Humanities
MUSC Addressing the Increasingly Tightening Of H1B Visa Program Paper

Medical University of South Carolina

Question Description

I don’t understand this Political Science question and need help to study.

Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Environment Section

In the policy environment section of the policy analysis, you will describe the past and/or present policies that are relevant to the problem. This policy is usually created by laws or regulated by governmental agencies International organizations, such as the United Nations, that monitor, control, or impose conditions, may also serve to mitigate or resolve the problem. The policy environment could also include NGOs (non-governmental agencies) that act as watchdogs or intervene in an attempt to influence stakeholders and/or outcomes.

Requirements:

Length: 3-4 pages

References: In-text citations and Reference page

Avoid plagiarism. Any evidence of plagiarism will result in a zero score for this and all subsequent sections.

Use the headings and subheadings as described for APA

Each paragraph should have a clear topic sentence and concluding sentence.

Proofread carefully. There should be no errors in sentence structure (FRAG, CS) or grammatical errors, such as wrong word forms, subject-verb agreement, verb tense/form.

You must use the format of the attached sample paper(of another topic). Make sure the outline is the same as the sample paper.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

AS B 5 Pre-Master’s/Master’s Preparation Program Policy Analysis Paper: Policy Environment Section In the policy environment section of the policy analysis, you will describe the past and/or present policies that are relevant to the problem. This policy is usually created by laws or regulated by governmental agencies International organizations, such as the United Nations, that monitor, control, or impose conditions, may also serve to mitigate or resolve the problem. The policy environment could also include NGOs (non-governmental agencies) that act as watchdogs or intervene in an attempt to influence stakeholders and/or outcomes. In the student model, the writer analyzes the policies related to the protection of children and the prohibition of sex trafficking of children. Peer Review: Wednesday, March 25 via Google Doc. Invite your partner to share. Due Date: Friday, March 27 at 11:59 p.m. Requirements: Length: 3-4 pages References: In-text citations and Reference page Avoid plagiarism. Any evidence of plagiarism will result in a zero score for this and all subsequent sections. Use the headings and subheadings as described for APA Each paragraph should have a clear topic sentence and concluding sentence. Proofread carefully. There should be no errors in sentence structure (FRAG, CS) or grammatical errors, such as wrong word forms, subject-verb agreement, verb tense/form. AS B 5 Pre-Master’s/Master’s Preparation Program Student Model ________________________________________________________ COMBATING THAI CHILD SEX TRAFFICKING Policy Environment Section Human trafficking for child sex exploitation involves many stakeholders and requires policies to stop and to assist victims in recovery and reintegration. Policies, including global as well as national legislation and non-governmental agencies (NGOs) are the essential tools to combat human trafficking (ECPAT International, 2011; UNICRI, n.d.) As human trafficking for child sex exploitation is a serious issue that violates the human rights of children and causes physical and psychological harm, there are some international conventions, national laws, and policies from NGOs created to protect children and to eliminate, or at the very least, decrease the sex trade. Public Sector Policies International Instruments. As the human trafficking for child sex exploitation is a serious issue that catches the attention worldwide, there are several international legal instruments for this issue, such as the Convention of the Rights of the Child, the Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect to Intercountry Adoption, and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. AS B 5 Pre-Master’s/Master’s Preparation Program According to United Nations Interregional Crime and Justine Research Institute (UNICRI), the national policy in Thailand on children and youth has been sketched under the standards and norms of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) that Thailand ratified in 1992; in fact, Thailand was also one of the central committees in the United Nations for this instrument. The United Nations General Assembly set up standards of health care, education and other social as well as legal services for children in 1089. The basic human rights are that every child has the right to survive, grow, and be guarded from harm, abuse, as well as exploitation, and to completely join in family, cultural, and social life. Moreover, Thailand also has ratified the Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect to Inter-Country Adoption in 2004, which is a global agreement to protect intercountry adoptions with the aim to stop abduction, sale of, or trafficking in children. Under this convention, it is regulated that certain main adoption services can only be provided by the adoption agencies that have been accredited on a federal level, and the adoption should be transparent that the agencies have to itemize and reveal the fees and assessed related costs in writing before providing the adoption services (UNICRI, n.d.; Hague Conference on Private International Law, 1993). Lastly, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UN Trafficking Protocol), signed internationally, is to combat human trafficking in women and children, to defend victims’ human rights, to provide them with help such as housing, counseling, education, and medical