LA 498 Excelsior College Nationalism Literature Review

LA 498

Excelsior College


Question Description

Help me study for my Communications class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

This assignment builds upon the 3 I have attached for reference.

Last week, you started reading the research articles relating to your selected topic within your field of study and collecting information using the Literature Review Matrix. This week, you will complete and submit your draft Literature Review. Review your completed matrix, and consider the extent to which you drew upon a diverse collection of studies. What have you discovered in terms of themes, trends, and opportunities for further research? Is your list of articles both broad in scope and up to date (current)? If you’re using older studies (<10% of total sources), will you be able to draw explicit connections between those historical studies and contemporary theory and practice? Remember, your literature review will not advocate for or against a particular position, and should not reflect personal opinions, beliefs, or values. Focus on analysis and synthesis, not on summary or description of article content.

A well-structured literature review cannot be written in one or two attempts; we expect you to develop multiple drafts. As you draft and revise, ask yourself: have you constructed a framework that will illustrate the extent of your understanding of current research related to your topic, with headings and subheadings to make it easy to follow? Is your draft appropriately organized to present diverse arguments and themes? Have you avoided advocating for or against a particular position? Have you omitted personal opinions, beliefs, or values from your draft? Have you included at least 9 scholarly (peer reviewed) sources related to your field of study? Is your working thesis statement still effective, or does it need to be adapted to reflect the overall work?

As noted in the last module when we introduced this assignment, the compressed nature of this Capstone does not allow you enough time to extend your literature review into identifying new opportunities for research. Instead, we ask you to conclude your literature review by summarizing key points of agreement and disagreement in the research, with a special focus on the impact of the issue on disenfranchised/vulnerable populations around the world. You must support your summation by drawing upon well-reasoned evidence from the journal articles included in your literature review and explaining how these findings contribute to the collective knowledge in your field of study. Please do not include any discussion of the methodologies used in the studies.

Depending on the number of scholarly sources used, your literature review should be approximately 2,000-2,500 words, and should not exceed 3,000 words. (Word counts exclude title pages, headers, and reference list.)

This step establishes the foundation for your final research paper and is consequently of vital importance to your overall success in the Capstone. Review, reorganize, revise, and rewrite until you’ve demonstrated the level of scholarship expected of a degree-seeking candidate.

