Health Medical
HAP 465 George Mason University Health Insurance Coverage Paper

HAP 465

George Mason University

HAP

Question Description

I’m trying to study for my Health & Medical course and I need some help to understand this question.

1.Use section headings as instructed, to include: Introduction, Background, Opposing Arguments, Supporting Arguments, and Conclusion. You should also consider using sub-headers for each of arguments in order to more clearly separate and identify them.

2.Clearly state your position on an issue in a concise manner in an introductory paragraph. Identify the audience for whom the position statement will be useful.

3.Describe the background of the issue that constitutes the rationale for the topic being labeled as an issue. This section must include contemporary and historical information, relevant data and appropriate citations. Remember this is NOT an opinion paper. Therefore, the background should include:

Terminology related to your issue

Legitimate research done on your issue in the form of internal documentation.

Descriptions of the impact this data has on your issue.

4.When presenting your argument, discuss both sides of the issue and clearly state the position you are supporting. Identity and include defensible documentation supporting your position (such as: standards, codes, regulations, policy, criteria, and research findings).

5.Bring the paper to a logical conclusion by summarizing the essence of the argument and then conclude by restating your thesis or position in similar words used in the introduction to your position.

6.Apply principles of good composition, including appropriate sentence structure, grammar and meticulous attention to detail in every aspect of your writing. Strict APA Format standards will be applied to the grading of your paper so pay close attention to citations within the test and in the list of work cited. These standards also apply to the draft.

