British Columbia Proposing the Legalization and Regulation of Euthanasia Essay

University of British Columbia

Question Description

I’m studying for my Psychology class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

1. Background research: research institutes, the government, NGOs, think tanks, online encyclopedias, media organizations, books and journal articles. limited to citing Wikipedia or other websites.

2. Identify your standpoint regarding the matter you have chosen. You have to formulate a

clear thesis (a proposition that you will provide reasons for)

3. Identify your target audience. This is the group of people who will be the recipient of

your persuasive effort.

4. Produce your arguments. Your goal in this document is to get people on your side with

respect to the matter you care about. Constructing two arguments that provide sufficient reasons for your audience to embrace your point of view. Your two arguments should have the same proposition as your conclusion.

5. Defend the soundness of your arguments. The premises are supported by evidence. For

each of your arguments, anticipate at least one potential objection and respond to it.

6. Create a dissemination strategy. Explain how your message will be disseminated to your


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Final Answer

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Running head: EUTHANASIA


Proposing the Legalization and Regulation of Euthanasia
Course Code:


Proposing the Legalization and Regulation of Euthanasia

The controversial phrase of ‘live and let live” has dramatically been opposed in the
medical industry due to the practice of euthanasia. Although a significant number object to the
method, the society, in general, is gradually welcoming the concept of "live and let die."
Euthanasia has been named differently across the globe, with some opting to call it mercy
killing, physician-assisted suicide, happy or merciful release, and assisted suicide, among others
(Abohaimed, Matar, & Shah, 2019). Overall, euthanasia is the painless termination of life of a
patient whose prolonged suffering stems from an incurable disease or is in an irreversible coma.
Although the rates of euthanasia are rapidly soaring, the practice has been legalized and
regulated in very few countries and jurisdictions globally while most are still in opposition. For
instance, countries including The Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Luxembourg, Canada, and
Colombia have legalized assisted suicide joined by some countries in the United States such as
Oregon, Vermont, and Washington DC (Davis, 2019). However, this does not limit the practice
of suicide tourism which refers to the action of patients from euthanasia restricted countries
travelling to request the service in legalized regions (Bellaique, 2019). Therefore, one must
understand the reasons for the opposition of assisted suicide and the views of the proponents to
help in arriving at a robust solution. Given that euthanasia is already a broad spread practice, one
that people are scared to conform to, why not develop secure laws that monitor and permit the
practice. Overall, euthanasia should be legalized and carefully regulated, especially in the
voluntary request of a terminally ill patient.
There are four main types of euthanasia, including active, passive, indirect, and
physician-assisted suicide. The difference lies in how the life is ended. For instance, active
euthanasia is the termination of life by administrating lethal drugs, while passive suicide occurs



by withdrawing life supporting machines (Abohaimed, Matar, & Shah, 2019). Another
distinction of euthanasia lies in whoever requests the final deed. For instance, voluntary
euthanasia is performed under the patient's request, while involuntary assisted dying is mainly
done by physicians when the patient is incapacitated to make the decision themselves
(Abohaimed, Matar, & Shah, 2019). Opponents of euthanasia have suggested a few alternatives,
including palliative care and the use of hospices, especially in the United States. Palliative care is
an approach offered by health professionals to improve the quality of life of patients suffering
from life-threatening ailments by administering pain treatment and monitoring their overall
physical, psychological, and spiritual well-being (Erdek, 2015). Hospice caregiving is generally
home-based or in freestanding facilities such as nursing homes where supportive care is issued to
people in the final phase of terminal illness to relieve them of suffering.
The general public is widely affected by the practice of euthanasia with the main target
cast revolving around patients, a patient's family members, health professionals, and the
government. Patients are the most affected, given that they directly experience the suffering
before death, which leads to their request for assisted suicide. Given the minimal legalization of
the practice, most are turned down while the alternative of palliative care is offered (Erdek,
2015). Family members come second as they directly feel the pain and anger that stems from the
suffering of a loved one. In some cases, patients request for a close relative to pull the plug to
end their affliction instead of a doctor performing it actively. Moreover, health professionals are
the primary caregivers and facilitators of euthanasia whose actions are guided by the professional
moral code that emphasizes on absolute patient service (Bellaique, 2019). In the past, most
doctors were contentious on the notion of assisted dying. Still, with its rising demand, a
significant number are very supportive of the subject to the point where some are open to request



for euthanasia if the need arises (Evenblij, 2019). Overall, regulation and legalization of
euthanasia are only possible if the government revises health policies to place secure laws that
permit the practice.
Proposing the legalization of euthanasia begins with disqualifying the alternatives. There
is no significant guarantee that palliative care will relieve a patient's suffering, especially during
the latter stages of an incurable disease. For instance, distress caused by unbearable pain,
respiratory difficulties, nausea, and fatigue may lead patients to prefer death rather than a low
quality of life (Vocht, 2015). In countries where assisted suicide is illegal, patients result in
relying on hospices and palliation to relieve them of significant pain. However, most are
unwilling to take such alternatives, given that they feel devalued because they see themselves as
a burden to caregivers (Abohaimed, Matar, & Shah, 2019). The use of palliation and assisted
dying should not be viewed as opposites. For instance, if a physician agrees to a euthanasia
request by a patient who is suffering unbearable pain and all treatments have failed, there is no
difference between the palliative care offered prior, and the assisted dying issued at that moment.
In most situations, euthanasia is a rather dignified end to palliative care; hence, care
professionals should be willing to recognize that the greatest fear for most patients is losing their
sense of autonomy (Evenblij, 2019). Therefore, palliative care and euthanasia should be used
together to serve the interests of terminally ill patients.
Consequently, the health care costs associated with treating terminally ill patients are
generally expensive and unaffordable for a significant number of diagnosed patients. For
instance, cancer patients have to visit hospitals regularly for chemotherapy and radiation
appointments, which are hardly covered by insurance policies. When such a patient is placed in
intensive care...

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