University of South Florida Victimology and Victimization Data Discussion



University of South Florida

Question Description

Discussion - Reflection Chapter 1 -3 What is Victimology & Victimization data

Reflections are to be based on the topic we are covering for the week. You should be specific about what prompted your reflection. For example, was it something you read in the text, heard on a TED talk or found from your own research or assignments? Reflection posts are to be a minimum of THREE fully developed paragraphs must include a reference.

You need to respond to at least TWO colleagues. Your response to colleagues needs to be at least one paragraph and should add to the discussion, not just "I agree with you". You must elaborate on why you are agree or how the post prompted your thinking about the topic.

Please note your initial post is due by midnight Thursday. Your response to colleagues is due by Sunday and the discussion will close at midnight Sunday. You will not be able to post once the week is closed.

Additinally, the material for the class is this book: Karmen, Andrew (2016) Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology 9th edition. Cengage. ISBN 9781305261037

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WHAT IS VICTIMOLOGY? 3 injured in confrontations. But they might be burdened, even devastated, as the following examples illustrate. A teenager who shot and killed a high school athlete is about to be sentenced to prison. The distraught father of the murdered boy tells the judge, “We always hope our little guy will come through the door, and it will never be. We don't have lives. We stay in every day. We can't function.” (MacGowan, 2007) The term victimology can mean different things to different people, and detectives can consider themselves “victimologists” too. In police work, the term victimology is applied to a type of back- ground investigation. To homicide detectives, vic- timology is the process of reconstructing events and learning as much as possible about a person who was murdered in order to help figure out who the killer is (see Box 1.1). STUDYING VICTIMIZATION SCIENTIFICALLY As an argument with a stranger escalates and he pulls out a gun, a wife is wounded when she puts out her hand to try to shield her husband from the bullet that causes his death. She tells an interviewer, “I was just so excited and looking forward to spending the day with the love of my life.... And just to think that in the blink of an eye, my whole world just got shattered into a million pieces. And now I'm left trying to pick them all up and putting them back together.” (Gutman, 2014) First responders and rescue workers who race to crime scenes (such as police officers, forensic evi- dence technicians, paramedics, and firefighters) are exposed to emergencies and trauma on such a rou- tine basis that they also can be considered secondary The suffering of victims and of the people who are very close to them always has been a popular theme for artists and writers to interpret and for political and religious leaders to address. But this long and rich tradition embodies what might be categorized as the subjective approach to the plight of vic- tims, since issues are approached from the stand- point of morality, ethics, philosophy, personalized reactions, and intense emotions. Victimologists examine these same topics and incidents from a fresh, new angle: through a social science lens. Objectivity is the hallmark of any social scientific endeavor. Scientific objectivity requires that the 2 CHAPTER 1 FOCUSING ON THE PLIGHT OF CRIME VICTIMS The concept of a victim can be traced back to ancient societies. It was connected to the notion of sacrifice. In the original connotation of the term, a victim was a person or an animal put to death during a religious ceremony in order to appease some supernatural power or deity. Over the centuries, the word has picked up additional meanings. Now it commonly refers to individuals who suffer injuries, losses, or hardships for any reason. People can become victims of accidents, natural disasters, diseases, or social problems such as warfare, discrimination, political witch hunts, and other injustices. Crime victims are harmed by illegal acts. Victimization is an asymmetrical interpersonal relationship that is abusive, painful, destructive, par- asitical, and unfair. While a crime is in progress, offenders temporarily force their victims to play roles (almost as if following a script) that mimic the dynamics between predator and prey, winner and loser, victor and vanquished, and even master and slave. Many types of victimization have been out- lawed over the centuries—specific oppressive and exploitative acts, like raping, robbing, and swindling. But not all types of hurtful relationships and deceitful by officials and agencies within the criminal justice system, especially interactions with police officers, detectives, prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, probation officers, and members of parole boards. Victimologists want to know whether and