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APPENDIX D GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY College of Health and Human Services HAP 465 POSITION STATEMENT PAPER ASSIGNMENT MATERIALS Broad Topic Suggestions for Position Paper: HAP 465 BEFORE STARTING WORK ON THE POSITION PAPER: 1. All students must discuss their chosen topic with the instructor. 2. All students considering topics not on the above list must have the topic approved by the instructor. • Mid-level practitioners (NPs, PAs, Nurse Anesthetists/Midwives): How much of their scope of practice should states allow to overlap with the scope of practice of primary care physicians? • Cost of Pharmaceuticals (pick one): o o Should the Government Approve and Regulate Pricing? Length of Patent Protection: Is it excessive? • Insurance Coverage of Non-traditional Medicine: Should health insurance companies cover acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathic medicines, etc.? • Minimum Nurse-to-Patient Ratios in Hospitals: Should they be mandated by government to assure quality of care? • Admission Quotas and Affirmative Action in Health Professions Education: Are they necessary? • Cost and Access of Long-Term Care: Should long-term care be covered as a benefit to Medicare beneficiaries? • Incentives for Organ Donation in the U.S.: Should they be driven mainly by altruism or money? • National Patient Identifier: Should they be required for purposes of exchanging digitized health information? • Increasing Online Data Breaches and Use of “Web 2.0” tools (wireless networks, cloud computing, etc.): Do these trends make digitized health information less secure? • Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs: Should the practice be banned by the federal government? • “Sin Taxes” and Public Health Promotion: Do they make a difference? • Vitamin and Mineral Supplements: Are they beneficial? • Agricultural Subsidy Programs: Do they encourage production of unhealthy foods? • Dental Care for Public Health and Low-Income Communities: Do we need more dental providers trained just to serve these populations? • Genetic Testing: Is it about informed choice or not tolerating abnormality? • Pesticides and Insecticides: Are they safe? • Gastric Banding of Morbidly Obese Adolescents: Is the procedure safe and effective? • Use of Human Antibiotics in Farm Animals: Do they pose a risk to humans? HAP 465 Guidelines for the Development of the Position Paper Individual Assignment: You are required to write a cogent paper describing a position on a controversial professional issue related to health care. Grade Breakdown: The Position Statement will account for 35% of the course grade (Polished draft = 60%, Final draft = 40%). Requirements of the Position Statement: 1. Each paper draft should be at least 2500 words (about 10 standard double-spaced pages with 1” margins, plus additional pages for title and references). 2. Use section headings as instructed, to include: Introduction, Background, Opposing Arguments, Supporting Arguments, and Conclusion. You should also consider using subheaders for each of arguments in order to more clearly separate and identify them. 3. Clearly state your position on an issue in a concise manner in an introductory paragraph. Identify the audience for whom the position statement will be useful. 4. Describe the background of the issue that constitutes the rationale for the topic being labeled as an issue. This section must include contemporary and historical information, relevant data and appropriate citations. Remember this is NOT an opinion paper. Therefore, the background should include: • Terminology related to your issue • Legitimate research done on your issue in the form of internal documentation. • Descriptions of the impact this data has on your issue. 5. When presenting your argument, discuss both sides of the issue and clearly state the position you are supporting. Identity and include defensible documentation supporting your position (such as: standards, codes, regulations, policy, criteria, and research findings). 6. Bring the paper to a logical conclusion by summarizing the essence of the argument and then conclude by restating your thesis or position in similar words used in the introduction to your position. 7. Apply principles of good composition, including appropriate sentence structure, grammar and meticulous attention to detail in every aspect of your writing. Strict APA Format standards will be applied to the grading of your paper so pay close attention to citations within the test and in the list of work cited. These standards also apply to the draft. 8. The draft is to be a polished draft, not a first or rough draft. This draft will also be graded according to the above criteria and will account for 60% of the paper grade. The final draft will account of 40% of the total position paper grade. Thesis Statement Some defining features of a thesis (followed by links to several examples): • for most student work, it's a one- or two- sentence statement that explicitly outlines the purpose or point of your paper. A thesis is to a paper what a topic sentence is to a paragraph • it should point toward the development or course of argument the reader can expect your argument to take, but does not have to specifically include 'three supporting points' as you may have once learned • because the rest of the paper will support or back up your thesis, a thesis is normally placed at or near the end of the introductory paragraph. • it is an assertion that a reasonable person could disagree with if you only gave the thesis and no other evidence. It is not a fact or casual observation; it must beg to be proved. And someone should be able to theoretically argue against it (how successfully will depend of course on how persuasive you are) • it takes a side on a topic rather than simply announcing that the paper is about a topic (the title should have already told your reader your topic). Don't tell a reader about something; tell them what about something. Answer the questions "how?" or "why?" • it is sufficiently narrow and specific that your supporting points are necessary and sufficient, not arbitrary; paper length and number of supporting points are good guides here • it argues one main point and doesn't squeeze three different theses for three different papers into one sentence • most importantly, it passes The "So What?" Test Practice recognizing the above points with the explanations and examples at the following web pages: - The Statement of your Thesis out of the University of Victoria Writer's Guide - Exercises on Choosing the Best Thesis from the Empire State College Writer's Complex, plus the explanatory part on Developing a Research Thesis - The Thesis Statement plus an interactive exercise from the University of Richmond's Writer's Web Peer Reviewer Tips The purpose of doing a peer review of another’s paper or of having your paper reviewed is to give or receive constructive feedback regarding writing in progress. The intent of this type of feedback is to point out the strengths and weaknesses in the writing that are not always apparent to the writer after working so closely with the piece. The feedback should always be accepted in the spirit with which it is given. Many students find it difficult to review another’s paper in fear of being perceived as being critical. But one must remember that reviewing another’s writing is a professional responsibility and is done to assist another writer to improve his or her writing. Below are a few tips that might assist you in becoming a better peer reviewer. 