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SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 1 Joseph P Maioriello March 13, 2020 1. What are your Degree Depths? - Admin and Management Studies 2. What is your area of interest? Explain how your area of interest relates to one or both of your Degree Depths. - My area of interest is conflict resolution which ties in with my Management studies. During my studies thus far, I have gained valuable information form COMM 324 Conflict Management as well as COMM 355, Ethics in communication. Both of these courses, along with my previous courses from prior schools have helped me gain a greater perspective. Additionally, as a Senior leader in the military, I deal with conflict management on a daily basis. This is ultimately why I chose this area for my focus. 3. What is the contemporary global issue or problem you intend to research? Nationalistic ideology is a major problem across many of the industrialized nations that builds division and presents a problem that hinders growth, ideation and conflict resolution. 4. How does this problem relate to one or both of your Degree Depths? - The concept of reducing Nationalistic ideology through conflict resolution relates to the degree depth of management. 5. Why is this global issue or problem significant to researchers in your field of study? - Nationalistic ideology has found its way into the US over the past several years. I believe we need people in my field of study to do what they can to dissolve this growing trend though conflict resolution and conflict management. If people can better understand the views of one another, perhaps we can work toward a path to understanding and inclusiveness. SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET References Balibar, E. (1990). The nation form: history and ideology. Review (Fernand Braudel Center), 13(3), 329-361. Benner, E. (1997). Nationality without nationalism. Journal of Political Ideologies, 2(2), 189206. Finlayson, A. (1998). Ideology, discourse and nationalism. Journal of Political Ideologies, 3(1), 99-118. Freeden, M. (1998). Is Nationalism a distinct ideology?. Political Studies, 46(4), 748-765. Nodia, G. (1992). Nationalism and democracy. Journal of Democracy, 3(4), 3-22. 2 SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 3 6. How do these researchers view this global problem? In your own words, explain the predominant idea from each of the five journal articles. - It is evident from the articles that the nationalistic ideology is becoming a significant issue to researchers. According to Freeden (1998), many people who adhere to the right-wing ideology reckon that one who does not chant nationalist slogans is an anti-nationalist. Calling someone anti-nationalist for not fulfilling their yardstick of Nationalism is exasperating. It is hard to understand the concept of being a nationalist and having pride for one’s nationality. Finlayson (1998) argues that people do not need to be nationalistic to live in a nation because in that case, they also belong to the world before they belong to a nation. Furthermore, Nodia (1992) alludes that Nationalism teaches people to deem every other nation as Inferior. Benner (1997) quoted the definition of Nationalism and pointed out the end of the definition as the problem. They are correct. The definition of Nationalism includes taking away the rights and privileges of those that are not like people of a particular country. It justifies wars with neighbors since the only reason that one country needs to invade another country is that doing so will help the country. If the neighbors are of a different ethnic or religious group, then they are inferior to them and them countrymen and do not deserve the same rights and privileges that they enjoy. 7. What’s common among these studies? - The most common aspect addressed in the articles about how Nationalism is problematic. According to Balibar (1990), there is nothing wrong with ethnic pride. Still, when Nationalism entails racism, the feeling of racial superiority, bigotry, the hate of specific religious or ethnic groups, then the problem, becomes isolationist, misanthropic, with definite economic, and geospatial misadventures for countries that nurse it. This may lead to war, sometimes to genocide. SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 4 Benner (1997) affirms that Nationalism is a form of mass tribalism that creates an individuality versus the world mentality if the rest of humanity does not toe their line. It is statist also, an authoritarian and powerful obstacle to international cooperation. There is also the wave of destructive Nationalism which beliefs in the superiority of cast races, skin colour and religion. As Nodia (1992) states, this wave can lead a country to an irresistible race for power over the universe. It only believes in the greatness of one religion and race who should be a ruler of the world. An excellent example of this wave when Hitler and Mussolini took the world for world war and conflicts. Both of them Were the excellent examples of destructive nationalism wave that could destroy the world. According to Finlayson (1998), Nationalism is self-serving. It breeds greed and hatred among nations, with some of the most prolific aggressors in history (and now) being the Roman Empire, China, Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan and the United States. Furthermore, Freeden (1998) argues that Nationalism has bred this same attitude in business. Nationalism builds a weakened mentality into a population, which allows for easier manipulation through propaganda. While people think that others use propaganda, the issue of propaganda being integrated into Nationalism has become a critical issue in many countries. For that matter, most political parties, religions and corporations leverage propaganda for their benefit. 