SCSD Mohammed Bin Salman as A Transformational Leader Paper

San Diego State University

Question Description

I need an explanation for this Political Science question to help me study.


Management is much different than leadership. Management is a power relationship based on formal position in a hierarchical organization. Leadership is inspirational and is not necessarily linked to formal position. Review the descriptions of leadership by the notable people I listed on the power point slides. I particularly appreciate the description made by Bill Bradley. Transformational leaders give the world a vision of what it can become.

Leadership can also be viewed as transformational or transactional. Transactional leadership is closely aligned with the actions of a manager or appealing to a persons hygiene needs while transformational can be viewed as appealing to a persons motivational needs.

Servant leadership is a form of transformational leadership and is advocated by those establishing organic organizational systems.


  1. Identify a person that you believe is a leader. ( Mohammed bin Salman ) From the characteristics of leadership that you have studied identify two leadership traits you identify with this person. In your post identify whether the person you identified is a transformational or transactional leader?
  2. Analyze one other persons posting by saying why you agree or disagree with the person they identified as being a leader.

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Management ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ Management is a power relationshipformal authority bestowed by higher organizational authority. Relies on control Plans for short term (tactical) Day to day Implementation (POSDCORB) Leadership is About Regenerating Mobilizing Common Values ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ Leadership is inseparable from followers needs and goals. Motivating others to take actions they normally would not take with or without consideration of personal gain. Summoned forth by human wants, the task of leadership is to accomplish change that reshapes and responds to those wants. People interpret environment according to their values. Needs are shaped by values. Leadership ➢ Leaders exercise formal and informal leadership ➢ Formal based on rank or office ➢ Informal based on decision of others to give committed service because of respect or admiration for leader. ➢ Nothing to do with titles and org charts & everything to do with ability to influence people ➢ Text says leader must project optimism even in the face of dire circumstances ➢ Fake it even if you don’t feel it What Is Leadership ◼ Set of actions that will align, excite, or propel a group toward a common goal. Jeff Klein ◼ Leadership is the ability to decide what is to be done and then get other to want to do it-Dwight Eisenhower ◼ ◼ ◼ Leadership in inducing followers to act for certain goals that represent the values and motivation-the wants and needs, the aspirations and expectations- of both the leaders and followers-James McGregor Burns Activity of mobilizing people to tackle the toughest problems and do the adaptive work necessary to achieve progress-Ronald Heifetz Leadership is the art of mobilizing others to want to struggle for shared aspirations- James Kouzes, Barry Posner What Is Leadership (cont) ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ Leadership is the art of accomplishing more than the science of management says is possible-Colin Powell Get people to do what they have never done before, to do non-routine tasks, to take risks-and sometimes even diefor the common good-Jay Shafritz Public leadership is the inspiration and mobilization of others to undertake collective action in pursuit of the common good-Barbara Cosby Leadership is a process by which a leader influences others to accomplish the mission, by providing purpose, direction, and motivation-U.S. Army ◼ To be a transformative leader is to give the world a vision of what it can become-Bill Bradley ◼ Get people to do things never done before or are not routine-Susan Komives Transactional Leadership ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Occurs when one person receives something of value and therefore responds in the way desired by a second person. Leader attempt to satisfy the needs of followers by focusing on exchanges. Transactional leaders exchange things of value with subordinates to advance their own agenda Transactional leaders are influential because it is in the best interest of subordinates to follow the leader. Kenneth Blanchard-Transactional Contingency Leadership Transformational Leadership ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ ❖ Exists when followers desire to maximize their potential or to fulfill a purpose greater than their own interests. Leader raises the conduct, motivation and aspirations of the leader and led, thus has a transforming effect on both. Creates new attitudes, beliefs, cultures & values. Creates common networks of responsibility. Causes people to rise above narrow interests to pursue transcending goals. Disturbing people to change at a rate they can absorb Transformational Leadership ◼ Create an organization constantly adapting to the complexity around it while avoiding constant disruption to parts of organization that should remain stable Principles of Transformative Leadership Kouzes & Posner ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Inspire a shared vision Challenge the ProcessChange Experiment Model the Way-Set example, advocate values Enable Others To ActConsensus Goals, delegation of powerintegrative solutions Encourage the Heart-High expectations, positive, celebrate Bennis ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Create a Compelling Vision Curiosity & Daring-Take risks, understand failure Create Trust-Integrity, honesty, learn from others Create Empowering Environment-Create sense of meaning, of community Passion-Hope for success, love what you do Characteristics of Transformative Leadership Gardner ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Vision Synthesize complex interests into common framework Skill to build coalitions Build informal power outside sphere of formal authoritymedia. Win and hold trust Heifetz ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Identify and integrate values for common good Intuitive-identify competing values, tolerance for change. Challenges people to face new perspectives. Paces change-people can absorb just so much loss Machiavellian Leadership ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ Ends justifies means. It is much safer to be feared than loved. Hatred is acquired through good deeds as well as bad ones. A man who makes a profession of good will come to ruin from so many who are not good. Liberality leads you to be hated so there is wisdom in meanness. A leader to keep his followers united and faithful should not care about cruelty. Much safer to be feared then loved. Choose wise men as advisors and only these will be allowed to provide advice and then only when asked. A leader who can command and keeps the people inspired will never be deceived by them. Text-micromanagement will not make a competent employee more competent Servant Leadership ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ Listening-understand the other side Empathy-walk in the others shoes Healing-help others to solve issues & conflicts Awareness-Self-awareness-situational awarenessintuition Commitment to growth of people-people have intrinsic value beyond contribution as workers Persuasion-persuasion vs positional authority. Consensus building. Conceptualization-think beyond day to day realities. Visioning the future. Big goals Servant Leadership ◼ ◼ ◼ ◼ Foresight-understand lessons of past, realities of present & likely consequences of alternative actions for the future. Risk taking-provide freedom for followers to exercise their own judgement and independently use their abilities in solving problems. Stewardship-serve needs of others & understand mission holistically. Building community-recognize others, collaborate, understand motivations and needs of others Organizational Application of Leadership Skills Influence internal & external environments Executive Organizational Influence Units Influence Individuals Direct Technical Leadership Communication Conceptual ...
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Mohammed bin Salman as a Transformational leader



Mohammed bin Salman can be considered as one of the most powerful leaders, especially in the
Middle East, because of his leadership traits. For Mo...

Cornell University

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