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South University Model v Role of A Theory in Informing Practice Change Paper

South University

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1. Compare and contrast the role of a model versus the role of a theory in informing practice change. Note: List at least three differences and three similarities.
2. Based on your answer above, describe how both components stand-alone and work synergistically at the same time in guiding practice change? In your response provide at least two specific detailed examples.


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1. Compare and contrast the role of a model versus the role of a theory in informing practice change. Note: List at least three differences and three similarities. There are many differences in a model versus theory informed practice change. Practice changes in healthcare today are mostly all changes utilizing evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP is the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise, including internal evidence, and patient values to facilitate clinical decision making (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). EBP can encompass nursing and health discipline theories. Three differences of a model informed practice change versus a theory based practice change is the systematic approach that a model promotes, a scientific approach proven by recent research exists or is planned, and a reflection is performed of whether the practice change was successful and/or needs revision prior to disseminating results and enrolling the change into practice. A significant difference is model informed practice is based on current and future research/studies to promote change whereas theory informed is based on past models and past results that have been proven effective. Three similarities of a model informed and theory informed practice change are that a need for change is identified, prior outcomes and/or effective approaches are considered, and both models and theories are used to help guide practice. 2. Based on your answer above, describe how both components stand-alone and work synergistically at the same time in guiding practice change? In your response provide at least two specific detailed examples. Model informed practice change and theory informed practice change can stand alone or be used synergistically. One example is that practice change can take place using solely a model or solely a theory that has be recognized as beneficial in promoting the change the workplace needs. Model and Theory informed practice can work synergistically as well. A second example uses Jean Watson's Human Caring theory. Durant, McDermott, Kinney, and Triner (2015) note that Jean Watson’s Human Caring theory can be translated across disciplines to provide high-quality health care services and to improve the health of our members and the communities we serve. For example, Jean Watson’s theory can be used to reinforce value-based purchasing by exhibiting that patients are more apt to feel cared for and included in their health when providers take the time and effort to care for them and involve the patient in their treatment plan. This can potentially have a positive effect on the patient’s perspective of the care they receive and improve value-based purchasing and reimbursement. This theory can be used independently or paired with a model informed approach to use workplace data to identify areas that can be improved upon. Imagine a workplace, such as a hospital setting, attempting to improve their patient satisfaction scores used for insurance and Medicare reimbursement. They can follow the steps of a model (such as The Iowa Model discussed in our reading) by identifying the problem, form a committee, research ways and/or areas to be improved upon (in addition to consideration of Jean Watson’s theory), pilot the changes, and after a period of time piloting the changes, reflect whether or not there was improvement in the patient satisfaction surveys, and implement or revise the changes accordingly (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). The hospital facility where I previously was employed would often pilot changes on the medicalsurgical floors and depending on the outcomes, implement or revise aspects to promote change of practice and policy facility-wide. ...
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Model Versus
by Prof A

Submission date: 26-Mar-2020 07:48AM (UTC-0500)
Submission ID: 1282457214
File name: Model_versus_the_Role_of_a_Theory.docx (20.78K)
Word count: 555
Character count: 3203

Model Versus
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Running head: MODEL VS THEORIES

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Model versus the Role of a Theory
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MODEL VS THEORIES

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Model versus the Role of a Theory

Theories and models are used in nursing to influence the quality of care and offer nurses
a point of references that they can use to guide their decision-making. The nursing profession
requires systematic applicati...

Prof_Alfred (12596)
University of Virginia

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