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WRITING PROJECT 3: PROPOSAL AND ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY (6-7 pages)
3/17-3/24 (HW12) Conferences-- Meet with our course librarian at your scheduled time; library research sheet due at your instructor conference
Tuesday, 3/17 (HW10) Research Question Declaration Day; Bring two annotations to class and upload.
Thursday, 3/19 (HW11) Bring a draft of your proposal to class and upload.
3/20-3/24 Conferences--Bring a revised and printed draft to discuss during your conference. (Draft should consist of proposal and at least 5 annotated sources.) (Conference with librarian and instructor count for class attendance on 3/24 and 3/26)
Thursday, 3/26 Final Draft: Revise, submit to Canvas (WP3). Note: you will not have the option to revise this writing project.
The point of Writing Project 3 is to locate and synthesize at least 8 relevant sources that you plan to use in your final research paper, as well as to organize and map the goals of your research-based essay in a one to two-page proposal. In writing a proposal, you should be able to arrive at two conclusions: why you have chosen to address this specific topic; and how you plan to contemplate this topic in a meaningful and comprehensive way. The proposal should also create a point of reference, guiding the choices you will make in investigating specific sources, and it should evolve as you complete that research, reflecting your most recent thoughts as you become more knowledgeable in your area of inquiry. The topic you will explore should have some relation to the issues we’ve been exposed to this semester.
Part I: Proposal
Your 1-2-page research proposal should address the following questions in essay format: (1) What problem or question do you intend to address (i.e., what is your research question)? Phrase this as a question in the proposal. (2) How is this question connected to a documentary you viewed for the class? (3) Why is this an interesting question? Why does it matter? (4) Who is talking about it? What academic disciplines explore this question and what methods do they use? (5) What is your current thesis, even though it will continue to evolve?
Part II: Annotated Bibliography
Also complete an annotated bibliography of at least eight relevant, appropriate, and reliable primary and secondary sources. Sources like Wikipedia, encyclopedias, dictionaries, and news overviews are not acceptable. The majority of your sources should come from scholarly (not popular) publications. Try to include research that takes a variety of opinions and perspectives about your topic into account.
Provide an MLA-style or APA-style citation for each source (remember to remain consistent throughout the bibliography). Under each citation, provide a 125-175 word annotation that:
Briefly summarizes the source (book, chapter, article, interview, etc.)
Identifies the piece’s argument (or main point)
Relies primarily on your own words and phrasing (use summary and paraphrase and limit yourself to one direct quote per annotation)
Discusses the source’s strengths and weaknesses. For instance, does the item offer a good introduction to the issue? Does the item deal with a particular aspect of the issue that is especially relevant to the problem you plan to address in your proposal? Do you find the piece accessible or is it geared to a more specialized audience? Etc.
Describes how the piece will contribute to your project.
1-What problem or question do you intend to address?
How does it look like to be farmers?
2-How is this question connected to a documentary you viewed for the class?
The average age of North American farmers today approaches 60 years. This is a great concern because it seems there are no young farmers to replace the ageing workforce. The future is uncertain because the agricultural sector has pointed out a gap between consumers and farmers.
3-Why is this interesting question? Why does it matter?
Farming is a profession like medicine and teaching. However, to be farmer one needs more passion than the papers to volunteer in the organic farms. For this reason, the generational gap between ageing farmers and younger generation appears too big. Despite the fact that productivity increases with experience, there is shortage of younger farmers to replace them.
4-Who is talking about it? What academic disciplines explore this question and what methods do they use?
Dairy science, agricultural economists and farm managers are talking about. They use statistics to represent regression between age groups and relative performance.
5-What is your current thesis, even though it will continue to evolve?
Farming takes volunteering, rather than profession.
FTMY, 2016. Age Of The Farmer – Food To Meet You... [online] Food to meet you. Available at: https://www.foodtomeetyou.com/age-of-the-farmer/ [Accessed 17 March 2020].
In 2016, FTMY spencer MacDonald and Eva Verbeeck went on a trip throughout the Pacific Northwest, where major U.S farms exist. The main objective of the trip was to determine 'the age of the farmer.' The five-minute edited video establishes that the average age of the farmer is 65 years. This age bracket is very difficult to replace. The study explains how the authors set up their trip and moved to north. As it states, 'Having spent much time WWOOFing on organic farms, he knew the importance of this mission. So they loaded their iPods with old bluegrass music and set off in a 1990 Nissan Truck, heading from Portland to British Columbia.' One limitation of the study is that there is no evidence of empirical research on how they determined the average of the farmers. I expected to see visual statistical analysis showing how they arrived at the figure.
Tauer, L. (1995). Age and farmer productivity. Review of Agricultural Economics, 63-69.
A common belief is that farming productivity increases with age reaches a peak and then starts to reduce further with age. Tauer's study estimates the relationship between farmer productivity with age. The study procedure assumes that different famers within a locality display efficiency while utilizing technology in farming. The efficiencies are estimated for each of the ten agriculturally producing regions, and efficacies vary from 5 to 10 for every ten years from 35-44 intervals. Areas in the southeast have no changes with age, while the west shows a lower efficiency. Generally, the article supports the notion above. The article is important because farmers and productivity have significant implications for the survival of beginning farmers. The study integrates statistical regression and mathematical models to establish the relationship.