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Project Description Emergency Relief Policy and Program Context Essay

Question Description

I don’t understand this Management question and need help to study.

1Political empowerment project;

2 SUSTP(State Urban Small Town Project);

3Emergency Relief;

4HIV/Aids Health Programme;

5NGO Vocational Training Project;

6Public Private Sector pilot

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Development Projects and Programmes: Assignment 2020 There is one 3,000 word assignment which is to do with a Project Proposal –details later- which is due on a date to be confirmed (50% marks). This is an exercise that involves the majority of the techniques covered in the module. You will be asked to work up a project proposal from a range of potential options in an imaginary developing country. Background to the State of Maendeleo: All the projects are in an imaginary state of Maendeleo in South Asia. Maendeleo has a large population of approximately 80 million. It has its own coastline and access to the sea. It coastal belt is relatively flat and potentially exposed to cyclones. It has a range of climatic regions but is broadly sub-tropical and tropical to semi-arid. It has a distinct rainy season and dry season with a typical Asian monsoon climate. It also lies on a major geological fault line. Maendeleo has a range of agricultural systems and related population densities. The Costal area is mainly associated with Rice Production and is densely populated. Meanwhile other areas of the State are less densely populated and are semi-arid. The capital city has a population of 7 million and is an important centre for IT, software development, manufacturing and the service sector. There is a relatively balanced urban hierarchy with three urban centres in the 1-3 million range and some level of devolution of industrial and service activity. Nevertheless the IT sector is concentrated in the capital. The main system of local Government is the District. In total there are 43 Districts – both urban and rural. The local Government is responsible for primary health and education, and economic development. The country is a multi-party and competitive political system with broadly two main political parties. It has a good democratic reputation – historically with losing governments accepting defeat without any problems. Nevertheless the politics are to a large extent dominated by patronage and there is a moderate level of corruption. Politically the country is quite nationalist and it is relatively easy for opposition parties to criticize the national government for the “shame” of accepting foreign assistance. There is a vibrant and well organised Civil Society organization which includes local NGOs, Trade Unions and Faith based groups. The State Governor (the political leader of the party in control) is one of the few politicians in the region (South and South East Asia) that takes HIV/Aids as a series problem and is widely admired by the international community for this political stand. He is also alert to the importance of the IT sector and the potential negative effects of climate change. Overall Maendeleo is a low to middle income country although it still has significant poverty issues. The latest data suggest that 30% of the Population are below the poverty line in the rural areas of Maendeleo while the equivalent urban figure is 25%. Life expectancy is 67 for women and 65 for men. The education and skills are relatively good with literacy rates of 87% for men and 73% for women. Maendeleo also has a relatively well developed tertiary education sector. This means that there is a surplus of professionally and technically qualified labour; indeed Maendeleo has a significant but modest stream of migrants who hold down well qualified positions in the North and in the Gulf States. Furthermore there is a small but thriving local consultancy business. Maendeleo is also composed of different ethnic and linguistic groups; different religions; caste groups and a small but significantly disadvantaged group of forest dwellers who have not historically been associated with settled agriculture. Nevertheless this diversity is usually not a source of tension or conflict; however it can on occasions be mobilised by populist politicians, especially in urban areas. The religious divide is potentially more problematic than the class or caste differences. While gender relations have improved the State remains broadly patriarchal and women (and children) remain disadvantaged. While the level of security is good there remain pockets of militant politics and terrorist activity and gender based violence is still fairly common. Ulaya Aid The Ulaya Aid is the aid agency (bilateral) of a European State. It has a medium sized office in the capital city that is responsible for its aid programme. Its management responsibilities vary on a project by project basis depending upon local circumstances and other factors; these vary from directly managing projects; to sub-contraction to other situations where its role is simply monitoring and evaluation. In practice it broadly but not exclusively follows the Guidelines associated with the EU Project Cycle Guidelines (2004). Ulaya is a member state of the European Union. In Policy terms it has a very strong commitment to the following objectives: • • • • • • A commitment to donor Harmonisation and the Paris 2005 Declaration A commitment to the SDGs Poverty reduction and the empowerment of Women The importance of Environmental sustainability and climate change A commitment to Democracy and Human Rights A commitment to Value for Money and a commitment to illustrate success to its voters in Europe Your task is to work up one of the following ideas into a project proposal for funding from your HQ in Europe. Potential Projects Political empowerment project This project is a project that is aimed at political empowerment. This will involve the Donor agency in collaboration with a local agency in funding Civil Society Organization (CSO) to lobby the State Government to make it a) more accountable and responsive to the poor and b) improve its service delivery for the poor. The CSOs will be funded on basis of competitive applications to fund their work. The grants that can be awarded are in the range of £100,000 to £150,000 per annum to any CSO organization. The grants will only cover 50% of the relevant activity in any application; the remaining 50% must be met by the CSO. The Donor is particularly concerned that this process should be seen to be transparent. In addition it is very eager to be able to account for its funds and how they are spent. It is estimated that the project overall budget will be in