to what degree crime victims experience physical wounds, economic hardships, or emotional turmoil. One aim, of course, is to devise ways to help them recover. In the aftermath of the incident, are they sad- dened, depressed, frightened, terrorized, traumatized, infuriated, or embittered? Also, victimologists want to find out how effectively the injured parties are being assisted, supported, served, accommodated, rehabili- tated, and educated to avoid further trouble. Victimol- ogists are equally curious to determine the extent to which their suffering is being totally ignored, largely neglected, belittled, manipulated, and commercially or politically exploited. Some individuals who sustain terrible injuries and devastating losses might be memorialized, honored, and even idolized, while others might be mocked, discredited, defamed, deme- aned, socially stigmatized, and even condemned for bringing about their own misfortunes. Why is this so? Victimologists also want to examine why some injured parties find their ordeals life transforming. Some become deeply alienated and withdraw from social relationships. They may become burdened by bouts of depression, sleep disorders, panic attacks, practices are forbidden by law. It is permissible to 4 CHAPTER 1 B 0 X 1.1 What the Police Mean by the Term Victimology When homicide squad detectives say they are engaged in vic- timology, they mean piecing together clues and leads from the dead person's life in order to help discover the killer's identity. Police investigators want to find out as much as possible about the deceased from interviews with the next of kin and eyewit- nesses, e-mail messages, diaries, banking deposits and with- drawals, computer files, and records of telephone calls. Detectives look into the victim's associates (by compiling lists of contacts, including friends, family members, acquaintances, rivals, and enemies), social background (lifestyle, occupation, education, marital status, secret lovers), criminal history (any prior record of arrests, convictions, and incarcerations plus any cases in which the departed served as a complainant, plaintiff, or witness against others), financial situation (sources of income, debts owed, investments, and who is next in line to inherit any property), and health issues (drinking habits, substance abuse, and other problems). Autopsy findings shed light on the final meal, the presence of any traces of recent drinking and drug taking, the cause of death, and the approx- imate time interval when the fatal confrontation took place. For example, if a drug dealer is found shot to death in an alley, detectives would construct a timeline of his last known whereabouts and activities. What were his known hangouts (bars, clubs, parks, etc.)? Investigators would seek clues to determine whether he was killed by someone above him in the hierarchy of drug trafficking or someone below who worked for him or bought controlled substances from him. Was he recently embroiled in any disputes or court cases, and did he secretly serve as a confidential informant? Who had a motive and an opportunity to slay him? (NYPD homicide detectives, 2008). When police discovered the scattered remains of a number of young women in a stretch of deserted sand dunes near a pop- ular beach, their victimological inquiries soon established a common thread: that they all had been prostitutes apparently slain by a serial killer (Swartz, 2013). Clearly, whereas victimologists want to uncover trends, patterns, and regularities that hold true for many injured par- ties in general, police investigators seek to establish in great detail everything that can be unearthed about the life and death of a particular person. “Forensic victimology" in this very pragmatic and immediate sense is undertaken to increase the odds of solving a case, apprehending a suspect, and testifying in court on behalf of a person who is no longer able to pursue justice on his or her own (see Petherick and Turvey, 2008). indifference toward the human beings they have cold bloodedly targeted as depersonalized objects that it is difficult to avoid being caught up and swept away by strong emotional currents. Consider A 22-year-old college student who aspires to become a police officer works in a bakery. But he is gunned down in his home by a gang of young men who barge in and mistake him for his look-alike younger brother, who
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Explanation & Answer



Victimology and Victimization Data




Victimology and Victimization Data
Victimology refers to the study of victims. Besides, victimization data refers to the
information associated with victims. However, according to the information obtained from
chapter a-3 of the resource provided in class, the term ‘victim’ has different meanings.
According to the “Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology 9th Edition”, the victim
concepts originate...

uraelcebsrffbe (81265)
UT Austin

Excellent! Definitely coming back for more study materials.

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