Health Medical
OHR 2B UConn Awareness of Nurses Staff of The Military Hospital in Saudi Arabia Paper


University of Connecticut


Question Description

I’m trying to study for my Health & Medical course and I need some help to understand this question.


Compose and proof (make it perfect in spelling and grammar) the methods section of your research proposal, with appropriate reference citations. Assure that you have explained solid effort t assure the validity and the reliability of your data and interpretations.

I will upload all assignments has been done before:

1- Annotated Bibliography.

2- IRB OHR-2B form ( Include the topic)

3- literature review of my topic.

Please do your best.

It should be 1,5 up to 2 pages.

Collage level.

This would be used in the final proposal, I will send another assignment for the final proposal.

add any references that would enhance my methods and proposal.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 1 "How the awareness of nurses staff of the Military Hospital's EOP is critical in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia." Nofal, A., Alfayyad, I., Khan, A., Al Aseri, Z., & Abu-Shaheen, A. (2018). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of emergency department staff towards disaster and AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 2 emergency preparedness at tertiary health care hospital in central Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal, 39(11), 1123. The main objective of the article is to evaluate the knowledge and practices of the management of the disaster. The research journal primarily seeks to assess how the emergency department staff in Saudi Arabia are prepared to handle any eventuality. Urgency is characterized as a severe event, which must be resolved urgently, but which does not have an immediate character. That is, there must be a commitment to be treated and can be planned so that a patient is not at risk of death. Any form of emergency is a dire situation that must be handled immediately. Otherwise, a patient may die or present an irreversible sequel. Although the research study offers proposals on how the nursing or medical staff, in general, can be prepared to handle emergencies, the suggestions may not work across the board. It is vital to mention that nursing participates in all processes, both in urgency and emergency should be prepared to counter crises in healthcare establishments. Also, there are several departments where nursing professionals can work within a healthcare establishment. Besides, nursing professionals must be attentive and prepared to act in urgent and emergencies, as professional training, dedication, and theoretical and practical knowledge will make a difference at the crucial moment of patient care. Often, these skills are not trained, and when the emergency occurs, what may be seen is professionals running from side to side without objectivity and with difficulties in attending to the patient while still afraid to approach the situation. On the other hand, when there is an adequate number of trained, qualified, and motivated teams, emergency services are performed much more quickly and efficiently and can, in most cases, save many lives. Nursing works daily with patients at risk of death and who depend on this care to maintain their lives. The nursing team's actions always aim to assist the patient in the best possible AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 3 way, thus expressing the quality and importance of our profession. Studying, training, practicing are necessary actions for the professional development of nurses, technicians, and nursing assistants, so being concerned with the activities developed in the day to day work is fundamental. Phillips, P., Niedergesaess, Y., Powers, R., & Brandt, R. (2012). Disaster preparedness: emergency planning in the NICU. Neonatal Network, 31(1), 5-15. From the journal article, a disaster refers to an emergency that is either natural or artificial. The capability of a hospital can, therefore, be compromised when disasters strike. The attention of healthcare institutions has been recently captured. The term "hospital" is used to facilitate the identification of a specific health service. Therefore, it refers in a broad sense to all health establishments, from the least complex ones, such as health posts and centers, to those of reference. National and specialized institutes. The integral concept of security is adopted, understanding that it is a health establishment that has the maximum possible protection in the face of a natural disaster. Thus, the structure of the health establishment remains upright, and without significant damage (protection of life and the occupants), its facilities and equipment remain operational (investment protection), and its assistance services are not significantly affected (function protection). Even if all this is achieved, it will be necessary that the access routes to the health establishment remain operational. Other essential services or vital lines, such as drinking water, electricity, telecommunications, among others, should also continue to provide services to the hospital to ensure its continuous operation at full capacity, The maximum installed capacity of an establishment is related to the optimum amount of services that the establishment can produce, making optimal use of the maximum number of AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 4 beds, personnel, and supplies usually available. This service should be provided in the same building, that is, without evacuating the health facility. It may expand the hospital's capacity by including areas where health care is not usually provided, such as auditoriums, waiting rooms, corridors, health care areas. Vehicle parking, and so on. The protection of the lives of patients, staff, and visits to the health establishment should be fulfilled from the moment the adverse event occurs and must continue in the phases of response, rehabilitation, and reconstruction. Shalhoub, A. A. B., Khan, A. A., & Alaska, Y. A. (2017). Evaluation of disaster preparedness for mass casualty incidents in private hospitals in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal, 38(3), 302. The article aims to identify and discuss how critical private hospitals in Riyadh are prepared to manage disasters. The researchers carried out a cross-sectional study within five months. Most of the hospitals surveyed had a bed capacity of at least 100 patients. From the conclusion of the research, monitoring, training, and education exhibited weaknesses that impeded emergency care provided to patients. Any program for preparing for emergencies and attending to disasters, however well designed and conceptual and technical, must be subject to continuous assessment of processes. In particular, those related to the organization, the availability of material and financial resources, training and availability of staff, coordination mechanisms, and the availability and functionality of specific operating programs need thorough assessment. For each area considered relevant, it is advisable to use questionnaires that establish the objectives of the evaluation, the use of fundamental indicators, the critical questions on the subject being assessed, as well as the appropriate selection of information sources. The AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 5 critical components to be evaluated in a preparation plan are country, state, or municipality profile on risks and vulnerabilities to disaster situations. In this component, the information should be collected on the most frequent disasters that have affected the country, state, or municipality. The population's vulnerability to different threats should also be mapped out. The risks related to social violence and the institutional resources available to the country, state, or municipality can be used to confront these situations. It is of particular importance to verify the existence of laws and regulations related to human settlements in areas at risk, mechanisms that the country, state, or municipality has for risk management, community organization, and the capacity to respond in disaster situations. Al Thobaity, A., Plummer, V., Innes, K., & Copnell, B. (2015). Perceptions of knowledge of disaster management among military and civilian nurses in Saudi Arabia. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 18(3), 156-164. Some critics argue that nurses are not well-endowed with disaster preparedness skills. Of course, nursing curricula do not cover disaster preparedness. Therefore, nurses lack the much-needed core competencies in disaster preparedness and management. Although that has been the case for a long time, nurses should be equipped with disaster management. The following approach could be taken. A study can be carried out to explore the disaster preparedness, related factors, and disaster education needs of clinical nurses. A cross-section and correlation study design may be used. The questionnaire should include three parts: general information, disaster preparedness scale, and disaster nursing education needs. The nurse's disaster preparedness score points can then be obtained. The influencing factors include the title of the nursing staff, the clinical workplace, and the department. The preferred contents of the survey participants' need for AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 6 disaster nursing education are essential life support, crush syndrome rescue, and community disaster prevention. The most suitable teaching method for disaster preparedness is training and exercises that simulate disaster scenarios. Therefore, the ability of nurses to prepare for disasters needs to be improved. It is proper to carry out multi-faceted and systematic continuing education and training for disaster preparedness to improve the disaster preparedness of clinical nurses in disaster-prone areas. Moreover, there are also recent nursing curricular that have been developed on disaster management that can be immensely helpful in equipping nurses for emergency preparedness. Mills, A., Helm, J., & Wang, Y. (2018). Surge capacity deployment in hospitals: effectiveness of response and mitigation strategies. Kelley School of Business Research Paper (17-35). From the research study, emergency patients hardly get adequate space in most major hospital establishments. The management finds it cumbersome to manage the surge capacity and, therefore, unable to maintain a high influx of patients at any given time. Managers can create a surge capacity. However, resources often impede such endeavors. The research article also highlights the need to supply extra medical services when patients increase in number. Although the problem definition from the research paper is comprehensive, there are other