Running head: ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT
Organizational Management and Decision-Making
An outsider can discern the cultural values of an organization by analyzing observable
aspects such as symbols, ceremonies, and dressing, among others. However, an insider who has
been in the organization for a significant period is in a better position of discerning the
underlying cultural values. In this case, the proportion of accuracy between the outside and the
insider is 30% and 70%, respectively. The insider has worked in the organization for several
years, and this implies that he/she knows the organizational culture in and out (Shapira, 2012).
On the other hand, an outsider can look at different observable aspects in the organization, and
he can get some clue of what the cultural values of the organizations entail. It is possible to
notice the way of doing things and employees’ behavior from a single visit, but different aspects
are deeply embedded that one needs to be part of the organization to notice and understand.
There are multiple elements of culture in an organization, and an outsider can only notice
the observable aspects. He will not be able to get the bigger picture of the cultural values of an
organization. Cultural values also entail language and beliefs, and an insider has detailed
information on the entire organizational culture of the firm. Therefore, an insider has a deeper
understanding of both the material and the non-material culture of an organization compared to
an outsider who has limited knowledge of cultural values...
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