Running head: CARBON SEQUESTRATION
Throughout history, mankind has become increasingly savvier with the innovation of
new technologies and consumer products. However, such activities have led to the
degradation of the planet through the burning of fossil fuels, incineration of waste, and slash
and burn farming practices. As a result, the air has become highly polluted and dense with
greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2). CO2 is particularly menacing as it prevents
infrared radiation emitted by the Earth's surface from dissolving. Since the boom in industrial
activity in the 1800s, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere has been increasing (Lal, 2007,
815). One measure that can be taken to control the CO2 atmospheric concentration is by
means of carbon sequestration, a process introduced during the 1997 Kyoto conference. Since
then, carbon sequestration has become an important area of research and a promising
technique for reducing the greenhouse effect and the removal of CO2.
As previously mentioned, increased human activity throughout the last few centuries
has contributed greatly to the increase in greenhouse gases, one of which is CO2. The main
contributor to the release of CO2 has been the burning of fossil fuels such as natural gases,
petroleum, and coal. CO2 is also released into the atmosphere through natural sources
including plants and animals (Selin, n.d.). The main consequence of high levels of CO2in the
atmosphere is the retention of infrared radiation, which causes the Earth’s temperature to
increase. The situation only worsens with the continual creation of carbon reservoirs through
unsustainable practices such as deforestation. Reservoirs, also known as carbon sinks, are
areas that support high rates of fires or the decomposition of natural materials. Oceans can
also emit large degrees of carbon. However, the sources that promote the greatest amounts of
CO2 are manmade.
Fortunately, there are measures that can be taken to lessen the amount of CO2 in the
atmosphere. Carbon sequestration is one of such practices as it is the process of absorbing
CO2 from the air by means of natural materials. The CO2 or other harmful compounds are
absorbed by plants, algae, bacteria, and the ocean, in which the carbon is stored and
consumed through the process of photosynthesis. The carbon then plays a significant role in
producing the organic molecules needed to su...
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