Writing
American Military University Understanding Biased Media Reflective Paper

American Military University

Question Description

I’m trying to study for my English course and I need some help to understand this question.

Consolidate the attached information into one complete APA paper that flows and makes sense. Also add another 500 words and two more references. Include reference page.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Opening Determining whether a media source is bias or unbiased can sometimes be a difficult thing. From politics to products we use on a daily basis the media can change the facts or omit data in order to achieve their intended message. Most media sources are generally trustworthy but they also will use loaded words in order to influence the opinions and emotions to favor their or someone else’s interest. Media should be truthful, honest, and unbiased in order to let people form their own opinions and decisions. People can naturally distinguish between these perceptions, at times inferring bias without inferring untrustworthiness (Wallace, L. E., et. al., 2019). Additionally, the role of media outlets is to provide information that is impossible for people to gather and find out themselves. This information should be clear and fact based with no underline goals or outcomes. Closing The proper dissemination and understanding of information is up to all personnel. Newspapers should have the same standards across every outlet and they should be held accountable to these. Although this is sometimes opinion based, media outlets need to ensure their information does not lean toward being bias. They should focus on fact based data and avoid reporting that is lazy. They should only report especially political news accurately in order to avoid someone else using their information and twisting it to benefit others. The reality is that due to the recent events they will always be scrutinized but making sure the information is fair and unbiased will breach that gap. Unbiased Media The United States has always suffered some type media bias and more so since 2016. As a result, the previous election in the United States encountered untrustworthy opinions from both citizens and media (Wallace, at al., 2019). Untrustworthiness and bias are two different elements facing the American press. The main difference between the two aspects is that biased information contains an independent negative effect on perceptions of the source. Both untrustworthiness and bias have consequences because they promote false expectations among the participants or people receiving the news (Wallace, at al., 2019). A group of researchers carried three different studies that where part of a test for hypothesis indicated that all the studies crossed bias and untrustworthiness manipulations. More than 500 participants were involved in facilitating the research. In addition, researchers examined independent variables by determining the source of both bias and untrustworthiness in the media reports (Wallace, at al., 2019). The result indicated that mediation of bias and untrustworthiness could surprisingly influence members of the public through the perception of information quality (Wallace, et al., 2019). Three additional studies promoted implications that bias and untrustworthiness are distinct perceptions. Both untrustworthiness and bias showed vicarious dissonance effects. Furthermore, they play a vital theoretical role in self-oriented forms of dissonance (Wallace, et al., 2019). Media plays a significant role in shaping public opinion and views. In the United States, media influenced the persistence of the expectation gap in cooperative performances. Studies have revealed that various press articles entailed information on corporates fraud. There were identified cases of deficient standards, deficient performance, and an unreasonable expectation in the corporate world. In addition, the studies reveal the primary role of the media in perpetuating the expectation gap and fraudulent behaviors. Another scenario where media could be seen as bias is when an emergency incident occurs, control of the message reaching members of the public are sometimes bias from mass media. It influences internet-user generated content as well as the thought of a conspiracy theory, resulting in further complication to the crisis. Different features attribute to a crisis such as uncertainty and disturbance (Pinter, 2019). Pinter (2016) claims that there are two ways of analyzing such crisis; communication, and Effective management. The media has promoted the crisis into becoming permanent topics among members of the public. Media influence has directed opinions in different ways, in many cases the lack of rapid intervention leads to distortion and misinterpretation of the crisis (Pinter, 2019). The conspiracy theory and internet user-generated content imply that people have the power to share opinions with the internet based society and in some occasion requires authorities to hold statements to promote active and accurate investigation. Types of media bias There are eleven types of media bias. They include slant, bias by placement, the omission of source attribution, bias by omission, flawed logic, spin, mind-reading, ad Hominem/mudslinging, emotionalism/sensationalism, statements of opinions presented as facts, and unsubstantiated claims. Journalists are tied to given ethical values and standards, which include impartiality and fairness, accuracy and truth, and accountability. You cannot necessarily say bias to be a bad thing, but if it is hidden in the media, it manipulates, misleads, and even creates division (Weeks et al., 2019). The contemporary journalism, however, most of the times stray from the objective facts which result in biased news. The use of social media When it comes to conveying a message to millions of people, social media does that in just a matter of minutes, and the word shall have reached the global population or its intended audience. In the contemporary world, social media is used as a way of sharing ideologies and events that are important to you and the other viewers. Whether your advert contains facts or deceptive messages, it does not matter but will be conveyed to the required or rather targeted audience (Kim, 2018). In many cases, social media platforms are used for advertising but most of the times are used to show what the person posting want to reflect to its followers. This type of media bias is mostly used in politics. Motives for the use of bias media In many cases, the majority of trustworthy journalists often give room for their ideologies relating to politics to sway their reporting. This can be a way of exploiting the audience or manipulating them into thinking your motives and not the others (Pintér, 2018). According to research that has been conducted, the leading cause of belief in bias media is a media explaining or telling the audience that a given media is biased. Media biasness is essential in conveying to the audience your ideologies about a given condition situation or event. Because people would have the idea about media biasness in a given media, they tend to believe the other and their claims. This is also true to commerce and that they are trying to sell you, yes companies due pay to advertise in all media outlets but sometimes the person profiting from the product can ensure more of that product is shown thru out all venues. Data collection and analysis In social media, data is collected through determining how many followers you have and the number of individuals that liked your post or reacted to it. A piece of the given information in the media no matter how hostile or skewed it is will respond to the people. The response is the can be used as the data. They can be analyzed to determine whether or not the information or the view will be supported or rejected by what number of people (Lee et al., 2018). For instance, the number of likes would suggest those that agreed with the opinions and the dislikes, the amount that disagreed with the whole idea. Their comments – negative or positive can be used as the responses and it can lead to a change in the opinion of the follower. Opinion change The more a media encounters a new subject, the more they are likely to shift their motives. It thus, therefore, means that their opinions will vary whatsoever depending on the most reporting source (Wallace et al., 2019). For instance, if a given media fails to get a report and or updates of the same, they will seek a new subject which may not be in line with their previous opinions. The fact is, they still have to report and thus to do so, they will have to change their subjects to suit their current source. Most media sources adapt their stories to ensure that their message is rapidly talked about and continue to give them the option of writing about it more. Most media outlets report current information they just give you the facts that matter to them and not a broad subject. References Kim, K. (2018).The Hostile Media Phenomenon: Testing the Effect of News Framing on Perceptions of Media Bias.Communication Research Reports, 36(1), 35–44. doi: 10.1080/08824096.2018.1555659 Lee, T. K., Kim, Y., & Coe, K. (2018). When Social Media Become Hostile Media: An Experimental Examination of News Sharing, Partisanship, and Follower Count. Mass Communication and Society, 21(4), 450–472. doi: 10.1080/15205436.2018.1429635 Pintér, D. G. (2018). Media Bias and the Role of User Generated Contents in Crisis Management: a CaseStudy about the Communication of the Hungarian Police Forces after 2016 Budapest Explosion. Corvinus Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 9(1), 101–125. doi: 10.14267/cjssp.2018.1.05 Wallace, L. E., Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (2019). Supplemental Material for Influences of Source Bias That Differ From Source Untrustworthiness: When Flip-Flopping Is More and Less Surprising. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1037/pspa0000181.supp Weeks, B. E., Kim, D. H., Hahn, L. B., Diehl, T. H., & Kwak, N. (2019).Hostile Media Perceptions in the Age of Social Media: Following Politicians, Emotions, and Perceptions of Media Bias.Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 63(3), 374–392. doi: 10.1080/08838151.2019.1653069 ...
Purchase answer to see full attachment
Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Final Answer

