Humanities
Columbia University Chapter 3 Persons of Mean and Vile Condition Questions

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I’m stuck on a Political Science question and need an explanation.

Complete these three assignments, I've highlight the questions you need to answer

Complete these three assignments, I've highlight the questions you need to answer

Complete these three assignments, I've highlight the questions you need to answer

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2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Submit Assignment Due Apr 12 by 11:59pm File Types doc and pdf Points 60 Submitting a text entry box or a file upload Available until Apr 12 at 11:59pm RR - READER RESPONSE This folder contains your Reader Response, RR, assignments. Each Reader Response, RR, will be posted for access inside the web lesson module along with related web lesson assignment. Read and study the assigned chapter before completing the RR assignment. Post completed responses inside the response assignment area. Please attach a PDF or Word document format into the RR assignment area. If you experience any online problems with the online RR assignment area, you may email a backup RR copy to our class email. RR questions are based on terms and concepts drawn from your assigned chapter readings and web lesson module content covering related topics, themes, or other subject matter. TBA - Due date to be assigned. RR's are open book, open notes, open web lesson modules content and usually composed of questions drawn from your assigned chapter reading or web lesson subject matter listed inside the web lesson module or RR assignment area. RR subject matter may also include extra related subject matter research materials as posted in the RR assignment area. RR, Reader Response - Web Lesson - A Constitution for the Few https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 1/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Democracy (http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/04/14/us-oligarchy-not-democracy-says-scientific- study) is a combination of the Greek words Demos ("the people") + kratein ("to rule") = Rule of the People. The term Democracy (http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/04/14/us-oligarchy-not-democracy-saysscientific-study) does not appear in the US Constitution (https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/index.html) Textbooks for PS 102 DFF = Democracy for the Few PHUS = People's History of the United States SP = Superpatriotism Objectives Get your textbooks and start studying your reading assignments as indicated in these web lessons. Each web lesson folder is keyed to a specific Democracy for the Few, DFF, chapter Complete web lesson reading assignments listed in each web lesson folder Complete related Study Quizzes,SQ's, per each web lesson assignment. Complete related Reader Responses where are posted and compiled inside the Responses folder or related web folder https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 2/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Review optional Supplemental related new research sources and articles that may be found in each web lesson as additional FYI sources. These are not required reading but are offered as optional related reading materials of interest related to our course topics. Textbooks for PS 102 Reading Assignments DFF = Democracy for the Few Chapter 2 PHUS = People's History of the United States Chapters 3 - 5 SP = Superpatriotism Chapter 3 Instructions RR Formats Use basic MLA or APA citation style Paper format in Word Upload as a word document or pdf and then also email your instructor a backup copy along with confirmation when you have completed this assignment: professorkallas@mail.com (mailto:professorkallas@mail.com) https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 3/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Questions to Answer: In a few paragraphs answer the following questions citing examples from the book chapters SP Chapters 4 1) Military Patriotism: For Flag and Missile, cite examples of what the author means by this chapter title. 1) Overview: PHUS Chapter A Kind of Revolution Main Points to Consider in A People’s History, Chapter, “A Kind of Revolution” “A rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight.” This much-quoted phrase seems as relevant today as it did during the Revolutionary War: Why should the 99% fight and die for the 1%? The events in this chapter illustrate this fight and the way in which it was carried out during and immediately after the Revolutionary War. Independence, it seems, did not bring an end to the fighting between various “factions” or classes of colonists and people in general. For at least a hundred years before the Revolutionary War (see earlier chapters), the colonies were divided by class conflict. Internal class conflict was only temporarily obscured during the Revolutionary War; when the war was over, class conflict reemerged. Creating a Capitalist Republic vs. a Democracy (PHUS pages 90 - 93; also compare 'A Constitution for the Few', chapter 2 DFF) The Declaration of Independence provided the legal framework for, but not the full achievement of, a democratic nation. The so-called 'Founding Fathers' deliberately created a Constitution that was designed to control the rebellious spirit of ordinary Americans and to maintain “law and order.” The Revolutionary War did not dramatically change the internal structure or content of American society for women, laborers, slaves, and other “unimportant” people. Henry Knox described the need of “men of reflection, and principle” to be protected “in their lawful pursuits” from “the violence of lawless men.” And colonial elites like James Madison worried about ways to control “the majority” who may be led by “the mischiefs