I don’t know how to handle this Health & Medical question and need guidance.
INSTRUCTIONS: Please review the Discussion Board grading rubric I have attached to understand how your posts will be evaluated. Your posts should be qualitative and provide substantive depth that advances the discussion. You need to make responses to your classmates or instructor and your responses should be around 75 words.
HS111: Medical Terminology
CLASSMATE POST #1
\Part 1: Choose 2 of the terms in column A and differentiate the prefix, suffix, combining form, and word root.
Prefix-pneumo Cardi- word root
Pneumon-word root Prefix- myo
Combining forms Pneum-o Combining form-meaning heart
Part 2: In addition, use one medical term of your choice to create an educational piece as if you were talking to a patient to describe what the word means in layman’s terms.
Pneumonia is a lung condition that is bacterial and is normally treated with antibiotics if it is in both lungs it is bilateral pneumonia which depending on the patient’s age you could be hospitalized. This type of infection the lung sacs are inflamed which could possibly fill with fluid or pus which makes it hard for you to breath. You can get pneumonia from different sources it could be from inhaling chemicals, viruses, or inhaling a liquid, depending on the type of pneumonia that you have depends on the treatment. The two types of pneumonia are bacterial and viral which you can spread to someone else.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “Pneumonia,” “Explore Pneumonia: Treatment,” and “Explore Pneumonia: Living With.”
Kids Health: “Pneumonia.”
CDC: “Pneumonia: An Infection of the Lungs.”
American Lung Association: “Pneumonia.”
Mayo Clinic: “Pneumonia.”
© 2019 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.
CLASSMATE POST #2
In response to part 1:
I have chosen the two words “esophageal” and “arteriole”. To break these down:
root: -esophag/o - esophagus; -arteriole/o - artery
suffix: -Eal- pertaining to; -ole- small.
Meanings: -esophageal- pertaining to the esophagus; -arteriole- small brach of artery leading to capillaries.
We will look at your symptoms to see if you indeed have pneumonia. Those symptoms are - fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough with phlegm and chills. Pneumonia is an infection. It can either take place in one lung or both and can be caused from breathing in chemicals or from bacteria. How it’s treated just depends on what type of pneumonia you have. Patients are typically older or younger, such as 2 years old or they already have health conditions that create pneumonia. We can treat it with antibiotics if it is related to a bacterial infection. Please avoid smoking while you’re showing symptoms of pneumonia. Let’s break down what pneumonia means. The root word, pneumon means lung, air or gas. The suffix is ia. This means condition. You are experiencing a lung condition or inflammation.
MediLine Plus: Trusted Health Information for You: “Pneumonia, Also Called Bronchopneumonia”:National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: 20 MAR 2020
HS200: Diseases of the Human Body
CLASSMATE POST #3
Tetanus toxoid is used to prevent a serious illness called Tetanus. Tetanus can cause a person to have seizures, lock jaw, and even muscle spasms so severe that they could literally cause bone fractures to one’s spine. It has caused death in 30% - 40% cases. All infants 6 – 8 weeks old, children and adults are recommended to have their immunizations against Tetanus up to date.
The first series of Tetanus is usually three or four injections. It is very important that everyone get a booster injection every ten years of their and in some other cases sooner. Say you get injured and the wound is unclean or hard to clean, and its been at least five years since your last tetanus booster it is highly recommended that you go and get an emergency tetanus booster. Tetanus is a very serious condition and defiantly not something a person should be hesitant to get treated for.
Children and preteens should get five doses of DTaP vaccine and a Tdap vaccine booster.
Pregnant women should get one dose of Tdap vaccine every pregnancy, preferably early in the third trimester.
Adults should get one dose of Tdap or Td every ten years. Adults who have never received Tdap should get it in place of a Td dose.
DTaP is diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis.
DT is diphtheria and tetanus.
Tdap is combined tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis.
Td is tetanus and diphtheria.
CLASSMATE POST #4
Tetanus toxoid is an immunization which is to help prevent tetanus which could cause seizures or muscle spasms that could fracture the spine. Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis has a combination immunization to prevent these which is labeled DTaP, DT, Tdap, and Td. Before you administered this immunization you need to do a visual inspection to make sure the immunization is not expired and make sure there is no discoloration as well as making sure the person receiving the immunization is okay to receive it. You should shake the vial or syringe to make sure the vaccine is the correct color as the Td should be a cloudy, whitish-gray color and the Tdap should be a cloudy, white-color. DTaP or DT should be given to infants and children under the age of 7 years with a series of 5 doses. The ages that this vaccine should be given is 2, 4, 6 months, 15 through 18 months, and 4 through 6 years. The fourth dose has the most with needing to know when to give it as you can not give it earlier than 6 months after the third dose, but you cannot give it to children younger than 12 months of age. It is recommended that children receive 5 doses with this series but if the fourth dose is on or after the child’s fourth birthday than it is not necessary for that patient to receive the fifth dose. The Tdap and Td is recommended for adolescents or pregnant women for each pregnancy. The CDC recommends adolescents to get the vaccine between 11 to 12 years and if missed to have the adolescent receive the vaccine at the next encounter between ages 13 to 18 years if they have close contact with infants. With pregnant women the timing of the vaccine should be administered in the early part of the gestational weeks 27 through 36 but can safely administer the Tdap earlier if indicated for wound care or community pertussis outbreak. You do not repeat this vaccine if given earlier for another reason and is recommend for immediate postpartum if the mother did not receive the vaccine during pregnancy and did not have a prior dose during adolescence, adulthood, or a previous pregnancy. Every 10 years a patient should receive the Td or Tdap booster. All of these vaccines should be administered intramuscular route with preferred sites for injections as infants and young children should be in their lateralis muscle of the thigh while older children and adults in the deltoid muscle in the upper arm.
CDC.gov. (2020). Vaccines and preventable disease. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/dtap-tdap-td/hcp/administering-vaccine.html
Administering Vaccines. Saint Paul, Minnesota; Immunization Action Coalition. Retrieved from: https://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p3085.pdf
Mayo Clinic. (2020). Tetanus toxoid (Intramuscular route, injection route). IBM Watson Health. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/tetanus-toxoid-intramuscular-route-injection-route/description/drg-20066243