as well as psychological assistance, and to AS B 5 Pre-Master’s/Master’s Preparation Program improve the cooperation between states or countries (United Nations General Assembly, 2000). However, ECPAT-International (2011) points out that Thailand has not ratified this protocol. Thai legislation and policies. UNICRI reveals two laws that Thailand passed to deal with human trafficking. First, the Prostitution Prevention and Suppression Act, B.E 2539, was passed in 1996, replacing the Prostitution Suppression Act in 1960. The new policy revises the previous act that focused on criminalizing prostitutes and lessens the punishment on criminal prostitution (UNICRI, n.d.; ECPAT International, 2001). In the new act, customers prostituting children under 18 will be put in jail for one to six years, and their parents selling their children for prostitution will be imprisoned for four to twenty years with their guardianship repealed. Second, the measures in Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Women and Children Act, B.E 2540, modifies the Traffic of Women and Girls Act of 1928, expanding to cover boys and girls under the age of 18 (UNICRI, n.d.) In addition to national laws, based on the United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking (UNIAP, 2010), the Thai government also has policies for victim identification and shelters. To identify victims, the police and the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security play an important role in that the police screens victims first on-site, and the identification interview will be carried out within one day from the first inspection at the police station or a shelter; as for the policy of shelter, once the victims are identified, they will be settled in a shelter with medical, psychological, recreational, and educational aids (UNIAP, 2010). AS B 5 Pre-Master’s/Master’s Preparation Program Private Sector Policies Non-governmental agencies. There are several NGOs paying close attention to the child trafficking issues, especially commercial sex exploitation, in Thailand, such as the End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children (ECPAT International), and the Anti-Trafficking Coordination Unit of Norther Thailand (TRAFCORD, 2010). According to ECPAT International, ECPAT International endeavors to end commercial sexual exploitation of children, and works on the Stockholm Agenda for Action, develops training modules and learning tools for police training courses, conducts research, offers information to groups that need references to construct a national plan, encourages young people to join in solving the problems, offers help to victims, and holds campaigns to help victims and promotes social awareness of this criminal issue; generally, the key concepts of the policies of ECPAT International are “coordination, cooperation, prevention, protection [ . . . ] and rehabilitation” (ECPAT International, 2011) Another NGO, the TRAFCORD, plays the intermediate role between governmental and private organizations for giving support to victims, providing trustworthy information, and promoting awareness of the human trafficking problem. Overall, the policy of TRAFCORD is to improve the law enforcement, provide social welfare to victims, and to hold prevention activities, such as teaching life skills for groups of potential victims. AS B 5 Pre-Master’s/Master’s Preparation Program Conclusion Several policies currently address the problem of child sex exploitation on both national and international level. Non-governmental agencies also actively work to save the children from prostitution. However, as the problem is ongoing, many children are still exploited for the sex trade. Thailand can consider ratifying the UN Trafficking Protocol, instead of merely signing it, pay more attention to the most defenseless children, such as those who have no birth registration or those whose families live in poverty. The government must also take steps to enforce laws prohibiting this criminal activity especially in areas that cater to the tourist trade. ________________________________________________________ The next section will discuss the policy options. There are three positions in relation to policy options: status quo (no change); modifications; new policies. This part is more complex because it requires looking at the strengths and weaknesses of the current policies. ...
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Final Answer

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Outline for: Policy Research Paper
Task: Addressing the increasingly tightening of the H1B visa program
Paragraph 1
Contains the policy environment of the policy research paper
Paragraphs 2 and 3
Contains public sector policies of the policy research paper
Paragraphs 4 and 5
Contains US legislation and policies of the policy research paper
Paragraphs 6 and 7
Contains private sector policies of the policy research paper
Paragraph 8
Contains conclusion of the policy research paper


Running Head: POLICY RESEARCH PAPER

Addressing the increasingly tightening of the H1B Visa Program
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course
Date

1

POLICY RESEARCH PAPER

2

Addressing the increasingly tightening of the H1B Visa Program
Policy Environment Section
Immigration involves migrating into a foreign country to live there permanently. There has
been increased strictness in the process of an H1B visa program that includes many different
stakeholders in the United States of America (Mitchell, Ed 2016). The problem of delayed H1B
and visa processing in the United States calls for essential policies involving the global, national,
and non-governmental agencies. The issue of waiting for long durations before being processed
for a visa requires intervention by both internation...

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