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HIS 101 Northern Virginia Community College The Quran and Religion Questions

HIS 101

Northern Virginia Community College

HIS

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Read the quotes from the Quran and respond to the following questions in a minimum of 200 words:

1) What can we learn about Islam from these quotes? What is the religion focused on or concerned about?

2) How is this religion different or similar to the other religions we have examined so far? (Egyptian, Zoroastrian, Greek, Christian, etc.)

3) Choose 2 quotes that you find interesting or important and explain why.

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1 The Quran Translated by John Medows Rodwell (1909)1 1 Verses and Sura titles have been compared with the Noble Quran online, and at times this translation has been used to compliment Rodwell’s text. When possible I provide both translation’s Sura headings. https://quran.com/?local=en 2 Introduction The Quran is the central religious text of Islam and Muslims believe that it contains the word of God, as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel over a roughly twenty-two year period from 610 to 632 CE. Scholars believe the Quran was put into writing a few decades after the death of Muhammad in 632 CE. To understand the context and significance of the Quran, one must see it as the final revelation in a series of revelations going back to Adam, Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus. Therefore, the Quran can be considered the third revelation of the Abrahamic-Monotheistic Religions, with the first revelation being the Torah, and the Second being the New Testament. Although the Quran contains many similarities to Judaism and Christianity, such as the emphasis on the same one God, there are also key differences. The Quran clearly states that Jesus is not the son of God, there is no Trinity, and Christ was not resurrected, but taken from the Cross by God and escorted into Heaven. The Quran is divided into suras (or chapters), and it is meant to be read aloud (or recited) in Arabic. As you read the following pages, try listening to the same verses on the Noble Quran website. https://quran.com/?local=en 3 Sura 1- The Opening • “Praise be to God, Lord of the worlds! The Compassionate, the Merciful! King on the Day of Reckoning! Thee only do we worship, and to Thee do we cry for help. Guide Thou us on the straight path, The path of those to whom Thou has been gracious; with whom Thou art not angry, and who go not astray.” Sura 2- The Cow • “Whether you warn the infidels or not they will not believe.” • “There are some who say, ‘We believe in God, and in the latter day:’ Yet they are not believers!” • “God shall mock [the infidels], and keep them long in their rebellion, wandering in perplexity. These are they who have purchased error at the price of guidance….They are like one who [makes] a fire, and when it [has] thrown its light on all around him…God taketh away their light and leave them in darkness—they cannot see!—Deaf, dumb, blind; therefore they shall not retrace their steps from error!” • “Who [has] made the earth a bed for you, and the heaven a covering, and...caused water to come down from heaven, and by it…brought forth fruits for [you to eat].” 4 • “If [you are] in doubt as to that which We have sent down to Our Servant, then produce a Sura like it, and summon your witnesses, beside God, if [you] are men of truth: But if ye do it not, and never shall ye do it, then fear the Fire prepared for the infidels, whose fuel is men and stones.” • [In the afterlife, those who believed in God] shall have wives of perfect purity, and therein shall they [live] forever.” • “How can ye withhold faith from God? [You] were dead and He gave you life; next He will cause you to die; next He will restore you to life; next shall ye return to Him!” • “[God] taught Adam the names of all things.” • “They who shall not believe, and treat Our signs as falsehoods, these shall be inmates of the Fire; in it shall they remain forever.” • “O children of Israel! [Remember the favors I showed to you. For you above all human beings have I been generous].” • “We parted the sea for [the Jews], and saved you, and drowned the people of the Pharaoh, while [you] were looking on: And when We were in treaty with Moses forty nights: then during his absence took ye the calf and acted wickedly: Yet after this We forgave you, that ye might be grateful.” 