Health Medical
NURS 425 Anne Arundel Community College Surgical Site Infections Paper

NURS 425

Anne Arundel Community College

NURS

Question Description

Need help with my Nursing question - I’m studying for my class.

Scholarly Paper: Using the PICOT process, analyze a current nursing practice-related issues.Select an issue from your NURS 412 clinical practice and write a PICOT research question.

The scholarly paper should be typed, double spaced, 12 point, Times New Roman using APA format, and limited to 6 pages including title and reference pages. The references cannot be older than 2018.EVALUATION OF UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARLY PAPER RUBRIC WILL BE USED.

Support your position with references no older than 2018 from at least two peer reviewed journal reference articles.

Also use the attached rubric to ensure proper completion of the assignment

i have also attached samples as a guide do not plagiarize the sample.

let me know the topic you are choosing to write about. and let me know if you have any questions.

this is a similar assignment. PLEASE USE ARTICLES THAT ARE CURRENT and not older than 2018!!! ALSO, lET ME KNOW THE TOPIC YOU ARE CHOOSING BEFORE YOU START.

https://www.aaacn.org/sites/default/files/documents/misc-docs/1e_PICOT_Questions_template.pdf

CHoose a topic. preferably something like: example: ), how does acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O) and time (T) in African american female adolescences with hepititis b. this is just an example.

  • Evaluation of Scholarly Paper Rubrics:

EVALUATION OF UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARLY PAPERStudent_____________________

CRITERIA

Value %

% Earned

COMMENTS

Content and Thought

The content of the scholarly paper is an indicator of the thought processes used by the student in the development and execution of the assignment.

The indicators of these processes are:

  • Uses relevant references.
  • Addresses all components of assigned criteria.
  • Synthesizes information.
  • Applies theories and concepts.
  • Uses logical reasoning and correct inductive or deductive reasoning.

60

Organization Structure

  • Includes purpose in introduction.
  • Paper is logically arranged with introduction, body, and summary.
  • Subsections and paragraphs reflect the main idea.
  • Transitions occur between thoughts.

15

Literacy and Style

  • Uses professional vocabulary.
  • Uses correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization.
  • Maintains economy of expression.

15

APA

  • Title page is correct.
  • Page numbering is accurate.
  • Page header is appropriate.

10

  • Citation of references in text is correct.
    • Direct quotes
    • Paraphrasing
  • Reference list follows APA format.
    • Citations in text are included on reference
    • Reference list citations are included in text

