CTHL 200 Suffolk University the Bible on The Existence of God Research Paper

CTHL 200

Suffolk University


Question Description

Can you help me understand this Philosophy question?

I need two papers. First one is a paper proposal like the attached document and second is a paper following the instructions provided. First send me the chosen subject so I can get approval on and then I'll tell you if it's okay to proceed.

You should choose A "theologian of note" is a famous theologian to write. One who is well known in the field of theology for writing on your particular topic.

The paper proposal should consist of your topic, your thesis question, a detailed outline of your paper, and an annotated bibliography. Take a look at the paper proposal example uploaded for some guidance.
And for the paper:

answer the 5 questions while including: a bible commentary, a scholarly theological work written in the nineteenth century or earlier, a scholarly theological work written in the twentieth or the twenty-first century, a work considered to be a classical treatment of your chosen topic by a theologian of note.

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Todd Ayers 10/17/2013 Foundations of Christian Theology CTHL 101-3 Paper Proposal Topic: The deity of Jesus of Nazareth. Thesis Question: Is Jesus Christ the Almighty God? Outline I. The Significance of the Question. A. “Who do you say that I am” (Matthew 16:15)? B. “That all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him” (John 5:23). C. “Unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins” (John 8:24). II. The Historical Debate. A. The position of Athanasius and the Trinitarians. B. The position of Arius of Alexandria and the Arians. C. The position of mediating parties. III. Important Texts Cited by Trinitarians. A. John 1:1; 14. B. John 20:28. C. Romans 9:5. D. Titus 2:13. IV. Important Texts Cited by Arians. A. Proverbs 8:22-31. B. John 14:28. C. Colossians 1:15 D. Revelation 3:14. V. Concluding Thoughts. A. Trinitarianism and Monotheism. B. “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14:6). Annotated Bibliography Bowman, Robert M. Why You Should Believe in the Trinity: An Answer to Jehovah’s Witnesses (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1989). Bowman’s work is a near exhaustive treatment of the Jehovah’s Witness pamphlet Should You Believe in the Trinity? Is Jesus Christ the Almighty God? He responds to the biblical and historical assertions therein. Gaebelein, Frank E. Ed., The Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1979-1981). This commentary series will help in discerning the true meaning of the biblical texts in question. Its investigation into contextual and linguistic matters will prove invaluable. Kelly, J. N. D. Early Christian Doctrines (San Francisco, CA: Harper San Francisco, 1978). Kelly is a scholar specializing in the early centuries of the Christian Church. His work will help me to understand the growth of the Arian heresy and the various responses to it. Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600) (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1971). Pelikan’s work is a history of Christian thought. His work will shed light on how the Christian doctrine of the Trinity came to be regarded as the Orthodox point of view. Rhodes, Ron. Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Jehovah’s Witnesses (Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 1993). Rhodes’ book is a standard in the modern world of counter-cult apologetics. It will help me to understand and evaluate the arguments of the Jehovah’s Witnesses in regard to specific texts of Scripture. Roberts, Alexander and James Donaldson. Eds. The Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Writings of the Fathers down to A.D. 325, Vols. 1 and 3 (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, Second Printing, 1995). A set of translations of the works of ancient Christian authors. These volumes will give me insight into the works of early Trinitarian theologians regarding their views of the deity of Christ. Roberts, Alexander and Philip Schaff. Eds. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Augustin: On the Holy Trinity, Doctrinal Treatises, Moral Treatises (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, Second Printing, 1995). A set of translations of the works of ancient Christian authors. This volume will give me insight into the works of Augustine and his view of the deity of Christ. Should You Believe in the Trinity? Is Jesus Christ the Almighty God? (Brooklyn, New York: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, 1989). A concise pamphlet published by the Jehovah’s Witnesses. This work will help me understand why they hold to Arianism and why they reject Trinitarianism as unbiblical and unhistorical. Williams, Rowan. Arius: Heresy and Tradition (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2002). A modern piece on the person and work of Arius of Alexandria by the former Archbishop of Canterbury. This work will give me insight into what Arius really taught and what he sought to accomplish. Prof. Steven Parks Introduction to Theological Thought (CTHL 200) Term Paper Instructions The CTHL 200 paper is meant to demonstrate an understanding of Christian Theology through careful evaluation of a single doctrine. Students will select one of the chief doctrines discussed in class (or previously approved by the instructor) and investigate the following questions: (1.) What does the doctrine teach? (2.) Are there any popular misconceptions about the doctrine? If so, how might these be addressed? (3.) Where is the doctrine found in the Bible? (4.) Which significant theologian(s) have taught the doctrine and how did they apply it in their lifetime(s)? (5.) Why should Christians today care about the significance of the doctrine? For this paper, outline and organization are of primary importance. Its two parts are graded separately: 1. Tutorial: Topic, thesis question, annotated bibliography, and detailed outline. 2. The Final Draft: there are no revisions available after this so be sure to work hard on the rough draft. Basic requirements (ask yourself whether you have covered these before submitting your rough draft)        Did I use Chicago style and consult the writing handbook on all documentation formats? Did I properly cite sources and avoid any semblance of plagiarism? Did I refer to a Christian theologian at least once in a meaningful way? Do I have a thesis to which the reader can respond “Yes” or “No?” Do my supporting paragraphs contribute evidence for my main point? Did I use appropriate sources (e.g., one book written in or before the nineteenth century, one book written in the twentieth or twenty-first century, and one Bible commentary)? Is my paper at least 5 pages long? The paper must be uploaded in Word format. The body of the paper should be five to seven pages long (not counting title page and/or the bibliography/works cited page). Use 12-point Times or Times New Roman font with double spacing and 1” margins on all sides. Use left justification (not full justification). Format the paper according to the Chicago Manual of Style guidelines, and cite sources using the Chicago style. Consult and engage at least four substantive (i.e., significant theological) sources. These must include:     A Bible commentary. A scholarly theological work written in the nineteenth century or earlier. A scholarly theological work written in the twentieth or twenty-first century. A work considered to be a classical treatment of your chosen topic by a theologian of note. No electronic or internet sources are permitted for use in this paper! I will use the following rubric to grade the paper:      20% Mechanics, grammar, and academic style. 20% Outline and demonstration of an actual argument. Does the conclusion follow from your premise? 20% Sources. Did you use suitable sources and incorporate them appropriately? 20% Topic coverage. Did you provide appropriate depth and did you demonstrate knowledge of your subject matter? 20% Engagement. Did you demonstrate your own critical thought related to this subject? Did you avoid simply recounting the ideas of others and step out with some demonstration that you have thought deeply about the subject? The specific due dates are noted on your course syllabus. Submission must be received before 11:59 pm on that date. Students have fourteen weeks to work on this paper. As a result, late papers will not be accepted and will receive no credit. ...
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Final Answer