5 • “They who believed (Muslims), and they who follow the Jewish religion, and the Christians, and the Sabeites—whoever of these believeth in God and the last day, and doeth that which is right, shall have their reward with their Lord; fear shall not come upon them, neither shall they be [troubled].” • “[The Jews] heard the word of God, and then, after they had understood it, perverted it, and knew that they did so.” • “They whose only gains are evil works, and who are [surrounded] by their sins—they shall be inmates of the Fire, therein to [remain] forever. But they who have believed and done the thing that be right, they shall be the inmates of Paradise—therein to abide forever.” • [Whoever believes part of the Book, but denies parts] shall be sent to the most cruel of torments, for God is not regardless of what [you] do. These are they who purchase this present life at the price of that which is to come: their torment shall not be lightened, neither shall they be helped.” • “[Whomever] is an enemy to God or His angels, or to Gabriel, or to Michael, shall have God as His enemy.” • “Clear signs have We sent down to thee, and none will disbelieve them but the perverse.” 6 • “He who exchanges faith for unbelief, hath already [strayed] from the even way.” • “God hath power over all things.” • “[Jews and Christians] are both readers of the Book.” • ”We believe in God and in that which has been revealed to us; in what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Jacob, and the tribes of Israel; to Moses and Jesus and the other prophets.” • “Islam is the Baptism of God, and who is better to baptize than God? And Him do we serve.” • “God is with the patient.” • “Patient under ills and hardships, and in time of trouble; these are they who are just.” • “God is severe in chastising…Terrible are God’s punishments.” • “Say not of those who are slain on God’s path that they are dead; [no], they are living! But ye understand not.” • “They who are infidels die infidels.” 7 • “Rain which God [sends] down from heaven, giving life by it to the earth after its death, and by scattering over it all kinds of cattle; and in the change of the winds, and in the clouds that are made to do service between the heaven and the earth—[these] are signs for those who understand.” • “Follow not the steps of Satan, for he is your avowed enemy.” • “O believers! Retaliation for blood shedding is prescribed to you; the free man for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the woman for the woman…” • “Whoever [does] violence to you, offer…the like violence to him….” • “Fight for the cause of God against those who fight against you; but commit not the injustice of attacking the first. God loveth not such injustice. And kill them whenever ye shall find them, and eject them from whatever place they have ejected you; for civil discord is worse than carnage…if they attack you, slay them. Such [is] the reward of the infidels.” • “God is with those who fear Him.” • “O believers! A fast is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may fear God.” • “Marry not idolatresses until they believe; a slave who [believes] is better than a [pagan], though she may please you more. And wed not your 8 daughters to idolaters until they believe…” • “God will not punish you for a mistake in your oaths: but He will punish you for that which your hearts have done.” • “Jesus the son of Mary We gave manifest signs, and we strengthened him with the Holy Spirit” • “Let their be no compulsion in religion.” • “God [does not guide] the evil doers.” Sura 3- The Family of Imran (Father of Mary) • “As for the infidels, their wealth and their children shall avail them nothing against God. They shall be fuel for the Fire.” • “Fair seeming to men is the love of pleasures from women and children, and the…treasures of gold and silver…Such the enjoyments of this world’s life…Shall I tell you of better things than these, prepared for those who fear God, in His presence? Theirs shall be gardens, beneath whose pavilions the rivers flow, and in which they [live forever]: and wives of stainless purity and acceptance with God.” • “The true religion with God is Islam.” • ”[Whoever desires] any other religion than Islam…in the next world he shall be among the lost.” 9 • “Let not believers take infidels for their friends rather than believers: [whoever does] this [has] nothing to hope from God.” • “God loveth not the unbelievers.” • “God [does not guide] the people who transgress.” • “Of those who plot God is the best.” • ”People of the Book…Our God and your God is one.” • “God [has] knowledge, but [you] know nothing. Abraham was neither Jew nor Christian; but he was sound in the faith, a Muslim; and not of those who add gods to God.” • “The Quran is a manifesto to man, and a guidance, and a warning to the God-fearing!” • “God may test those who believe, and destroy the infidels.” • “Muhammad is but a messenger. Other messengers have come and gone before him, so how can it be that when he dies or is slain, you turn back on your heels?” • “No one can die except by God’s permission, according to the Book that fix[es] the term of life.” 10 • “Wretched shall be the mansion of the evil doers.” • “God [has] rewarded you with trouble upon trouble, that [you] might learn not to be [upset] at your [losses]…” • “God is well informed of all [you] do.” • “The life of this world is but a cheating fruition!” Sura 4- Women • “Marry but two, or three, or four…or the slaves whom ye have acquired.” • “Forbidden to you also are married women, except those who are in your hands as slaves.” • “Covet not the gifts by which God hath raised some of you above others.” • “Men are superior to women on account of the qualities with which God hath gifted the one above the other…Virtuous women are obedient, careful, during their husband’s absence.” • “Come not to prayer when [you] are drunken, but wait till [you] can understand what [you say].” • “God hath cursed [the Jews] for their unbelief. Few only of them are believers.” 