list

Final Grade

100

hi, here is is the rubric to follow

Unformatted Attachment Preview

1 Evidence Based Practice PICOT  Dr. Birthale Archie  1Transition into Professional Nursing Practice  NURS 425 / Week 7 2 Definition Evidence Based Practice (EBP)  According to Melynk et. Al. (2010)  “a problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that integrates the best evidence from studies and patient care data with clinician expertise and patient preference and values.” (p. 1) 3 What is PICOT Statement  Carefully formulated question that encompass the acronym PICOT and the  “T” when pertinent. 1. Identify the problem or population(P) intervention (I) 3. Comparison (C) 4. Outcome(s) (O) 5. Timeframe (T) Template for PICOT QUESTION 4  https://www.aaacn.org/sites/default/files/documents/miscdocs/1e_PICOT_Questions_template.pdf  Handout in class.  Adapted from the PICOT Questions Template; Ellen Fineout-Overholt, 2006. This form may be used for educational & research purposes without permission 5 Definitions for Terms  Intervention/Therapy: Questions addressing the treatment of an illness or disability.  Etiology: Questions addressing the causes or origins of disease (i.e., factors that produce or predispose toward a certain disease or disorder). 6 Definitions for Terms Cont’  Diagnosis: Questions addressing the act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation. 7 Definitions for Terms Cont’ Prognosis/Prediction: Questions addressing the prediction of the course of a disease. 8 Definitions for Terms Cont’ Meaning: Questions addressing how one experiences a phenomenon. 9 Intervention  Intervention: In African-American female adolescents with hepatitis B (P), how does acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O) timeframe (T)? 10 Therapy  Therapy: In children with spastic cerebral palsy (P), what is the effect of splinting and casting(I) compared to constraintinduced therapy (C) on two-handed skill development (O)? 11 Prognosis / Prediction  Prognosis/Prediction: 1) For patients 65 years and older (P), how does the use of an influenza vaccine (I) compared to not received the vaccine (C) influence the risk of developing pneumonia (O) during flu season (T)? 2) In patients who have experienced an acute myocardial infarction (P), how does being a smoker (I) compared to a non-smoker (C) influence death and infarction rates (O) during the first 5 years after the myocardial infarction (T)? 12 Diagnosis  Diagnosis: In middle-aged males with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared to one initial 12-lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)? 13 Etiology  Etiology: Are 30- to 50-year-old women (P) who have high blood pressure (I) compared with those without high blood pressure (C) at increased risk for an acute myocardial infarction (O) during the first year after hysterectomy (T)? 14 Meaning  Meaning: How do young males (P) with a diagnosis of below the waist paralysis (I) perceive their interactions with their romantic significant others (O) during the first year after their diagnosis (T)? 15 References  Birthale Archie, DNP, MSN, BS, RN  Fineout-Overholt, E. Template for Asking PICOT Questions. Retrieved October 7, 2019, from http://www.unm.edu/~unmvclib/cascade/handouts/PICOTtemplates.pdf  Library Guides: Evidence Based Nursing Practice: Pico(t) and Clinical Questions https://journals.lww.com/nursing/fulltext/2014/02000/To_ma ke_your_case,_start_with_a_PICOT_question.7.aspx#pdf-link https://libraryguides.missouri.edu/c.php?g=28271&p=174073  https://libraryguides.nau.edu/c.php?g=665927&p=4682772  https://journals.lww.com/nursing/fulltext/2014/02000/To_make_your_case,_sta rt_with_a_PICOT_question.7.aspx#pdf-link Suggested outline below. This is what I explained in class. Submit with a cover page APA style. The PICOT statement must be at the top of the paper such as Example only Intervention: In African-American female adolescents with hepatitis B (P), how does acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O) and time (T). Introduction African Americans in general are impacted adversely by hepatitis B. According to Hyunseok (2018) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the US is the most common among Asians followed by non-Hispanic blacks. The focus of the research paper is on non-Hispanic blacks treated with acetaminophen in comparison to ibuprofen and the effect on liver function over 12 months. After you have written a good general introduction. You may consider ending the paragraph this way. The paper will examine five concepts that make up the PICOT research statement. The concepts are population, intervention, comparison, outcome and time. Population There are many African American women in the united states. According to the Asian center for progress (2019), African American women make up 13% of the population Another source by ________________reported % of women who have Hepatitis… Intervention Comparison Outcome Time Conclusion ____________________________________ References (on separate page Running head: ACCOUNTABILITY EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE Accountability for Continued Education: A Legislative Issue Introduction The United States has made efforts to develop its health care industry with a focus on quality, affordability, and access to healthcare services. The increasing demand for health care services over the past decade(s) and the demand for quality medical care have stimulated the 1 ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 2 growth of the nursing population. Issued in a 2010 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), called The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, highlighted the complexities of care have been evolving; therefore, nursing education must also advance to meet the needs of future healthcare requirements. The recommendation sought to increase the number of nurses to obtain their bachelor’s degree to 80% by the year 2020. With more than 3 million members and counting, the number of nurses embody the largest sector of healthcare industry according to the IOM (2010). At the time of this report’s release, approximately 50% of nurses achieved their bachelor’s degree or had their bachelor’s degree. Currently, in 2019, a 10% increase in nurses with a BSN evolved making the total percentage to 60%. Consequently, the goal has not been met; however, the initiative has made some strides (Schneider, 2016). Such demand requires the federal government, state department, and other policy-related bodies to make decisions geared toward closing the nursing educational gap. The demand has also triggered professional training of nurses in various certified nursing institutions and organizations. Through research, the federal government of the U.S, American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and other legal bodies supported an increase in nurses requiring a four plus year education to obtain a bachelorette’s degree. A push for new legislation requires participation by state governances along with enough documented proof to convince states to adopt this new policy. This paper aims to address the PICOT formulated question: In nursing practice, how does clinical competence of BSNs compared to that of RNs with an associate degree influence the rate of mortality among patients over time? Problem ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 3 The pivotal work of Aiken, Clarke, Cheung, Sloane, and Silber gathered a critical finding of evidenced based research conducted by Olga Yakusheva, researcher at the University of Michigan. The study concluded solidly that for every 10% increase in the amount of BSN nurses working in a hospital, patient mortality would decrease by approximately 10% as well. Another statistic worth mentioning is a decrease of approximately 5% in a failure to rescue case. A condensed report using these research studies provided by the Institute of Medicine