Hello, attached is the complete piece. Let me know in case of any issue

Running head: UNDERSTANDING BIASED MEDIA

Understanding biased media
Student’s Name
Institution affiliation

1

UNDERSTANDING BIASED MEDIA

2

Introduction
Determining whether a media source is biased or unbiased can sometimes be a difficult
thing. From politics to products we use on a daily basis, the media can change the facts or omit
data in order to achieve their intended message. Most media sources are generally trustworthy,
but they also will use loaded words in order to influence the opinions and emotions to favour their
or someone else’s interest. Media should be truthful, honest, and unbiased in order to let people
form their own opinions and decisions.

People can naturally distinguish between these

perceptions, at times, inferring bias without inferring untrustworthiness (Wallace et al., 2019).
Additionally, the role of media outlets is to provide information that is impossible for people to
gather and find out themselves. This information should be clear and fact-based, with no underline
goals or outcomes.
The mainstream media has an important role to inform the public and hold the government
and corporations accountable for actions that impact the citizens. The mainstream media hold
significant power that enables them to push their own agenda and shape perceptions, thus
influencing the way the public perceives specific issues or events in the country (Bicak, 2018).
Biased media tend to capture the interests of their audiences by molding accurate stories or events
to create a radical or different impression about the events. The biases perpetuated by the media
play a vital role in influences the audiences’ sense of social awareness, political viewpoint and
entertainment preferences. Consequently, audiences tend to seek media outlets based on the
impressions that have been influenced by media outlets (Bicak, 2018). The biased media tend to
misguide and misinform the public by positioning themselves as the outlets that offer a sense of
certainty, stability and knowledge that the audiences would otherwise not have access. This leaves
the audience susceptible to biased viewpoints and agendas.

UNDERSTANDING BIASED MEDIA

3

Prevalence of Biased Media in the USA
The United States has always suffered from some type of media bias and more so since
2016. As a result, the previous election in the United States encountered untrustworthy opinions
from both citizens and media (Wallace et al., 2019). Untrustworthiness and bias are two different
elements facing the American press. The main difference between the two aspects is that biased
information contains an independent negative effect on perceptions of the source.

Both

untrustworthiness and bias have consequences because they promote false expectations among the
participants or people receivi...

Rice University

Anonymous
The tutor was pretty knowledgeable, efficient and polite. Great service!

Anonymous
Heard about Studypool for a while and finally tried it. Glad I did caus this was really helpful.

Anonymous
Just what I needed… fantastic!

Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4
Similar Questions
Related Tags