How to Deal with Kids when they are Angry
Adult-child relationship is one of the crucial tools that children require for the
development of their social competencies for interacting with the peers and members of the
families. In the context of the role that the parent-child relationship plays in this development,
Shokoohi-Yekta, Zamani, and Ahmadi argued that the results from several studies show that "it
is most important and fundamental factors for shaping children and young people's character due
to the influential exchange of affective and emotional reactions" (722). However, the constant
display of tantrums, anger, and aggressive behavior can strain this critical relationship to the
point where the adult might engage in the abuse and neglect of the child. While the adult might
show understanding of this disruptive behavior within the home or in school in some
circumstances, there are times when the situation becomes challenging for the individual due to
the failure of the strategies to manage the child's anger. Also, the adult's lack of understanding
that anger is a natural emotion that is stimulated by various emotional and environmental factors
usually make the management of the child's angry responses to conversations, interactions from
peers, and adult's failure to meet his or her needs ineffective. Therefore, the aim of this research
paper is to investigate the causes of anger and aggression in children according to some of the
theoretical models in the literature and recommend the evidence-based strategies that adults can
use to deal with angry children in different settings.
Adults and children express anger to unpleasant experiences as part of their natural
emotional reactions to circumstances in their lives. While adults have learned the methods for
managing their anger, children lack such competencies, which make them engage in the behavior
whenever their need for care, love and affection is not met, or people fail to validate their
emotions or achievements. To achieve the aim of this research study, the following research
questions will guide its conduct:
What is the child’s experience of anger?
What are the emotional purposes of anger?
What are the factors that reinforce the display of anger and aggression in children?
How can adults manage angry children without violating their rights?
In this research study, a systematic review of the literature is performed to identify and
evaluate previous and current studies on anger in children and effective anger management
strategies that adults that can utilize to deal with the challenges. Also, this explorative study
considered the theoretical frameworks that were provided by Novaco Raymond in his book,
Anger control: The development and evaluation of an experimental treatment to explain the
emotional purposes of anger and display of aggressive behavior by humans. As a result, the
findings from this review were used to support the arguments on the recommended strategies for
managing angry children.
The Emotional Purposes of Anger
People become angry when they are prevented from accomplishing physical or emotional
objectives that are either defined individually or collectively. According to von-Salisch and
Saarni, anger results from the perception by the person that that perpetrator of the offensive
action has violated the norms and values of the aggrieved individual, especially when the
offender fails to provide adequate justifications for the violation (82). In this regard, the primary
purpose of anger is the conscious or unconscious protection of people's ego-identity when they
cannot identify the valid reasons for the display of offensive be...
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