It is often claimed that smoking causes cancer, Critical Reasoning help

timer Asked: Jun 7th, 2016
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Question description

It is often claimed that smoking causes cancer. This is usually presented as a reason why people should either give up smoking, or else not start smoking. It is sometimes combined with other claims about smoking, such as that it is expensive or that it will lead to the deterioration of one’s looks.

What sort of argument would claim that a link exists between smoking and cancer? What would make this a stronger argument? What would weaken it? 

What type of argument could this become once other claims are added to it? How would this latter type of argument be assessed? 

Would either type of argument prove definitely that one should not smoke? Why or why not?

Write a four-page essay that answers these questions. Be clear to differentiate between the first given argument and the other arguments that you would construct. While a thesis for this essay is not imperative, the essay should include an introduction and conclusion.

-Essay needs to be in APA format.


Tutor Answer

School: University of Maryland




Smoking can be of
tobacco products or marijuana, tobacco is the main product smoked with an
estimate of 1 billion smokers in the world today. Smoking has effects to both
the smokers and the people living with them and the most common of them is
cancer. Smoking has various impacts ranging from health, financial and social.
All these impacts are negative since there is no known documented positive
effect of smoking

Smoking causes various
types of cancers namely; tongue, bladder, ovary, lung, cervix, liver, stomach,
esophagus, nose, nasal sinus, pancreas and kidney. Lung cancers is categorized
as the most common of all the cancers caused by smoking since it accounts for
more than 80% of all lung cancer fatalities worldwide. Tobacco smoke for
instance contains over 4000 chemicals; these include carbon monoxide, tar, formaldehyde
and nicotine, which are highly addictive and carcinogenic. Marijuana smoke
mainly contains 400 chemicals, which are as highly addictive and carcinogenic
as well. (Hill, 1983). Smoking is harmful to both the smokers and those around
them who end up inhaling secondhand smoke from the smokers, cancer mainly
result from an overgrowth of body tissues due to the various form (Proctor,

Scientist and other
medical practitioner have proven beyond any reasonable doubt that smoking
causes several forms of cancer and the so caused cancer accounts for 100
million deaths annually worldwide. With this facts in record it provides all
reasons for quitting or never to start smoking for those yet to start unless
for those having a death wish. Smoking is a rather expensive affair because it
is habitual in nature. Smoking is said to be habitual in nature meaning that
the smokers have to do it repeatedly to quench the urge to smoke. Thus causing
the smokers to spend repeatedly on this luxurious smoking lifestyle e.g. it
costs  $ 7.00 or even more to buy a pack
of cigarettes and considering one takes two packs per day it translates into
$14 a day, $420 a month and $5040 a year thus proving how expensive the habit
can become.

Among the chemicals
contained in tobacco smoke also, damage collagen and elastin. once both fibers
are affected the skin lose elasticity as well as strength thus resulting to
sagging and premature wrinkling, the wrinkling causes aging and an overall
deterioration of the person’s facial look and general appearance. The effects
of smoking have relatively high diverse implications on human health, which is
mainly dependent on the number, the frequency of smoking, the early age of
smoking and most definitely the duration of smoking in one’s lifetime results
in the induction of malignant change in the human cells. The traces of condensate
found in the smoke acts as mutagens and agents of damage to the DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid). (Gairola, 1982)

No argument whatsoever can overrule the
negative implication of smoking ...

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Outstanding Job!!!!

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