the region of £4 million over a five year period. The mechanism for channelling the funds to the relevant CSOs is currently under review; at present this is implemented by the Aid Agencies own staff but this is becoming problematic as they do not have at present sufficient resources, time and personnel allocated to this task. SUSTP (State Urban Small Town Project) SUSTP is a project which is concerned to support urban centres of between 100,000 and 250,000 in population. There are 24 such urban centres in the State. It is not anticipated that the project will support all 24 centres in this the first phase of the project. The project will provide for each small urban centre identified the following: funds to be used for a) basic infrastructure for slum improvement this is primarily funds for water supply, roads and drains. In addition there are funds (b) for technical support for the municipality to improve its revenue base by increased local taxation and improving the financial performance of the municipality. Finally there are funds (c) that can be used by relevant CSOs in supporting and improving urban service delivery. It is estimated that the overall budget is in the region of £20 million over five years. The water supply and roads for a typical slum is approximately£2 to £3 million in total. It is anticipated that the technical assistance support per small town will be in the region of £300,000 per annum for consultancy services to improve local revenue collection. For each town approximately £200,000 is the approximate annual figure for local CSOs. Emergency Relief The costal area of Maendeleo has recently suffered a major disaster from flooding as a result of a cyclone. An area of approximately 100 kms of coast up to a depth of three kms inland has been badly flooded. The flood has now ceased but there are major problems of rehabilitation: there has been some damage to the transport infrastructure: a substantial amount of housing has been destroyed; the agricultural sector of paddy rice has been badly affected and finally a large number of small enterprises have been destroyed. It is estimated that 50,000 individuals have been affected. This relief programme is to be primarily implemented by the Maendeleo government. It is estimated that 10 km of basic road needs to be rehabilitated and that this will cost £ 200,000 per km and will create some limited employment. 5km of this network is deemed as essential to facilitate the overall relief effort. Ulaya Aid seeks to work with the Maendeleo Government but also with local NGOs. The Government is committed to £3million which the Ulaya Aid will match with a contribution of £3million. There are also significant other Aid Agencies both donor and NGO working in the region. It is yet not clear how much funds they are committing; furthermore there are substantial problems of coordination. HIV/Aids Health Programme Ulaya Aid is eager to develop a HIV/Aids project in Maendeleo. This is seen as important as having a “demonstration effect” in the region that the pandemic can be addressed. The Programme will involve setting up a special unit in the Ministry of Health in the capital; it will also seek to work with the Ministry of Education on mainstreaming education on HIV/Aids throughout the state. There are also funds for providing ARVs on a pilot basis on a few selected Districts. There are also funds for HIV/Aids testing again on a pilot basis. The overall budget is £5 million while the figures, are not accurate the best estimates are that the infection rate is 1% to 2% of the population which is 8,000 to 16,000 people in an average district. A course of ARVs is estimated at £120 over five years per person in terms of the cost of the drugs. A health clinic to provide the ARVs and the testing will require £500,000 in capital costs and the annual staff costs are £100,000 to £200,000 depending upon the number of staff employed. NGO Vocational Training Project Ulaya Aid is seeking to scale up and replicate a successful NGO led Vocational Training project in one of the major slums in the capital city. The NGO Workfare International runs vocational training courses for young people (age 18-25) to train them in a practical skill –e.g. car mechanics, construction skills, and garment and cloth manufacturing- with a view to placing the individuals in permanent employment. It also gives them placements in local business which can give the trainees employment opportunities. Workfare has built up a series of partnerships with local employers who have supported the project. This has been built over the years and is partly based on a long term commitment to the slum and the charismatic leadership of the CEO of Workfare International. Ulaya Aid has earmarked £500,000 to support similar schemes in other slums and districts in the State. This will include Workfare International but also other International NGOs. As a guideline the existing Workfare training centre has an annual budget of £70,000 but this does not include the rent for its centre and payment for the majority of the training staff who are volunteers. It is estimated that annual rent in similar areas would be £20,000 in an urban area and £5,000 in a rural district. The cost of the training staff is approximately £20,000 in urban areas and £15,000 in rural areas. Public Private Sector pilot project for climate change. The project is to support innovation to support the climate change agenda of the Government of Maendeleo. The idea is to establish an agency at the centre that will fund pilot projects to address climate change. This will include mitigation projects –which aim to reduce the production of greenhouse gases but also adaption projects which aim to reduce the impact of the negative effects of climate change. (It is likely that these will be mainly to address extreme weather events.) Furthermore it is stated that the proposed projects with involve partnerships between the private and the public sector. It is anticipated that the majority of the projects will come from local government but other agencies –the private sector, faith based organisation and other third sector agencies- will be allowed to bid. The overall budget for this project is £20 million from Ulaya Aid. This must fund a central agency that will approve and monitor projects. There is also the provision of funds to support the development of bids but on a selective basis. It is intended that any potential bid will require quite a lot of support to work up and develop the proposals, given the complexity of the public private partnership that will be funded. No individual project will exceed £3 million and that no project will be funded of less than £500,000. The funding mechanism, the balance between mitigation and adaption projects is not pre-determined but it is expected that both will be funded and that there should be some representation of the different ecological regions of the country. Furthermore the criteria for project approval and the process remain to be determined. Section A: Proposal Your Proposal Broadly speaking you should follow the EU guidelines for a Project Concept note p.32. The box below is a modification of the EU guidelines. You should structure your application for funding using the following headings. 