8. What are the major points of disagreement among the researchers? - The major points of disagreement I found among researchers is 9. What challenges do you anticipate while completing this research? - I am honestly a little lost as to the topic I should select. I think this one will work. Please let me know if I am headed in the right direction. SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 5 LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX LA 498-CBE Joseph P Maioriello March 26, 2020 Approved Research Topic: Nationalism JOURNAL NAME, ARTICLE NAME, DATE, PERMALINK AUTHOR(S) Politics of Alev nationhood CinarTas and the Hakki displaceme nt of the founding moment: Contending histories of the turkish nation. Comparati ve Studies in Society and History, 59(3), 657689. (2017). http://repos itory.bilken FOCUS/PURPOSE OF STUDY RESULTS AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER RESEARCHERS CONTROVERSIES/DISAGREEMENTS WITH OTHER RESEARCHERS IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH & PRACTICE The purpose of the study was to research how nationalism has occurred across time in Turkey and the implications it has caused. The research found that nationalism has resulted into groupings of people who feel that they have the same identity and, therefore, a common goal. These groupings have, in turn, resulted in conflicts because of different ideologies. This research confirms what some researchers state about nationalism; that it always breaks people apart than it brings them together. On the other hand, other researchers hold different opinions regarding nationalism. For instance, some researchers have reported that nationalism brings individuals together, thus promoting unity. The main implication of this study is that it necessitates the need for additional research to further highlight how nationalism causes disputes and whether or not the chances of causing disputes and conflicts overwhelm the possibility of unity. LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX t.edu.tr/bits tream/hand le/11693/3 8146/bilke ntresearchpaper.pdf?s equence=1 The political and economic consequenc es of nationalist protest in china: The 2012 antijapanese demonstrati ons. The China Quarterly, 236, 11311153. https://ww w.cambrid ge.org/core /journals/ch inaquarterly/ar ticle/politic Kevin Foley Jeremy L. WallaceJessic a Chen Weiss The main purpose of the research was to evaluate the political and economic impacts that nationalistic unrests had in China. The research found that every case of nationalistic unrests led to the demotion of the top officials in charge at the time of the conflict. Secondly, the unrests also affected direct foreign investment negatively. This research agrees with other studies that have reported that the Chinese government always punishes social instability. LA 498-CBE Other researchers have particularly disagreed with the notion that the negative impacts on the Direct Foreign Investment could be due to many other factors apart from the nationalism unrests. This research and the controversy, therefore, creates the need to assess the specific role and amount of impact that nationalism plays in Direct Foreign invests and conflicts among top government officials. LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX al-andeconomicconsequenc es-ofnationalistprotest-inchina-the2012antijapanes edemonstrati ons/8B608 955D2FA5 86461BA9 4A4D2DD 4B79 Cypriot Sypross nationalism Sakellaropoul s in os context: History, identity and politics. The Cyprus Review, 31(1), 317. (2018). www.cypru sreview.org /index.php/ cr/article/d The purpose of the research was to evaluate how nationalism emerged and developed in Cyprus. The study finds that nationalism creates a gap between people who feel to have a common identity against those who do not. This research confirms what some researchers state about nationalism; that it always breaks people apart than it brings them together. LA 498-CBE On the other hand, other researchers hold different opinions regarding nationalism. For instance, some researchers have reported that nationalism brings individuals together, thus promoting unity. The main implication of this study is that it necessitates the need for additional research to further highlight how nationalism causes disputes and whether or not the chances of causing disputes and conflicts overwhelm the possibility of unity. LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX ownload/64 4/541 Nationalis m and modernism. Routledge, 2013. https://boo ks.google.c o.ke/books ?hl=en&lr= &id=kRXT vMPwhgo C&oi=fnd &pg=PP1 &dq=natio nalism&ots =o5mIGqD KXF&sig= BjOhdyqE 0UUquab MJ2N_0G4 PfA&redir_e sc=y#v=on epage&q=n ationalism &f=false Theories of nationalism : A critical introductio LA 498-CBE Anthony D. Smith Anthony Smith The primary purpose of research was to compare and contrast nationalism and modernism. The study realized that nationalism is more divisive while modernism is more unifying. Some researchers hold a similar opinion that the many problems that different nations face in the contemporary world are due to nationalism. On the other hand, other authors opine that modernism has brought an equal share of divisions. These differences mean that there is no clear distinction that brings clear impacts between modernism and nationalism. Hence, there is a need for further research on the subject. Umut Ozkirimli The purpose of this study was to research and discuss the different theories of The general idea is that nationalism is divisive while Some scholars agree with this result and add that nationalism is divisive because of it makes people to group based on their Some concepts under nationalism match those for modernism, yet the general idea is that nationalism These differences mean that there is no clear distinction that brings clear impacts between modernism and LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX n. Palgrave, 2017. https://boo ks.google.c o.ke/books ?hl=en&lr= &id=3JlM DwAAQB AJ&oi=fnd &pg=PR1 &dq=natio nalism&ots =SBULgU XaBc&sig =YmMZc MIu_uxrpa TcL3ZDY6 u4vXs&red ir_esc=y#v =onepage& q=nationali sm&f=fals e Nationalis Ernst B. Haas m, liberalism, and progress: The rise and decline of LA 498-CBE nationalism and how it differs with modernism. modernism is unifying. identities, unlike modernism which is unifying. is divisive while modernism is unifying. nationalism. Hence, there is a need for further research on the subject. The main purpose of this study was to highlight how nationalism has evolved over the years. The study concluded that nationalism has been evolving from discriminative concept to more inclusive ones. Some researchers agree with the fact that nationalism is no longer as divisive as it was in the past. Other researchers are however opposed to the fact that nationalism has resulted in any positive outcomes even in the contemporary world. There is, therefore, a dire need to find how nationalism causes conflicts. Additional research should also address how these conflicts can be resolved. LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX nationalism . Cornell University Press, 2018. https://boo ks.google.c o.ke/books ?hl=en&lr= &id=6yVz DwAAQB AJ&oi=fnd &pg=PP1 &dq=natio nalism&ots =ogLsWIn 4HU&sig= 6QoAQRsYSYmhVa z9GVbqU MJ_Gs&re dir_esc=y# v=onepage &q=nation alism&f=fa lse LongZlatko Skrbiš distance nationalism : diasporas, homelands This research aimed to discuss how nationalism can still occur regardless of geographic limitations. Nationalism results in ethnic groupings regardless of individuals