Topic: The Existence of God
Thesis Question: Is there proof that God really Exist?
1. Introduction
A. Understanding and proving God's existence is essential as it helps theologians
understand the origin of the universe and the fine-tuning of the universe for intelligent
B. It also helps them understand the meaning of life and death, as well as the objective
of moral values in the world.
C. God's existence can be determined by approaching God along the paths that begin
with the created world.
a. Ontological Argument
b. Cosmological Argument
2. The Bible on the Existence of God
A. The Bible Reveals The True God
B. God's existence is evident to all (Romans 1:19,20).
C. Only A Fool Denies That God Exists (Psalms 53:1-3).
D. There Is No Excuse For Denying His Existence (Romans 1:20).
3. The Historical Debate
A. The Position of Anselm of Canterbury
B. The Position of Thomas Aquinas
4. Misconceptions about God's Existence

A. Atheism
a. God is not discernible as a matter of principle.
b. Since evil exists, there is no God.
c. The universe indeed can and did arise from nothing.
5. Conclusion
A. The Bible wants people to believe that indeed their only one true God.
B. Other than the Bible, several theologians have tried to explain and prove God's
Annotated Bibliography
Everitt, Nicholas. The non-existence of God. Vol. 1. Psychology Press, 2004.
The books provide an overview of the different arguments raised by different people aimed at
disapproving God's existence. To put into context the arguments against God's existence, the
book examines the role that knowledge play in the debate over this topic. I find this book
interesting as it provides various reasons as to why atheist believe the idea of God's existence is
Anselm, S., 2008. Anselm of Canterbury: The major works. Oxford University Press.
This book is rich in information about the position of Anselm on the debate of God's existence.
The book provides in details the argument put forth by Anselm about the existence of God. The
insights put forth in the book have been of great importance coming up with the research

Haghighi, Ali Reza Mosadeghi, Aflatun Sadeghi, Mohammad Hosein Mahdavinejad, and Ismaail
Zare. "Theoretical and Practical Moral Arguments for the Existence of God: A Critical
Review." (2018).
The article seeks to examine different pieces of literature on the topic of the existence of God.
Through this article, I will be able to examine the ideas put forth by Anslem and Aquinas about
the existence of God. Through it, I will be able to deduce whether it is possible to prove God's
King James Bible. King James Bible. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 1973.
I will use the Bible as a source to examine whether the Bible has questions on the questions about the
existence of God. As a primary point of reference for Christians, the Bible has the answers for every

Mackey, Louis. "Entreatments of God: Reflections on Aquinas' Five Ways." Franciscan Studies
37, no. 1 (1977): 103-119.
Mackey's article is concerned with the work of Aquinas on the topic of God's existence. The
article is rich with ideas put forth by Aquinas concerning the existence of God. The insights put
forth by this article will be of great importance in examining whether God's existence can be
Moreland, James Porter. Consciousness and the Existence of God: A theistic argument.
Routledge, 2010.
The book argues that the existence of finite, irreducible consciousness provides evidence for the
existence of God. By analyzing and critiquing the top representatives of rival arguments, the book
provides that "the argument for consciousness" should be adopted.

Dreyer, Nathaniel J. "Does God Exist? A Socratic Dialogue on the Five Ways of Thomas
Aquinas." The Incarnate Word 5, no. 2 (2018): 216-219.
Dreyer dedicates this article to deconstruct and analyze Aquinas's work through a philosophical
lens. It is through this article that one is able to understand the arguments Aquinas used to prove
the existence of God.
Thomas, Saint. The" Summa Theologica" of St. Thomas Aquinas. Vol. 2. Thomas Baker, 1915.
This book provides the argument of Aquinas that tries to prove the existence of God. It is in this
book that Aquinas outlines his arguments about God's existence and why people should believe
in God.


The Existence of God

Institution Affiliation


Ever since time immemorial, there have been debates amongst theologians concerning
God's existence and how it can be proven. By the fact that it is hard to rationally assess God as
other sensible realities, the debate about God's existence continues to the present day. This
controversy has also ensued due to the fact that human knowledge comes from experience. In
this regard, it can be argued that there is a vast gulf between the powers of human knowledge
and God's existence. Understanding and proving God's existence is essential as it helps
theologians, philosophers, scholars, and researchers to understand the origin of the universe and
the fine-tuning of the universe for intelligent life. It also helps them understand the meaning of
life and death, as well as the objective of moral values in the world. A person's belief in God's
existence has enormous implications on their views of destiny, morality, humanity, and life in
general. God's existence, according to Haghighi, Aflatun, Mohammad, and Zare, can be
determined by approaching God along the paths that begin with the created world1. Two primary
routes, which have been developed by theologians but have been expounde...

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