1. Policy and Programme context –this should include a simple statement of the context of the project. 2. Stakeholder analysis and discussion of who will be the beneficiaries of the project and the relevant stakeholders. 3. Preliminary project description –including an indicative Logical Framework 4. Indicative resource and cost implications –including an indicative budget 5. Discussion of the Management and implementation issues -including a simple Work Plan. 6. Finally a discussion of how the risks with the project identified in the above sections will be managed Your task is to work up one of the following ideas into a project proposal for funding from your HQ in Europe. The word total for the proposal should not exceed 3000 words (this includes all the elments of the proposal). Twende Project Proposal Policy and Programme Context Pasaka is a multi-country county in sub-Saharan Africa. The country's climate is harsh, and climate change will cause severe drought and flood events. Pasaka's main crop is maize, but there is also large-scale cultivation of sisal, sugar, coffee and tea. The country's population distribution mainly depends on annual rainfall. The country is multi-party and has a pluralistic and competitive political system. The Pasaka local government is responsible for basic services and local economic growth. This low- to middle-income African country has serious poverty challenges. About 45% of the population is below the poverty line in rural areas and 37% in urban areas. The country has enacted relevant laws to promote gender equality, but gender discrimination still exists in many areas. Education systems and infrastructure in some of the poorer areas of Pasaka are very underdeveloped. Nordic Aid is a Scandinavian aid agency, it will implement specific measures according to different actual conditions. Nordic aid tends to follow instructions related to the EU Project Cycle Guide (2004) and it has a strong commitment to self-defined goals. The goal of the Nordic aid broadly aligns with the actual situation in Pasaka. This project proposal for Twende will analyze the project plan from five aspects. To better implement the development plan, we conducted a stakeholder analysis. Each part of the plan has a different focus. The main beneficiaries are community residents, especially children, women, the elderly, farmers and businessmen. The county council is the target group for this project, and it will achieve common goals. The plan is mainly divided into three parts. The first is to strengthen the administrative management of county councils. The second is to strengthen local infrastructure construction, such as road construction and water conservancy projects. The third is to develop health and education. The plan's indicative budget is mainly divided into three areas, namely the different stages of the development project, the infrastructure and development projects of the three counties. To ensure that the plan can proceed smoothly, in terms of management, we will set up a project implementation unit. According to the specific aspects of the project, create posts in different categories, and recruit qualified personnel. In addition, we will use various implementation tools in this project. The project covers multiple parts, and different levels of problems will occur during the operation of each part. To ensure that the project is not affected, we will also conduct risk management. Stakeholder Analysis For the stakeholder analysis, a list of actors and interest groups have been prepared according to who might be affected and who can influence the project. Though the end users or beneficiaries are the same, that is the citizens of target areas, the project has three different components as already mentioned. These three components have some common stakeholders and some stakeholders affected by only one component. Stakeholder Table: Stakeholders Interests Likely impact Priority of the project Primary Stakeholders 1. Local community Improved public service + Better health + Quality education + Improved road communication Better water supply + Better health + Ease in collecting water + 3. Children Better Schooling + 1 4. Aged people Better health service + 1 5. Farmers Ensured water supply + 1 Improved roads to sell their crops to markets + Improved road communication + 2. Women 6. Traders 1 + 1 1 7. Local labour Opportunity for work + 1 Improved administrative capacity + 4 Secondary Stakeholder 8. County council Achieving common objectives + 9. Council staff Effective skills + 3 10. Project staff Getting employment and status + 2 Ownership of the project +/- 2 + 3 11. Local elites or community leaders 12. Consultancy firms Getting work opportunity and in-authority Status experts Reputation + + 13. Resource persons Job opportunities for training local government staff + 3 14. Teachers Job opportunity + 2 15. Medical staff or health service provider Job opportunity + 2 16. NGOs (health, Achieving common education, objectives agriculture, environment etc. related) + 1 17. Ministry of Local Government Achieving common objectives + 4 18. Ministry of Health Achieving common objectives + 3 19. Ministry of Education Achieving common objectives + 3 20. Ministry of Water Achieving common Resource objectives Management and Environment + 3 Matrix Classification of Stakeholders according to Importance and Interest: High *5 *3 *8 *(2, 4, 6) *1 Importanc e *10 *(13, 14, 15) *9 *12 *16 *7 *(17, 18, 19, 20) *11 Low Low High Influence Primary beneficiaries of the project are community people, particularly children, women, aged people, farmers and local traders. Health projects will provide special benefits to children, pregnant women, aged people and people with limited mobility. Education projects will focus on the children and illiterate adults. Water supply initiatives will ensure agricultural activities in the dry season which will benefit the farmers and it will provide safe drinking water for the households. Improving road communication will help the community to be connected with growth centres and access the public services and receiv ...
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Emergency Relief



