Indiana Wesleyan University Emotional Abuse Annotated Bibliography

Indiana Wesleyan University

Question Description

I’m stuck on a Writing question and need an explanation.

Getting Started

When writing a literature review, the first steps are to understand the elements of the literature review and decide how to organize the paper.

Simply stated, a literature review is a summary of the studies found in relation to the topic. To summarize the studies, the best approach is to identify the key elements of each study. This can be accomplished by using the Who, When, How, Why, and Four What4 Approach.

  • Who conducted the study?
  • When was the study conducted?
  • How was the study conducted?
  • Why was the study conducted?
  • What1 sampling methodology was used?
  • What2 data collection methods were used?
  • What3 data analysis techniques were used?
  • What4 were the findings of the study?

Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to:

  • Demonstrate in writing knowledge of developing a thorough literature review.


  • Textbook: Practice-Based Research in Social Work
  • Textbook: Writing Empirical Research Reports: A Basic Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • File: Purpose and Example of the Literature Review.pdf
  • File: Example of Descriptive Literature Review.pdf
  • File: Example of Qualitative Literature Review.pdf
  • File: Example of Experimental Literature Review.pdf

Background Information

When summarizing the research studies that align with the problem of the study, it is best to use the Who, When, How, Why, and Four What Approach.

For example:

Jones and Johnson (2009) conducted a qualitative study to identify the perceptions of victims of domestic violence regarding the services within the community. Using a criterion sampling method, the study included 20 participants receiving services at a local domestic violence shelter. All of the participants had experienced some form of physical abuse within the past three months. Using semi-structured interviews, the researchers collected the data. A thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Four common themes emerged. First, the participants indicated that when working with the criminal justice system, they found female officers were more helpful and expressed more empathy compared to male officers. Second, the staff within the shelters were helpful; however, the shelters were often overcrowded. The treatment received from medical staff was a third theme. Participants indicated that the nurses and the doctors were caring and compassionate. Finally, the participants indicated difficulty receiving financial assistance in an effort to move forward with their lives.

In this study:


Jones and Johnson




Qualitative study


To identify the perceptions of victims of domestic violence regarding services within the community


A criterion sampling method


Semi-structured interviews


Thematic analysis


Four common themes: female police officers demonstrated more empathy; staff at the shelters were helpful, but the shelters were overcrowded; medical staff were very compassionate; challenges with financial assistance, thus limiting the ability to move forward


  1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
  2. Review the following resources:
    1. Chapter 5 in your textbook Practice-Based Research in Social Work.
    2. Chapter 6 in your textbook Writing Empirical Research Reports.
    3. File: Purpose and Example of the Literature Review.pdf
    4. File: Example of Experimental Literature Review.pdf
    5. File: Example of Descriptive Literature Review.pdf
    6. File: Example of Qualitative Literature Review.pdf
  3. Go to the databases and find a minimum of six research studies that relate to your topic.
  4. Using Who, When, How, Why, and Four What, summarize the findings of your studies.
  5. Write a three-page paper about the studies using the thematic approach.
  6. Your paper should follow APA formatting and include a cover page, in-text citations, and a reference page.

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Final Answer




Emotional Abuse-Literature Review


Emotional Abuse-Literature Review
1. Follingstad, D. R., Rutledge, L. L., Berg, B. J., Hause, E. S., & Polek, D. S. (1990).
The role of emotional abuse in physically abusive relationships. Journal of family
violence, 5(2), 107-120.
(Follingstad, 1990), did a qualitative study that aimed at establishing the relationship
between emotional and physical abuse in women. The study had 234 women who out of will
accepted to do the interviews to help collect the data. The study wanted to determine whether
emotional abuse relates to the intensity and frequency of physical abuse that women face.
Women who thought emotional abuse was worse than physical abuse were compared with those
who thought physical abuse was worse than emotional abuse. Those who could be able to predict
the possibility of physical abuse with owing to existing emotional abuse were compared to those
who could not be able to predict the possibility of physical abuse occurring from emotional
abuse they faced. Non-probability convenience sampling was used and the data were analyzed
using a comparison of two respective groups as explained above. The study established that
emotional abuse often resulted in physical abuse. It also found that the two kinds of abuse have
close to similar effects on an individual since they both affect one’s emotions and psychology.
Who: Follingstad, Rutledge, Berg, Hause, and Polek
When: 1990
How: qualitative method
Why: to assess the relationship between emotional abuse and physical abuse for women by men.
What1: Non-Probability Sampling Methods-Convenience sampling
What2: structured interviews
What3: comparison analysis

Emotional Abuse-Literature Review


What4: emotional abuse results in physical abuse, both emotional and physical abuse can result
in depression, low self-esteem, and anxiety. They have close proximity in terms of the effects
they cause on one's emotions and psychology at large.
2. Goldsmith, R. E., & Freyd, J. J. (2005). Awareness for emotional abuse. Journal of
Emotional Abuse, 5(1), 95-123.
The qualitative research study by (Goldsmith and Freyd, 2005), aimed at establishing the effects
of emotional abuse on families and in workplaces. The research also wanted to understand
whether the participants understood what was being referred to as emotional abuse...

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