Other researchers agree that nationalistic ideologies know no boundaries. LA 498-CBE Some researchers opine that nationalism promotes cultural diversity. There is a need for researching how nationalism among people separated by long distances can still cause conflicts. Further research should also LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX and identities. Taylor & Francis, 2017. https://boo ks.google.c o.ke/books ?hl=en&lr= &id=ATsr DwAAQB AJ&oi=fnd &pg=PP1 &dq=natio nalism&ots =NbYoVIb ave&sig=q WgPZUJsJ y7sCziIWh grHKCzU4 &redir_esc =y#v=onep age&q=nat ionalism&f =false NATIONAL Ludger Mees ISM, VIOLENC E AND DEMOCR ACY. LA 498-CBE geographic locations. The study’s main goal is to identify the causes of conflict across Europe over time. Nationalism played a major role in the conflicts and violence that have been address how these conflicts can be resolved. Some scholars agree that nationalism creates a lot of divisions. Other scholars opine that the conflicts that have been happening across Europe are subject to many other factors other than just nationalism. There is need for further studies to identify how much nationalism contributes to conflicts and the possible ways of mitigating them. LITERATURE REVIEW: A SYNTHESIS MATRIX Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. https://link. springer.co m/book/10. 1057%2F9 781403943 897 "Nationalis Bart m in settled Bonikowski times." Annual Review of Sociology 42 (2016): 427-449. https://ww w.annualre views.org/d oi/abs/10.1 146/annure v-soc081715074412 LA 498-CBE witnessed in Europe over time. The research sought to identify how the concept of nationalism has changed over time. People still use common traits to group themselves. Some scholars agree with this result and add that nationalism is divisive because of it makes people to group based on their identities. Other researchers opine that nationalism has become more inclusive than in the past. More research is needed to establish how much conflict nationalism causes and the possible ways of mitigating them. 1 Nationalism Joe Maioriello LA498 Liberal Arts Capstone M2A3 / Scaffold Step #2 3/20/20 2 Nationalism The subject of nationalist ideology is a concerning issue given it bears a high likelihood for divisions. Researchers submit arguments vastly agreeing with the underlying problematic affliction of nationalism; however, gaps exist on the subject necessitating the need for further research. The high affinity for the matter to facilitate conflict requires address by conflict resolution and management. Nationalistic ideology (nationalism) is a significant issue among industrialized nations as it facilitates conflict through building divisions. It is a self-interest promotion movement with the aim of self-determination which communicates the underlying elements of a country establishing itself as a legitimate source of wielding political power (popular sovereignty). Nationalistic `ideology holds that a nation bears polity in having a single national identity that draws from shared prosperity, culture, and politics, among other factors. It, therefore, seeks to establish an influential front facilitating water-tight national traditional culture and triggering cultural revivals. A gap, therefore, exists with such ideologies build divisions within a nation coupled with the external environment. It is problematic as it fosters racial superiority, detesting various ethnic groups, isolationism, and finally facilitates economic misadventures. Nationalism can therein trigger internal divisions among citizens and in most cases, trigger wars with disagreement on specific ideologies for warring nations. It may facilitate mass tribalism that contributes to the total annihilation of a particular people in genocides. Researchers submissions conceptualize the subject of nationalism issuing insight on the subject and its effect on specific people, which establishes formidable differences. Cinar&Tas(2017) posit that nationalist ideology is a means by which actualization occurs for 3 national communities which was an underlying factor for Ulusalcilik (nationalism) with the movement opposing Islamism, Ottomanism, and perceived imperialist Western powers. Their submissions contextualize nationalism by demystifying the wedge it can develop for a group adhering to the campaign and those considered as “outsiders.” Foley et al. (2018) submit that nationalist movements in China are the contributors to protest demonstrations against Japan bearing adverse effects on the economy given hurting growth of foreign direct investments (FDI) coupled with a dilemma for local leaders in managing the popular ideologies amid a shift of national priorities. It shows the political and economic adversities of nationalism. Lastly, Sakellaropoulos (2019) posits that Cypriot Nationalisms saw the assimilation of a small Armenian community into Cypriotness (its nationalism) without losing its identity. It shows idealness of the subject. The intricacies of nationalistic ideology coupled with submissions on the subject enact a lens on the need to address the gaps and address the highly probable conflicts that may arise. The scholarly presentations generally agree that nationalism facilitates self-isolation that may contribute to problematic situations like divisions within specific people and the external environment. It is, therefore, necessary to mitigate the adversities that may arise from having nationalist ideologies. However, there is a gap on the submissions with some citing the idealness of nationalist ideology alluding connection to patriotism. It shows contradictions in argument contextualizing the position of an individual, that is, depending on the context. From one angle, it can lead to unity drawing together people by assimilation with some cases involving upholding of specific identities. The opposing viewpoint cites dissemination of a people coupled with adversities on economies. There is a need for establishing one argument by weighing the two sides and issuing a response to any trouble. 4 Conflict resolution and management is the answer to the high divisiveness that may occur subject to nationalism. Though multiple research affirms the problematic nature of nationalist ideology, there is a gap given contradictory argument, thereby necessitating further investigation. The response will assist establish an all-inclusive society. 5 References Cinar, A., &Tas, H. (2017). Politics of nationhood and the displacement of the founding moment: Contending histories of the turkish nation. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 59(3), 657-689. Foley, K., Wallac ...
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Nationalism Literature Review