of faction.” These factions or classes, and the way in which both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution dealt with them, resulted in “half a revolution” or "a kind of revolution", an incomplete revolution. This half a rebellion was organized and composed of colonial barons, elites, plantation https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 4/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 owners or 'landed aristocracy', merchants and bankers who led the rest of the lower classes and 'middling classes' as represented by Thomas Paine and others into bloody rebellion against the British empire. Indeed, a full revolution in its entirety would have required an end to class conflict by welcoming American Indians into North American society, outlawing slavery, and granting equal rights to American women—in other words, creating a new society characterized by economic, social, racial, and political equality. This did not happen and was not the intention of the rebellion's elite organizers and planners. The unequal political, social, economic, and ideological structure of American society remained intact after the Revolutionary War. Different Types of Rebellions The Revolutionary War was a war of independence from colonial domination, a civil war between the various forces within American society, and a world war fought both in North America and on the European Continent. Economic interests of the framers motivated the political clauses of the United States Constitution that constrained democratization as 'a managed democracy' under a new capitalist republic. In order for the Founding Fathers to gain enough support for the war, they had “to woo the armed white population.” As early as the Revolutionary War, the American military was an avenue for the poor to achieve upward social and economic mobility. To Joseph Plumb Martin, the “poor soldiers” served their country well during the war, but afterward “they were turned adrift like old worn-out horses.” Samuel Dewees recalled that the soldiers at York “were afraid to say or to do any thing” for fear of punishment, and Dewees avoided encountering officers lest they might “construe my conduct in some way or other into an offense.” Key Terms and Concepts and Documents Defining Democracy Constitution Outline Beard's Economic Interpretation of the US Constitution On the Confusion over the term "Liberal": Negative Liberty vs. Positive Liberty. A note on the term "liberal" in American political terms "liberal" refers to 'progressive reformers' who define 'positive liberty' as an attempt to force government to take care of its people, in Locke's terms 'liberal' means a 'negative liberty' or LAISSEZ-FAIRE as Negative Liberty of private individualist policy of little or no government intervention into the public arena in order to protect the right of private property. American progressive version of 'liberal' means the responsibility of public government to respond to the needs of its public while the conservative version of 'liberal' means that other's welfare is their business and should NOT encroach ON or limit the private individual. Questions to Answer: In a few paragraphs answer the following questions citing examples from the book and web lessons: 1) Madison's Constitution - Containing the Spread of Democracy Why do you think this chapter is entitled, “A Kind of Revolution” which is considered a half of a revolution? How is it different from a whole revolution? Do you think the Revolutionary War was half or a whole revolution? How and why? https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 5/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 According to the historian Charles Beard, why did the wealthy want a strong federal government? When Charles Beard published Beard's Economic Interpretation of the US Constitution he revised what Americans had generally been taught about the "Founding Fathers." After reading Howard Zinn’s description of the book in the chapter, find out more about Beard’s view of the Constitution in this chapter. When did he write it? Specifically, what did he find after conducting his research about the actual drafters of the Constitution and their economic interests? (PHUS pages 90 - 93; also compare 'A Constitution for the Few', chapter 2 DFF) Cite examples of Howard Zinn’s primary contentions in this chapter, such as his assertion that social class divisions dominated American society before, during, and after the Revolutionary War. In Federalist No. 10, James Madison argues for the need to “break and control the violence of faction” . Referring to all the entries in this chapter, do you think the various authors would agree that such factions existed? If so, how did they describe them? Madison’s statement, “But the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property” (PHUS pages 90 - 93; also compare 'A Constitution for the Few', chapter 2 DFF). Provide examples from passages in this chapter to support your answer. Madison continues that the “principal task of modern legislation” is the “regulation of these various and interfering interests.” In Federalist No. 10, what specific regulation does Madison suggest and how are they meant to regulate different social classes? Why does Madison support a new constitution that creates a strong central government that supports business interests? How does Madison describe “a faction”? How does he propose, “curing the mischiefs of faction” and “removing the causes of faction”? Do you agree with his remedies? How and why? What do you think are James Madison’s most convincing arguments for creating a federalist system of central government? For supporting the creation of a republic rather than a “pure democracy”? 