in trading in Mexico.
Slide 7: After three centuries of Spanish colonization, the new republic of Mexico emerged from war as a liberated nation in 1821. However, Mexico was in a weak position to defend territory against U.S. aggression, and the U.S. saw the perfect opportunity for expansion without European imperialist powers in the way.
Slide 8: Once independent, Mexico immediately opened borders for trade (previously not allowed by Spanish authorities), and U.S. traders based in St. Louis began extending their business to New Mexico. U.S. traders would help pave the way to U.S. political control of northern Mexico. Christopher Houston “Kit” Carson of New Mexico also played a major role In a success of U.S. invasion of northern Mexico by attracting and monopolizing on fur trade with Indigenous trappers with the ultimate goal of U.S. annexation.
Slide 9: U.S. citizen residents laid the groundwork for annexation of Mexico in Texas and California as well. From 1813-1828, laws authorizing private property land grants in the province of Texas were enacted, which allowed for the granting of land to individuals, including foreigners. Many grants were sought by and granted to slave-owning Anglo-American entrepreneurs, despite slavery being illegal in Mexico. Anglo slave-owners began dominating the province, which led to Mexico’s loss of Texas in 1836, during Jackson’s presidency, which is the time period where we left off last week.
Slide 10: In sum, information gathered by the Pike expedition, led to the infiltration and settlement of Northern provinces, occupation by U.S. entrepreneurs, and ultimately military invasion and war. The U.S. occupied Mexico City until the Mexican government agreed to cede its northern territories in the 1848 Treaty of Guadalipe Hidalgo, leading to the establishment of the following U.S. states: Texas, California, Nevada, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Slide 11: In early 1848, just days after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, ending the Mexican-American War, gold nuggets were found in Sacramento valley at Sutter’s Mill. News of gold discovery spread, leading to thousands of would-be gold miners traveling over land across mountains or by sea (through Panama or around Cape Horn.)
Slide 12: In California, the settler population went from 800 in 1848 to an estimated 100,000 by 1849. This rapid increase in settler population eventually sped of up the process of California achieving statehood by 1850. Gold seekers from all over the world brought disease, starvation, rape, torture, and death to Indigenous peoples in the sought-after goldfields all while wiping out food sources and natural resources. U.S. occupation and settlement exterminated more than 100,000 California Native peoples by 1870. Throughout the readings this week, we will learn more details about the California Missions and the Gold Rush as well as the ways in which California Natives actively resisted the horrors of both. We will also consider the ways in which these events connect to our key term “Manifest Destiny,” and we will also learn about the lasting ripple effects that these horrific times have had on the U.S. education system and on California Natives today.