Business Finance
MGT 303 University of Tennessee at Martin The Big Four Research paper

mgt 303

University of Tennessee at Martin


Question Description

Can you help me understand this Management question?


Identify three “similar” organizations and explain how they do what they do... by

identifying their similarities and dissimilarities.

Parts/Components of the paper:

1. Identify which three organizations in USA

2. Describe the organizations (*This is not a mutually exhaustive list... just something to

get you going)

a. Industry

b. How large are they

c. Where do they operate

d. How do they operate

3. How are they similar?

4. How are they dissimilar?

5. Which one do you think is operating the most efficiently? Why?

6. What recommendations do you have for all three?

I will send Guidelines file for Research Paper

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Guidelines for Research Paper Your essay should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides. You should use 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page (except the Title Page). To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References. Title Page Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial(s), and last name. Do not use titles (Dr.) or degrees (PhD). Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author(s) conducted the research. Abstract Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header (described above). On the first line of the abstract page, center the word “Abstract” (bold). Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. In-text Citations Article One author Two authors Three or more Direct cite Long quotes Block quotes Headers APA Style uses a unique headings system to separate and classify paper sections. There are 5 heading levels in APA. The 6th edition of the APA manual revises and simplifies previous heading guidelines. Regardless of the number of levels, always use the headings in order, beginning with level 1. The format of each level is illustrated below: APA Headings Level Format 1 Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings 2 Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading 3 Indented, boldface, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. 4 Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. 5 Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. References Single Author Last name first, followed by author initials. Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10. Two Authors List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of "and." Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048. Three to Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand. Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204. More Than Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335 Two or more works by the same author Order chronologically starting with the oldest e.g. (1981) e.g. (1982) Basic Format for Books Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Note: For "Location," you should always list the city and the state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods (New York, NY). Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Edited Book, No Author Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation. Edited Book with an Author or Authors Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor. ...
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Final Answer

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Organizations Research Paper
Institutional Affiliation




This research compares three of the big four accounting firms, including Deloitte, PwC, and
KPMG. Previous studies mostly focused on the revenues of the big four, but this research
focuses on the properties of the organizations by providing their similarities and dissimilarities.
The organization that operates most efficiently is found to be Deloitte, and a recommendation is
provided at the end of the paper for the organizations to stay separate from their member firms.



Organizations Research Paper
Organizations, according to Hogan (2017), refer to a group of people brought together by a
specific purpose and are organized to attempt and achieve that common purpose. Mondal,
Chowdhury, and Basu (2016) explain that the significant benefit of comparing organizations is
that one will get an understanding of the advantages and disadvantages and know which one to
choose for specific situations. In this article, three organizations will get compared, which
include Deloitte, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), and Ernst & Young (EY). The selected
organizations are three of the organizations known as “The Big Four” firms in accounting, as
Gow and Kells (2018) explain.
Background of the Organizations
To understand where the big four came from, it is necessary to have a look at the history of
the organizations. Gow and Kells (2018) explain that the big four, as they are presently known,
were the big eight at the dawn of the twentieth century. Before the big eight came into being,
there were small accounting firms scattered around the world. Simunic and Biddle (2019)
explains that as a result of the growing need for companies to operate on a global scale,
accounting firms needed to have a global reach which is why the big eight got formed. Toward
the end of the twentieth century, however, the big eight firms eyed each other as Simunic and
Biddle (2019) further assert, which led to the merges of organization pairs to become the big
five. In the year 2002, however, there was a scandal with one of the big five firms known as
Arthur Andersen, which resulted in its collapse (Gow & Kells, 2018). This scandal was known as
the Enron scandal, which led to the remaining big four. The reason for selecting Deloitte, ...

bilhamay (14638)
Purdue University

Return customer, been using sp for a good two years now.

Thanks as always for the good work!

Excellent job