opportunities to develop surge capacities in different hospital departments. In the new era, with the emergence of modern technology, it has become more dynamic. For hospital operations, it is even more powerful. Before, there was only the PC Internet or mobile Internet. Now there is not only a WeChat public account but also various software and small Procedure, making patients feel more convenient in medical treatment. AWARENESS OF NURSES STAFF OF THE HOSPITAL’S EOP 7 Although the era of science and technology is changing, people's demand for health has always been the same. Hence, the hospital administration should seize these points, the cost structure, the introduction of talent in the hospital, the efficiency of various foot effort from top to bottom, to make the hospital booming, it also reduces unnecessary investment. In hospital operations management, there is a need to achieve "quality and efficiency." Hence, he must be fast, accurate and relentless, clear hospital key departments, core competencies, and of course the interests of the staff point of view, it is the hospital's core competencies prepare a checklist and matrix to improve service delivery. In the case of a model, managers can take the horizontal axis as the walking path, and clarify the more valuable medical and health service products of the hospital. The latter is necessary for determining whether patients are receiving useful services. PI: IRB Control #: Page 1 of 11 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 OHR-2B Version Date: MM/DD/YYYY Version Number: X.X SUMMARY OF NON-INTERVENTIONAL HUMAN SUBJECTS RESEARCH Version Date – FOR OHR USE: 11/4/19 Use this form for social and behavioral research, research on education, questionnaire studies, and other prospective studies not involving drugs, devices or medical/surgical procedures. Please address all applicable points to create a complete and succinct synopsis of the protocol. Use language, insofar as is possible, that can be understood by a layperson, and provide meanings for all acronyms used. Attach surveys, discussion/interview guides. Form must be typewritten. For Non-Medical and Lower Risk Studies: Several sections in this form may not apply to your study, such as questions about standard of care, medical records, external monitors, and MCARE. If these or other questions do not apply, please indicate ‘NA’ as your response. PART A- SUMMARY OF STUDY 1. Provide a brief (2-3 sentences) lay language synopsis of the study. The study explores whether the nurses in Military Hospitals are conversant with an emergency operation plan (EOP) and if they use it to respond to disasters. The emergency operation plan helps in outlining how facilities will respond to emergencies in a timely and effective manner. While nurses may be qualified in their respective fields of deployment, they need to understand how to apply emergency operation plan to respond to disasters. 2. Objectives and Significance a. State the primary objective(s) of the study. To find out the if the nurses in Military Hospitals have understand what is an emergency operation plan and what it entails. b. State the secondary objectives(s) of the study. To evaluate if the Military Hospital’s emergency operation plan covers how to manage disaster surge, and do the nurses capabilities meet the EOP requirements during patients surge. c. What benefit or knowledge will be gained? One will know if the staff in the Military Hospitals understand what is an emergency operation plan and what it entails. This is vital as it will help understand if they need training regarding EOP and its importance in disaster management and recovery. d. State research question or hypothesis you are testing. How the awareness of nurses’ staff to EOP is critical in the Military Hospitals in disaster management and recovery. 3. Briefly describe the background and rationale for the research/evaluative study (whichever is appropriate) in lay language. Please limit response to one paragraph. State the perceived problem and why it is being investigated. (Do not include references and please do not cut and paste grant application or review articles.) Emergency operation plans are usually established in hospitals to cater for emergencies that may arise from time to time. In most cases, nurses within the hospital premises are in a position to cater PI: IRB Control #: Page 2 of 11 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 OHR-2B Version Date: MM/DD/YYYY Version Number: X.X for patients affected by a disaster. However, most nursing staff are usually not aware of the emergency operation plan which may bring confusion during times of emergencies which is the reason it is of major concern and reason for the study. 