Argumentative Research Essay
Given a specific stance on an issue, students will write a 7-10 page research essay using
logical reasoning and careful arrangement of facts to argue a position.
The argumentative essay is primarily written in an academic environment to justify a
belief or an opinion using facts, testimony, and logical reasoning. The argumentative
essay is most successful when the writer clearly analyzes the opposing viewpoint of
critics and addresses their concerns, yet the essay persuades the reader to draw the
Write a 7-10 page essay that takes a stance on some issue. Remember your topic does not
need to be highly controversial, but there should be two ways of looking at your subject.
If it is difficult to see the issue from another perspective, then you need to select another
topic. You may write a cause and effect argument, problem solution argument, or the
traditional controversial argument. The textbook includes several annotated examples and
ideas for topics. When you find an idea and your sources, you will compose a research
Select a topic that is relevant to you.
Write a thesis statement that takes a position.
Support the thesis statement with claims.
List specific examples and research to support your claims.
Address the most significant counter claims to your argument.
Provide a response for each counter claim addressed.
Use six credible college level secondary sources from library databases or catalogues.
Create a works cited list with six sources using MLA style.
Correctly cite the six sources in the text in the style you have selected for your essay.
Logical coherent organization
Claims, research, and examples that support the argument
Quality of sources selected
Tone, sentence style, and sentence clarity
Counter claims and responses to them
Format of your works cited or reference list
Suggestions for Completing the Process
P a g e | 2, English 1290
1. Read the chapters in the textbook and locate an argumentative pattern that you
would like to use: cause and effect, problem solution, or the traditional
2. Identify a topic and narrow your thesis statement. Select a topic that you are
interested in researching.
3. Locate credible college level sources that meet the Current, Relevant,
Authoritative, Accurate, and Purpose (CRAAP) test.
4. Read the sources, learn more about the topic, and narrow your working thesis
5. Then, create your proposal for the project. Cite your source using MLA style
6. Draft your essay and revise your thesis, so it supports the content in the essay.
7. Submit your essay to tutor.com for review and comment.
8. Revise your draft and submit your final essay.
February 17, 2020
Research Proposal: Exploring massage, acupuncture and chiropractic care as alternatives for
chronic pain management
Introduction & Thesis
Chronic pain is a healthcare issue that has increased in the recent past. Psychological and
environmental factors have worsened it. Researchers have discovered that chronic pain is more
persistent over a longer period as compared to acute pain, and it causes severe hitches to the
patients (Dueñas 457). They have also found that chronic pain is resistant to many medical
treatments. Due to these reasons, numerous researches are ongoing, trying to achieve the best
treatment for chronic pain. Pain management depends on the source of pain. There are a variety
of treatment options for chronic pain, both oral and treatments (Sharp np). Some of the common
medications include opioids, acetaminophen, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Emerging research shows chiropractic care, acupuncture, and massage as safe, effective
treatments for chronic pain.
I. Chronic Pain Has Been Increasing, thus Sparking the Concerns of Healthcare
Researchers on Its Root Causes and Its Effects So That Effective Methods Can
Be Put In Place to Manage It
A. An initial injury that causes the damage of nerve cells, mainly due to the pulling
of muscles or back sprain, has been identified as the root cause of chronic pain.
1. Due to the potential damage of the tissues, chronic pain can lead to severe
consequences on the victim (Dueñas 457).
2. Pain becomes chronic when it continues even after its cause has gone.
a. For many people, chronic pain can last for over three months
after the cause of the pain has gone.
b. If chronic pain persists, it may result in chronic pain syndrome
(CPS) on the victims.
B. The effects of chronic pain can be devastating and sometimes fatal.
II. Treatment for Chronic Pain Has Not Been Easy, Mainly Because of the Lack of
Guaranteed Pain Relief From Any of the Treatment Options
A. No single treatment option can guarantee a complete relief of pain (Singh 105).
B. Research has shown that a combination of treatment techniques can increase the
chances of complete pain relief.
C. Some of the treatment options may negative consequences on their usage by the
The use of opioids in the treatment of chronic pain has faced a
considerable challenge due to opioid addiction, which has caused an
epidemic of opioid deaths (Penney 164).
Some of the treatment options have been found to have modest efficacy
and highly costly.
D. There is an increasing necessity to re-examine the real-world outcomes of the
current treatment options for chronic pain to strike a balance between cost and
III. This Research Will Focus on Exploring Chiropractic Care, Acupuncture, and
Massage As Alternatives Treatments For Chronic Pain
A. Physician groups have highly accepted chiropractic and acupuncture care as
alternative and complementary methods of treating chronic pain (DeBar 118).
B. The best evidence has supported the use of these alternative methods of
treatment for chronic pain.
C. The three treatment options, that is, chiropractic care, acupuncture, and
massage, have produced a significant relief from chronic pain where they have
D. Acupuncture increases the release of endorphins that block pain, causing relief
from chronic pain (Lee 1006).
a. It is a useful alternative and complementary treatment for various painrelated conditions like menstrual cramps, back pain, and headache.
E. Massage is a therapeutic treatment that is used as a relaxation technique that
F. Chiropractic therapy, just like massage, produces relaxation, causing relief of
DeBar, Lynn L., et al. "Acupuncture and chiropractic care for chronic pain in an integrated
health plan: a mixed-methods study." BMC complementary and alternative medicine 11.1
Lee, Jieun, Amrita Bhowmick, and Amy Wachholtz. "Does complementary and alternative
medicine (CAM) use reduce the negative life impact of headaches for chronic
migraineurs? A national survey." SpringerPlus 5.1 (2016): 1006.
Penney, Lauren S., et al. "Provider and patient perspectives on opioids and alternative treatments
for managing chronic pain: a qualitative study." BMC family practice 17.1 (2016): 164.
Sharp, Debbie, et al. "Complementary medicine use, views, and experiences: a national survey in
England." BJGP Open 2.4 (2018).
Singh, Priyanka, and Aditi Chaturvedi. "Complementary and alternative medicine in cancer pain
management: a systematic review." Indian journal of palliative care 21.1 (2015): 105.
Dueñas, María, et al. "A review of chronic pain impact on patients, their social environment and
the health care system." Journal of pain research 9 (2016): 457.
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