offers compelling evidence to support a larger quantity of nurses entering the workforce to pursue a Bachelorette’s degree. Thus, legislators have been prompted even more now to make legal discussions over the level of education required for the RN to fully practice their scope. According to Zittel et al. (2016), the barrier to the full practice by RN nurses to the BSN’s level is the lack of education in the following competencies: “leadership, systems reasoning, quality improvement, community care, health policy, and health policy finances” (Zittel, 2016). The aforementioned skills are essential to meet the exponentially increasing complexities of today’s diverse population. Intervention The Scope and Standards of Practice of an RN according to ANA (2015), emphasizes the RN’s responsibility to continue their education and competency of nursing practice, this includes an ongoing pursuit of credentials and simply, a lifetime of learning. With consideration to the standard of education and educational profession, an issue found by Panel members is the rather confusing non-standardized educational requirements of an RN. A group of legislators asked a rather compelling question, what type of examination is given to a BSN vs. an RN to determine the difference in credentialing? A strong advocate explained that the same examination for licensure was given to associate level nurses and bachelor level nursing. The legislators were ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 4 baffled by this profound indifference (Zittel et al., 2016) because the lack of clear differentiation in the practice of an ADNs vs. a BSN is unclear to the public. The strongest advocates that support the legislation for all nurses to require a bachelorette’s degree were educators themselves-- Faculty and deans from associate degree programs (Zittel et al., 2016). Though, Unions of different sorts opposed the idea, stating that “a baccalaureate of science (BS) in Nursing is not essential; that is, the bachelor’s degree could be obtained in any major” (Zittel et al., 2016). These Unions also claim that any new legislation include funding to RN’s with an associate degree who are required to continue their education to earn a Bachelor’s (Zittel et al., 2016). Subsequently, Healthcare advocate, medical associations and other healthcare professional bodies, and the federal government have the task of discussing limiting factors to earning a BSN; cost and time. Tuition for BSN trainees is high, and the difference in payment between a BSN and an ADN is low or equivalent (Matthias, 2015). Nonetheless, AACN now requires hospitals hoping to earn Magnet status to provide proof of plans to meet the 80% recommendation (2014) and some facilities like the VA (Veterans Administration) enacted a policy to increase the entry level pay for BSN nurses as an incentive (Schnieder, 2016). Furthermore, states with combined interests known as compact states allow BSN nurses to qualify to practice in those states without additional licensing requirements (The College for the People, 2017). These nurses can simply move to another state with a transferable, ‘universal’ license. Comparison The nursing practice or a BSN and an ADN both practice within the same scope. There is no clinical difference and licensure; but the education requirements/credentials for the BSN are ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 5 practically doubled in comparison. A nurse with a BSN performs in more complex procedures, utilizing critical thinking skills while under the doctor’s supervision; along with obtaining a leadership position as a charge nurse in most facilities (The College for the People, 2017). Olga Yakusheva, researcher at the University of Michigan, mentioned above found an alarming correlation between patient mortality and educational preparedness. A decrease of 5% failure to rescue scenarios and a 10% reduction of deaths. This is a significant percentage, last updated four years ago so one could assume the percentage has increased. Outcome/Time After a 14-year struggle, lobbyists succeeded. New York State finally passed their "BSN in 10" law. This means that a Baccalaureate Degree in nursing is a mandatory requirement within a 10-year window after receiving their initial license (Maracrac, 2017). Though, New York is just one state out of 50. Noteworthy, it took approximately 120 organizations to write letters in support of this new legislation including the “medical society, the healthcare association representing acute and long-term care facilities, and from the councils for both the associate degree and baccalaureate degree and higher programs” (Maracrac, 2017). Strong advocates contested that the only way to ensure that every RN will earn a BSN is to make it a mandatory requirement. This can only be accomplished in some jurisdictions though passing a bill by the state (Zittel et al., 2016). A new prediction forecasts that by the year 2025, the 80% benchmark will be reached. Conclusion This paper aimed to address the PICOT formulated question: In nursing practice, how does clinical competence of BSNs compared to that of RNs with an associate degree influence ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 6 the rate of mortality among patients over time? The study concluded solidly that for every 10% increase in the amount of BSN nurses working in a hospital, patient mortality would decrease by approximately 10% as well. Another statistic worth mentioning is a decrease of approximately 5% in a failure to rescue case. After a 14-year struggle, lobbyists succeeded. New York State finally passed their "BSN in 10" law. This means that a Baccalaureate Degree in nursing is a mandatory requirement within a 10-year window after receiving their initial license (Maracrac, 2017). Though, New York is just one state out of 50. Perhaps, more states will follow the trend and mandate this requirement, especially when people’s lives are at stake. References Aiken, L. H., Clarke, S., Cheung, R., Sloane, D., & Silber, J. (2003). Educational levels of hospital nurses and surgical patient mortality. Journal of the American Medical Association, 290(12), 1617-1623. ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 7 American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), (2014). Fact sheet: The Impact of Education on Nursing Practice. Retrieved from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/mediarelations/fact-sheets/impact-of-education American Nurses Association. (2015). Nursing: Scope and standards of practice (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Institute of Medicine (IOM), (2010). The future of nursing, leading change, advancing health. Retrieved from http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/The-Futureof-Nursing/Future%20of%20Nursing%202010%20Report%20Brief.pdf Maracrac, M. (2017, December 30). New York's 'BSN in 10' Law And The Push For 80% Of Nurses To Hold BSN By 2020. Retrieved from https://nurse.org/articles/BSN-initiative80-2020/ Matthias, A. D. (2015, February 6). Making the case for differentiation of registered nurse practice: Historical perspectives meet contemporary efforts. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 5(4), 108-114. Schneider, A. (2016). Driving Factors Behind the 80% BSN by 2020 Initiative. Retrieved from https://www.rn.com/headlines-in-health/driving-factors-behind-the-80-percent-bsn-by2020-initiative/ The College for People. (2017, January 31). The Real Differences between ADN and BSN Nurses ... Retrieved from https://nightingale.edu/blog/adn-vs-bsn-differences/ Zittel, B., Moss, E., O’Sullivan, A., & Siek, T. (2016, September 30). Registered Nurses as Professionals: Accountability for Education and Practice. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 21(3). ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EDUCATION: A LEGISLATIVE ISSUE 8 ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