1. First, read the entire document to get a sense of the whole. 2. Read the document a second time. This time, attempt to understand the main concepts the writer is trying to emphasize. 3. Next, go through the paper and identify what you like about the paper and what is clear to you. Give specific comments that support your remarks. 4. Next, tell the writer what is unclear in the writing and why. 5. You may want to pose questions that more specifically help the writer understand where points do not connect. Example: How does this area relate to your thesis statement or to your main point? 6. Take a look at the transitional sentences that introduce the new paragraph or connect the new information to the main point. If they are not doing their job, let the writer know. 7. While reviewing this writing, remember that even very talented and experienced writers use editors or reviewers in assisting them in making their writing clear. When you publish your first article, your editors will not be nearly as nice as your peer reviewer is in this course. 8. Seriously consider the feedback you will receive from your student colleague. The feedback should not be interpreted as criticism but as a gift that will help you in becoming a better writer. 9. Writing is a very personal experience. Sharing your writing with another makes you feel vulnerable. Smith (1999) in an article published in the Journal of the Virginia Writing Project states, “Writing taps directly into our fear of being judged, of being exposed to the world in all of our imperfect splendor” (p.18). Be mindful of this and be genuine in your desire to assist and become a trusted colleague within the group. Possessing these traits is necessary in becoming a GREAT peer reviewer! Smith, J. (1999). Why is writing difficult? The Journal of the Virginia Writing Project, 20 (5), 18-19. Evaluation of the Position Paper (35% of Course Grade) Date: __________ Student Name: _________________ 1st Draft ( 60% of paper grade ); Final Draft (40% of paper grade) Elements Highly Competent (Excellent) Exceeds Expectations Competent (Good) Needs Improvement (Fair) Not Competent (Poor) Not Done (Fail) 1. Problem/Position Thesis statement not present Background absent. Thesis statement & introduction Clearly identified, explicit. Adequately identified and described. Problem/issue present, but ambiguous. Problem/issue not present or unclear. Background Background sets the stage & is not part of argument. Background does an adequate job of setting the stage. Background has some argument points. Background does not adequately set the stage for the current issue. Clearly stated with at least 3 well developed defenses. Well stated with at least 2 developed defenses. Vaguely stated with at least 1 limited defense. Poorly stated with no defense. Minimum of 3 alternate points of view well explored. Thoroughly considered attention to minimum of 2 alternate views. Some attention to at least 1 alternate view. Obvious alternate views ignored. Opposing arguments not present. Some sources are relevant, appropriate, credible –(primary or secondary sources). Inadequate number of sources; No sources are relevant, appropriate, credible. Reference page absent. 2. Analysis Position or supporting thesis argument Opposing argument Supporting arguments not present. 3. Investigation Use of Sources materials All sources relevant, appropriate, credible –(primary or secondary sources). Most sources relevant, appropriate, credible–(primary or secondary sources). 4. Writing Skills Organization Style Grammar, Mechanics, & Formatting Ideas flow smoothly, clearly linked to each other and organized under headings – Introduction, Background, Argument & Conclusion. Ideas well incorporated into a coherent argument or solution. Paragraphs with clear topic sentences and multiple supporting sentences. Variety of sentence structures in active voice. Appropriate, high level word choice. Use of proper grammar and mechanics throughout Proper use of APA format throughout. Ideas tend to flow smoothly, usually linked to each other and properly organized under headings - Introduction, Background, Argument & Conclusion. Ideas incorporated into a fairly coherent argument or solution. Paragraphs include topic sentences and some supporting sentences. Generally well chosen sentence style and word choice. Mostly used proper grammar and mechanics throughout. Adequate use of APA format throughout. Ideas are incomplete, make little sense together, not well organized under headings - Introduction, Background, Argument & Conclusion. Some ideas are used in argument or solution. Paragraphs missing clear topic sentences; sparse supporting sentences. Sentence style errors; overuse of passive voice. Word choice errors; low level vocabulary. Weak use of proper grammar and mechanics throughout. Weak use of APA Format. Ideas are tangent, makes no sense together. Ideas lack connection or coherence. Poorly organized paragraphs. Extensive slang, inappropriate language, and low level word choices. Improper grammar and mechanics throughout. Improper APA throughout. Required paper sections absent. No paragraph segmentation. Elements Highly Competent (Excellent) Exceeds Expectations Competent (Good) Needs Improvement (Fair) Not Competent (Poor) Not Done (Fail) Paper not in APA format. 5. Conclusion(s) Synthesis and Conclusions Strengths: Weaknesses: Additional Comments: All points summarized & synthesized/Conclusions based on evidence/sound methods Some points summarized & synthesized, Most conclusions based on evidence used with adequate methods Summary points briefly mentioned, weak synthesis Conclusions drawn & errors presented No synthesis or summary Conclusions ignored; maintains preconceived views regardless of evidence Conclusion absent ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