Policy and Program Context
Early last year in February 2019, Khartoum experienced torrential rains that averaged 4271 mm rainfall in few days. The rain was heavy and witnessed since 2000, according to the Sudan
Metrological Survey. The rain caused in severe damage to many houses as well as infrastructure
services, including schools in various states in the country. The rains left large bodies of stagnant
water, not to mention contaminated wells and flooded latrines. Water and sewage systems were
damaged, leaving people vulnerable to malaria, respiratory, and gastric infections. Over 2,400
households were affected by the disaster leaving the country unable to contain the situation. The
government requires financial support to develop a restoration plan to ensure structural stability in
the infrastructure. The project will also reduce the future requirement of emergency relief.
The detailed post-disaster mitigation plan need coordinated measures from the
development partners. After the bank of the field office in the country was contacted, they
immediately arranged to tour the facilities in schools, to provide an instant confirmation regarding
the need for rehabilitation. The assessment was critical to ensure the credibility of the affected
schools. The assessment reported that the schools were not functional. Failure to undertake
emergency procedures will cause the academic calendar to be interrupted, and this could result in
a high number of dropouts. The high number of dropouts will jeopardize the afforded opportunities
for basic education offered by the affected schools. The emergency financial aid will help
rehabilitate schools, restore and improve sanitary conditions. The assistance will also help control
disease outbreak in schools’ campuses as well as homes. Financial aid request is considered
acceptable because it satisfies the eligibility criteria of the emergency procedures and guidelines
of humanitarian relief aid.
Project Description



The goal of the emergency aid is to cover two critical activities, including the restoration
of infrastructures and repairing facilities, not to mention acquiring materials and suppliers. The
school to benefit will require determination according to the degree of damage and deterioration.
The specific nature of humanitarian assistance was agreed by the government whereby the
implementation would be undertaken by the ministry of education in the state of Khartoum. The
rehabilitation of the affected school will cost about USD 3.5 million. The requested amount
represents 30 percent of all the funds. The federal and state government is mobilizing the
international and local resources to ensure the situation is under control.
The expected financial aid will help the country recover from the disaster and ensure the
conditions of the schools are back to normal. The funds will renovate school buildings, not to
mention developing facilities and grounds to ensure no further deterioration and collapse. The
funds will also help in disaster response and preparedness capability. It would aid in preparing the
emergency response to support the affected areas in the aftermath of the heavy rains. Moreover,
the funds will ensure the construction of two buildings equipped with training materials.
Furthermore, significant steps will be undertaken to ensure hygiene and sanitation among the
affected communities.

Problem Statement
The areas have been affected by floods for decades. The degree of the floods has been
increasing for years, resulting in overwhelming effects such as damage to properties, destruction
of the environment, schools, and facilities. Many people have experienced adverse effects,
including the interruption of schoo...

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