Science
Ashford University Basic Biology Questions

Question Description

I need an explanation for this Biology question to help me study.

ANSWER the Question down by following

use grammar, syntax, and punctuation appropriate to the academic environment with the ultimate

goal of clear and effective communication

o support their own opinions with references from the reading(s) and course material

o above all, be respectful of others and their opinions, particularly when opinions differ.


o One (1) initial post expressing a thoughtful, unique answer to the discussion question(s). Your

initial post should:

o cover the subject of the question(s) adequately with specific references showcasing your

understanding of the reading.

o demonstrate reflection and integration of the reading with personal experiences.

be 300-500 words in length.


DB#1:
How do you know what you know? Tell us something you know. How do you know that? Is it true, are you right?

DB#2:
Based on this week’s reading, what do you think of Espinoza’s definition of critical thinking and wisdom? Do you agree or disagree? Why? Give an example to support your position.
CHAPTERS FROM THE TEXTBOOK: ARTICLES:

DB#3:
Rephrase or summarize Kuhn’s definition of a paradigm. What effect do paradigms have on the way science operates? Give an example of how this occurs.

CHAPTERS FROM THE TEXTBOOK:

ARTICLES:

DB#4:
What is the “Law of Nature” according to Lewis in the reading? How is the Law of Nature distinguished from other laws? How do the Laws of Nature differ in the Lewis reading vs. the video?.

CHAPTERS FROM THE TEXTBOOK:

ARTICLES/VIDEOS:


DB#5:

Do you think Hooke would agree that the epistemology of science depends on paradigms? Why or why not? Include specific examples from the reading.

CHAPTERS FROM THE TEXTBOOK:

ARTICLES:


DB#6:

What do you see as the potential benefits and main drawbacks of CRISPR? Do you think it is more likely to help or hurt? Why?
DB#7:
Select and summarize one of the short articles linked under “Broad News” on the CRISPR Research News page.
( https://www.broadinstitute.org/project-spotlight/crispr-news-and-press-releases)


CHAPTERS FROM THE TEXTBOOK:

WEBSITE:


DB#8:
What are some of the pros and cons of the decision resulting from the Spotted Owl controversy discussed in the article and video? What is your take on the lasting lessons to be learned from it?

CHAPTERS FROM THE TEXTBOOK:

ARTICLES:

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Final Answer

Attached.

Running head: BASIC BIOLOGY

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Basic Biology
Student Name
Institution Affiliation

BASIC BIOLOGY

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Basic Biology
DB#1:
Epistemology entails an understanding on how we arrive at knowing that something is
precisely the case, if it is a matter of fact, for instance, "the warming of the Earth'' or a matter
regarding value like people ought not to be treated as means to the ends of other people. It does
not necessarily ask questions concerning what we ought to do in finding out the thing which is the
ultimate task of disciplines to some range, for example, anthropology and history (ANDREW,
2019).
You can know that you know something by looking at the facts or things that you have
always known that they are true. Consequently, when we do not question whatever we think or
assume to be true since we wind upholding the belief that such things are not false (Clark, Douglas,
& Choi, 2018). This most likely takes place when the authority in place tells that something is the
case. Our mothers are not the only authorities we can rely on as a source of knowledge. Other
authorities that are common and we can depend on them include teachers, our school, churches,
and the government.
Additionally, you can know that you know something because you have had an experience
of it directly. For instance, you know that an electric fence is painful and dangerous if you have
ever touched it while you are standing in a pool of water. This means that you have the time that
you are in a position to recall when we did learn something through an experience that we had
with it.
Something I know about only children is that children who are brought up without siblings grow
up while they are unpleasant and spoiled. This is because those do not grow with siblings turn out
to be worse as compared to their counterparts who grow up with siblings, especially in the

BASIC BIOLOGY

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development of good skills of socialization. I find this to be the truth because in this case, we often
learn that there are things that someone else knows to be true is not the truth after all. Sometimes
I find my assumptions to be correct.
DB#2:
As far as Espinoza is concerned, critical thinking is referred to as a way of forming an
opinion based on a minimum of two perspectives, whereas wisdom is seen as using three more
even more viewpoints. Undeniably, it is known that, in the contemporary world, knowledge has
since then become fragmented. Therefore, critical thinking is believed to have a very crucial
property that ways at it paves the for a change between understanding and knowledge.
I agree with the fact that critical thinking and a clear understanding is more desirable as compared
to knowledge or even information. Nevertheless, without where there is no ability to think
critically, one is likely not to exercise judgement. This is very crucial in the assessment of
information, for instance, one which the internet provides, which is perhaps one of the most
common sources of information that is available to date.
In addition, the foundation of critical thinking is thinking, one of the things I consider as
more imperative in contrast to knowledge acquisition itself. Thus, I hold the conviction that the
most vital skill that teachers can impart in the students towards developing any subject is the ability
to be reflective. This means that as you keep reading, you ought to engage with the reading material
actively and not being any other passive participant. This allows you to discover that science, as
well as scientific knowledge, are prone to criticism and not just being accepted. This becomes very
important where you are faced with statements which have been prepared in the style of science
or those that are strictly speaking (Espinoza & Ukleja, 2016).

BASIC BIOLOGY

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Where one lacks critical thinking, this exposes one at the mercy ...

puritymaruga (7987)
Purdue University

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