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Nationalism Literature Review
Nationalism is a topic that has been gaining relevance over the past few years because of
the divergent views that most scholars have been having regarding the subject. Studies have been
revealing different results regarding whether or not nationalism helps to bring unity within a
nation or it only results into conflicts. This paper, therefore, reviews previous literature that
addressed the subject to highlight the results that the researchers arrived at concerning the impact
of nationalism.
Cinar, & Hakki (2017) are among the many scholars that researched the impact of
nationalism and whether it resulted in Unity or Conflicts. Specifically, the authors analyze the
events that happened in turkey and how different groups had different ideas regarding how the
nation gained its achievements and what kept growing. Cinar, & Hakki (2017) start by narrating
a marquee event in Turkey’s history. They state that President Tayyip’s speech in 2016 in which
he stated that “I reject the conception of history that places the beginning of the history of our
centuries-old civilization in 1919,” elicited contentious reactions. One notable reaction was from
a journalist who said that “the President is forgetting that he owes his presidency to the process
that started on 19 May 1919” (2017).
The authors above note that although the altercations above may have occurred as a mere
confrontation between the president and a prominent journalist, it cannot be underplayed because
it represents the opinions held by different groups in the society. While one sect would not want
to identify the country’s progress to the situations that happened in 1919 (including the

president), others like the journalist believe that it was at that time that Turkey’s history began.
As a result, there have existed many groupings in Turkey with people who feel that they have
similar identities taking sides. The consequence of these groupings has been constant conflicts
between the groups.
Foley, Wallace, & Weiss (2018) have also added their voice on the contentious subject of
nationalism. However, these scholars took a different angle while tackling the subject matter.
Instead of just focusing on the local nationalistic groupings that often cause chaos in a nation,
they also concentrated on how those views could impact international relationships. Specifically,
these authors evaluated the political and economic impacts that nationalistic unrests caused in
China. According to Foley, Wallace, & Weiss (2018), different nationalistic groups had caused
unrests in China in 2012 while protesting against the Japanese. Although these unrests resulted
from concerns that Chinese citizens had against their administrators and Japanese counterparts,
the impacts were dire and widespread.
These authors explain that the immediate impact of the unrests were felt by the local
administrators who received punishments from the higher offices as was the norm of the
Communist Party. While most of the officers that ...


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