4. Briefly describe the research/evaluative study design. (Use charts and flow diagrams if applicable. “See protocol” is not an acceptable response.) In order to determine if the nurses in the Military Hospital are conversant with the EOP, sampling will be done where some nurses are randomly interviewed. They will be asked on how familiar they are with the EOP and whether they received training regarding the same. They will be asked whether they know the elements the Military Hospital’s EOP entails. a. Subjects Nurses in the Military Hospitals are the subjects in this research who are to be interviewed b. Procedures: Explain study procedures/methods. Nurses are interviewed randomly to see their knowledge on EOP. Their reactions to the questions are observed. c. Data analysis: Provide the methods by which the study objectives/aims will be assessed or measured, i.e., statistical analysis plan, qualitative research methods such as procedures for conducting theme analysis and enhancing validity, program evaluation methods and analysis plan, or mixed methods analysis plan. For a quantitative study, include what statistical tools will be applied and how the study is powered, if appropriate. Pilot studies do not require a statistical plan but need to outline how the results will be used to power future studies. statistical techniques such as Fisher’s exact test may be used to analyze data collected. 5. Delineate procedures that are standard of care from those that are being performed specifically for the research. While it is important to consider all nurses when doing the survey, this is not the case from our research. This is because sampling will be done randomly among the nurses. Therefore, this might give information that is skewed in some way because it will not represent all nurses in the Military Hospital. 6. How will accuracy of data be assessed? To ensure that my data is accurate, I will continue asking more nurses in the Military Hospitals of their exposure to EOP. This is to ensure the data collected is reliable. 7. Identify the sources of data obtained about human subjects in the form of specimens, records Sources of data in this research include interviews with the nurses in the Military Hospitals as well as observation of their reaction when responding to the questions about EOP. PI: IRB Control #: Page 3 of 11 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 8. The following steps must be taken to ensure that identifiable data remains confidential and secure. Please check each box to confirm your understanding. There are fields below to provide explanations and to describe deviations as well as additional measures. a. ✓ A separate research chart must be maintained apart from the medical record/chart of the subject. b. ✓ There are 18 identifiers described in 45 CFR 164.514 that make data identifiable. To be considered de-identified, data must not contain any of the identifiers (also see OHR-5 for list of identifiers). c. ✓ When not in use, identifiable data should be stored in a locked cabinet or desk in a locked room. d. ✓ Access to the data should be limited. Only the individuals who need the data should have access. e. ✓ If hardcopies of identifiable data must be taken to another building, a locked container such as a banker bag should be used. The container should be marked with instructions for returning the container if misplaced. f. If hardcopies of identifiable data must be mailed, there must be a contract in place which specifies the method of doing this. The data should be placed in one envelope inside of another envelope. Both envelopes should have tamper-evident seals and should be addressed to the specific recipient. Signatures should be required for receipt, or lockable mailboxes should be used. g. ✓ If research data is stored on your work computer, encryption software must be installed on the computer. Contact IS&T if you are not sure if the encryption software is installed. h. ✓ PHI may be emailed between Jefferson email addresses. Jefferson email must not be sent from or forwarded to a non-Jefferson email address such as your personal email. i. Research data and PHI should not be stored on portable devices including laptops. If research data must be stored on a portable device, contact IS&T. j. ✓ External monitors will only be given access to subjects’ medical records as specified in the signed consent form. k. ✓ Research data and PHI must be maintained per Jefferson policies. If you have any explanations for, or deviations to the items listed above, please describe them: If applicable, please describe any additional measures that will be taken: PART B- SUBJECTS AND FACILITIES 1. What is the expected number of subjects to be enrolled? No. subjects per year Up to: 100 135 OHR-2B Version Date: MM/DD/YYYY Version Number: X.X Total No. subjects Up to: 100 No. Subjects Nationally or Internationally (if applicable) 20 No. subjects at collaborating Institutions (if a ...
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Final Answer

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Final Proposal
“How the Awareness of Nurse’s Staff of the Military Hospital's EOP is Critical in the Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia”



As much as seamless healthcare provision is vital for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
matters seeking urgent medical redress need to be resolved as quickly as possible to avoid
disenfranchising the larger population. The involvement of nurses in both urgent and
emergencies should not be wished away and instead, be made the focal point towards the
successful containment of such cases. The risks nurses expose themselves to while in line of duty
espouse utmost sacrifice despite the vulnerability.
Purpose statement
The purpose of this study is to show the essence of awareness and preparedness in
ensuring a functional nursing team in Saudi Arabia (Shalhoub, A. A. B., Khan, A. A., & Alaska,
Y. A. 2017). Moreover, the study evaluates the contributions of private hospitals in dis...

Carnegie Mellon University

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