OUTLINE FOR SHOULD HEALTH INSURANCE COMPANIES COVER
ACUPUNCTURE, CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINES, ETC.?
The paper entails the following:


Introduction
❖ Statement of my position on an issue in a concise manner in an introductory paragraph.
❖ Identification of the audience for whom the position statement will be useful
❖ Thesis statement



Background
❖ Terminology related to your issue
❖ Legitimate research done on your issue in the form of internal documentation.
❖ Descriptions of the impact this data has on your issue.



Opposing Arguments
❖ Untraditional methods are unproven and can be dangerous
❖ Untraditional methods are often controversial and lack consensus
❖ Would increase consumption and healthcare costs



Supporting Arguments
❖ Many Americans use alternative care and would save them money
❖ Alternative care may be effective/beneficial alongside conventional medication
❖ They are becoming increasingly common and even coupled with conventional methods



Conclusion
❖ A logical conclusion by summarizing the essence of the argument
❖ Restatement of the thesis statement



References


Running head: Insurance Coverage

1

Should health insurance companies cover acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathic medicines,
etc.?

Inderjit Singh

HAP 465-001

03/30/2020

Insurance Coverage

2
Introduction

The debate on whether insurance should cover alternative medicine has been in existence
for several years. This debate arises from the continuous health care reforms required in the
healthcare sector aimed at improving healthcare, such as reducing healthcare costs as well as
improving patient health outcomes. The increased use of alternative medicines and the need for its
insurance coverage is vital to policymakers, healthcare consumers, practitioners, healthcare
providers, and researchers (Bast et al., 2017). Alternative medicines, such as acupuncture,
chiropractic, homeopathic medicines are among the approaches that have been considered in
discussions relating to the issues of healthcare costs and patient health outcomes. These medicines,
however, continue to receive support and opposition equally from the various stakeholders in the
healthcare sector based on different points of argument, Alternative medicine has, nonetheless,
provided immense healthcare benefits (Bellavite, 2015). As such, health insurance should cover
alternative care such as acupuncture, chiropractic care, and homeopathic medicine because it can
be very effective, would save people money, and is increasingly becoming accepted and
researched. This position paper draws evidence on both the effectiveness and increased research
into and acceptance of alternative medicines, such as acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathic
medication, to support the insurance coverage of alternative medicines.

Background
Although alternative medicine had been uncovered by insurance at first, it has continued
to gain popularity. As a result, there has been a high demand for insurance to cover alternative
medicine. Insurance coverage is an essential part of the healthcare system. In the US, 293 million
people (91.3%) had a health insurance cover in 2017 (CRS, 2019). Therefore, most Americans

Insurance Coverage

3

rely on insurance to cover their healthcare costs. The widespread use of alternative medicines
elicits the need for insurers to cover it for the coverage of the medical expenses for healthcare
consumers. Besides, the number of people taking insurance covers continues to rise steadily,
showing how insurance continues are vital in American healthcare. In 2017, for instance, the US
had 28 million uninsured people (8.7%) (CRS, 2019). This percentage remained relatively stable
but declined sharply by 6 points. This percentage change shows that the significance of insurance
in the US healthcare system continues to rise. With the rise in the use of alternative medicine, more
people demand its insurance coverage. It is for this reason that most insurance firms began to
consider covering people for alternative medication. However, most of these companies include
only the more significantly accepted alternative medicines. Major insurers, for instance, cover a
few alternative medicines. The most widely covered are chiropractic and acupuncture therapies.
The long history of alternative medicines has assisted in placing modern medical practices
in perspective. It helps show significant similarities as well as differences that have evolved over
the years. Several concepts that contrasted with conventional med...

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