11 • “Those who disbelieve Our signs We will in the end cast into the Fire: so oft as their skins shall be well burnt, We will change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the torment.” • “Whoever [fights] on God’s path, whether he be slain or conquer, We will in the end give him a great reward.” • “Lay not burdens on any but thyself.” • “He who shall mediate between men for a good purpose shall be the gainer by it. But he who shall mediate with an evil mediation shall reap the fruit of it.” • “Whoever shall kill a believer of set purpose, his [compensation] shall be Hell.” • “God will gather the hypocrites and the infidels all together in Hell.” • “[Jesus was not killed on the cross.] They crucified him not, but they had only his likeness…they did not really slay him, but God took him up to Himself.” • “The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, is only an apostle of God….Believe therefore in God and his apostles, and say not “Three (there is a Trinity)…God is only one God! Far be it from his glory that He should have a son!” 12 Sura 5-The Table • “They who are infidels and treat Our signs as lies—these shall be mated with Hell-fire.” • “He who kills anyone, unless it be a person guilty of manslaughter, or of spreading disorders in the land, shall be though as if he has killed all of mankind; but he who saves one life, it is as if he has saved all of mankind.” • “As to the thief, whether man or woman, cut…off their hands…for their doings. This is a penalty by way of warning from God himself.” • “O Jews! Fear not men, but fear Me.” • “If God had pleased He had surely made you all one people [and of one religion]; but He would test you by what he [has] given to each.” • “O Believers! Surely wine and games of chance, and statues, and [divination], are an abomination of Satan’s work! Avoid them, that ye may prosper. Only would Satan sow hatred and strife among you, by wine and [gambling], and turn you aside from the remembrance of God.” Sura 6- Cattle • “They who are the authors of their own ruin, are they who will not believe.” 13 • “Be not thou of those who join gods with God.” • “We have cast veils over [the] hearts [of some] that they should not understand the Quran, and a weight into their ear: and though they should see all kinds of signs, they will refuse faith in them, until when they come to thee, to dispute with thee, the infidels say ‘Verily, this is nothing but fables of the ancients.’ And they will forbid it, and depart from it—but they are only the authors of their own [destruction], and know it not. If thou [could] see when they shall be set over the Fire, and shall say, ‘Oh! Would we might be sent back! We would not treat the signs of our Lord as lies! We would be of the believers.” • “God will mislead whom He [pleases], and whom He [pleases] He will place upon the straight path.” • “[The infidels say] ‘There is no other than our life in this world, neither shall we be raised again…Lost are they who deny the meeting with God until ‘the Hour’ cometh suddenly upon them!” • “The life in this world is but a play and pastime; and better surely for men of godly fear will be the future mansion!” • “Quit those who make their religion a sport and a pastime, and whom this present life hath deceived: warn them hereby that every soul will be consigned to doom for its own works.” 14 • “[For the infidels] are…boiling water, a grievous torment; for that they believed not!” • “We had before guided Noah.” • “Is any more wicked than he who [devises] a lie of God, or [says], ‘I have had a revelation,’ when nothing was revealed to him?” • “He [causes] the dawn to appear, and hath ordained the night for rest, and the sun and the moon for computing time! The ordinance of the Mighty, the Wise! And it is He who hath ordained the stars for you that ye may be guided thereby in the darkness of the land and of the sea!” • “It is He who [sends] down rain from heaven: and We bring forth by it the buds of all the plants, and from bring We forth the green foliage, an the close growing grain, and palm trees with sheaths of clustering dates, and gardens of grapes, and the olive and the pomegranate….Look ye on their fruits wen they fruit and ripen. Truly herein are signs unto people who believe.” • “[God is the] Sole maker of the heavens and of the earth! How, when He hath no consort, should He have a son?...Worship Him alone.” • “The ungodly shall not prosper.” • “We will not take a soul beyond its ability.” Sura 7- Al Araf (The Heights) 15 • “How many cities have We destroyed! By night, or while they were in their midday slumber, did Our wrath reach them!” • “O children of Adam! Let not Satan bring you into trouble, as he drove forth your parents from the Garden…” • “[Eat and drink]; but exceed not, for He loveth not those who exceed.” • “They who have charged Our signs with falsehood and have turned away from them in their pride, heaven’s gates shall not be opened to them, nor shall they enter Paradise, until the camel [passes] through the eye of the needle…They shall make their bed in Hell, and above them shall be coverings of fire!” • “The inmates of Paradise shall cry to the inmates of the fire, ‘Now have we found what our Lord promised us to be true. Have ye too found what your Lord promised you to be true?’ And they shall answer, ‘Yes.’ And a herald shall proclaim between them: ‘The curse of God be upon the evil doers.’” • “The inmates of the Fire shall cry to the inmates of Paradise: ‘Pour upon us some water, or of the refreshments God [has] given you?” They shall say, ‘Truly God hath forbidden both to unbelievers.” • “[God created the world in six days] and then mounted the throne.” • “Commit not disorders on the earth after it hath been well ordered.” 16 • “They treated [Noah] as a liar: so We delivered him and those who were with him in the Ark, and We drowned those who charged Our signs with falsehood; for they were a blind people.” • “We cut off, to the last man, those who had treated Our signs as lies, and who were not believers.” • “We took vengeance [on the Pharaoh and his army] and drowned them in the sea, because they treated Our signs as falsehoods and were heedless of them.” • “To those who have done evil, then afterwards repent and believe, thy Lord will thereafter be lenient, merciful.” • “Many [infidels] have We created for Hell. Hearts have they with which they understand not, and eyes have they which they see not, and ears have they with which they [hear] not. They are like the brutes: Yea, they go more astray: these are the heedless.” • “In what other book will they believe who reject the Quran?” • “When the Quran is read, then listen…to it and keep silence, then [happily] may [you] obtain mercy. And think within thine own self on God, with lowlines and with fear and without loud spoken words, at evening and at morn…” Sura 8- The Spoils of War 17 • “I will cast a dread into the heart of the infidels. Strike off their heads then, and strike off from their every finger-tip. This, because they have opposed God and His Apostle…And whoso shall oppose God and his Apostle…Verily, God will be severe in punishment.” • “The vilest beasts in God’s sight, are the deaf, the dumb, who understand not. Had God known any good in them, he would certainly have made them hear. But even if He had made them hear, they would certainly have turned back and withdrawn afar.” • “Deal not falsely with God and His Apostle; and be not false in your engagements…” • “Your wealth and your children are a temptation.” • “[Unbelievers will say that the Quran] is a mere tale of the ancients.” • “O Prophet! Stir up the faithful to the fight. Twenty of you who stand firm shall vanquish two hundred: and if there be one hundred of you they shall vanquish a thousand of the infidels…” Sura 9- Immunity/The Repentance • “When the sacred months are passed, kill those who join other gods with God wherever ye shall find them; and seize them, besiege them, and lay wait for them with every kind of ambush: but if they shall convert, and observe prayer, and pay the obligatory alms, then let them go their way, 18 for God is gracious, merciful.” • “Make war upon such of those to whom the Scriptures have been given as believe not in God, or in the Last Day, and who forbid not that which God and his Apostle have forbidden…” • “Attack those who join gods with God in all, as they attack you in all: and know that God is with those who fear Him.” • “To those who treasure up gold and silver and expend it not in the way of God, announce tidings of a grievous torment.” • “[Those who say] ‘The Messiah is a son of God’...resemble the saying of the infidels of old! God do battle with them! How they are misguided!” • “On [the Last Day, the infidels shall find] their treasures…heated in Hellfire, and their foreheads, and their sides, and their backs, shall be branded with them…” • “Nothing can befall us but what God [has] destined for us.” • “God [promises] the hypocritical men and women, and the unbelievers, the fire of Hell—therein shall they abide—this their sufficing portion! And god hath cursed them, and a lasting torment shall be theirs.” • “On earth [the infidel] shall have neither friend nor prot ...
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Running head: THE QURAN

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The Quran
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THE QURAN

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The Quran

Question 1; lessons about Islam from the quotes and what the religion is concerned about
The lessons that can be learned about the Islam from the quotes in the Quran is that its
teachings provide warnings to those who are considered “infidels” according to t...

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