Surgical Site Infections- Outline
Thesis Statement: In postoperative patients (P), how does dressing the surgical would with
antimicrobial properties (I) as compared to cotton and gaze (C) affect surgical site infections
(O) within 30 days of the procedure (T)?
I. Introduction
II. Population
III. Intervention
IV. Comparison
V. Outcomes
VI. Time
VII.

Conclusion


Running head: SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS

Surgical Site Infections
Name
Institution

1

SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS

2
Surgical Site Infections

Intervention: In postoperative patients (P), how does dressing the surgical would with
antimicrobial properties (I) as compared to cotton and gaze (C) affect surgical site infections
(O) within 30 days of the procedure (T)?
Introduction
Surgical site infection is one of the main reasons for hospital readmission after
surgery. They are also the most common hospital-acquired infection (HAI) and pose a threat
to the health of patients after surgery. Although many infections are treatable, some may be
fatal and they generally cause discomfort and morbidity in patients after operational surgery.
Dressings on surgical incisions are used to reduce infections and increase the comfort of the
patient during the recovery process. The focus of this paper is the correlation between the
type of dressing and the occurrence of surgical site infections. This paper will provide an
overview of the five PICOT research statement concepts in relation to using antimicrobial
properties in comparison with cotton and gauze in preventing surgical site infections.
Population
Post-operative care begins from the moment the patient has been reversed from
anesthesia. Patients in post-operative care have a minimum number of hours to remain in the
hospital before they are discharged, depending on the type of operation performed on them.
Some common post-operative patients include those who have undergone cataract removal
and c-section. Looking at the invasive nat...

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