2) “A rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight.” This much-quoted phrase seems as relevant today as it did during the Revolutionary War: Why should the 99% fight and die for the 1%? How does this chapter support the phrase, “It was a rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight”? Do you agree or disagree with this belief? How and why? Do you believe that this phrase is applicable to today’s American army? How and why? What evidence of class conflict do you find in the entries in this chapter that support Howard Zinn’s belief that the Revolutionary Army was rife with class conflict? Howard Zinn argues that prior to the Revolutionary War, many colonists did not support the war, and thus the so-called Founding Fathers “would have to woo the armed white population” (People’s History, p. 77). Using examples from the chapter (or both chapters), demonstrate how he supports this contention. How were the class conflicts between rich and poor suppressed during the Revolutionary War? Why did they reemerge after the war’s conclusion? 3) From the Below Web Lesson Summarize for your reader why Democracy is not in the US Constitution citing examples throughout this web lesson you find most important. Tell us what you have learned so far about the evolution of the U.S. Capitalist Republic that you did not know before. THe Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 6/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Historical Evolution of Capitalist Democracy Defining Democracy Democracy (http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/04/14/us-oligarchy-not-democracy-says-scientific- study) is a combination of the Greek words Demos ("the people") + kratein ("to rule") = Rule of the People. The term Democracy (http://www.commondreams.org/views/2014/04/14/us-oligarchy-not-democracy-says- scientific-study) does not appear in the US Constitution (https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/index.html) " 'Publius's' [aka, James Madison principal architecture of the US Constitution] main task was one of definition. Today's political babble seems to believe that democracy and republic are synonymous. They are not. As Publius [aka James Madison] tried to make clear, they were as much polar opposites as monarchy and democracy." (Gore Vidal, Inventing a Nation. 22) This web presentation summarizes the chapter readings in DFF 1-2 and PHUS, People's of the United States chps. 3- 5 Compare and contrast the following major ideas about 'Liberty' and their different definitions: On the Confusion over the term "Liberal": Negative Liberty vs. Positive Liberty. A note on the term "liberal" in American political terms "liberal" refers to 'progressive reformers' who define 'positive liberty' as an attempt to force government to take care of its people, in Locke's terms 'liberal' means a 'negative liberty' or LAISSEZ-FAIRE as Negative Liberty of private individualist policy of little or no government intervention into the public arena in order to protect the right of private property. American progressive version of 'liberal' means the responsibility of public government to respond to the needs of its public while the conservative version of 'liberal' means that other's welfare is their business and should NOT encroach ON or limit the private individual. Locke's Liberal rights were defined by 'Life, Liberty, Estate or Property. Locke was anti-democratic. https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 7/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Madison's Anti-democratic Constitution privileged property rights of control over the means of production versus human civil rights of slaves, indentured servants and the working classes. Jefferson's Liberal Rights defined by the Declaration of Independence, "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness" where 'Happiness' replace Locke's 'Estate' Understand Marx's critique of liberalism and capitalism as anti-democratic institutions. References DFF pp. 2 - 4 PHUS chps. 4 - 6 Karl Marx, Labor theory of value, exploitation, class, labour rights Adam Smith & John Locke Labor theory of value A People's of the United States, PHUS 47, 73-74 on Locke's wealth and slaves; pp. 95-98 John Locke Middle class revolution Natural law Natural rights Private property Property restrictions to voting Social contract Locke inaugurates ‘empiricist’ school of philosophy 1690. Analysis of Smith & Locke's Political and Economic Liberalist Theories vs. Democracy https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 8/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 9/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 Supplemental sources related to the evolution of American politico-economic system of capitalism. Excerpts from Dr. Robert L. Heilbroner, Nature and Logic of Capitalism. Nature and Logic of Capitalism, NLC 68-69, 101 on purpose of government, 122 on unlimited acquisition, 112-113, liberalism 120-123 democracy and liberalism, 125-29 labor as seen by liberalism, 151 laissez faire and liberalism, 122-123 ); Heilbroner on Locke 68-9, 122, 112-3, 90-5. Prof. Heilbroner is an economic historian who details the contradictions inherent within the unequal capitalist economic system of power which influenced the rise of 'liberal democracy' aka 'liberal political power'. These https://sdccd.instructure.com/courses/2383054/assignments/18361401?module_item_id=39383596 10/15 2020/3/27 RR07 - 2.1 - 2.2 DFF 2 Assignments Constitution for the Few - The Origins of the American Capitalist Politico-Economic System - PS102 passages detail how liberal theorist John Locke developed his political liberal theories that justified the capitalist system of power. Before Marx, something very like this crucial relationship had already been described by John Locke. Discussing the nature of property in his Second Treaties on Government in 1690, Locke wrote: "The grass my horse has bit, the turfs my servant has cut, and the ore I have digged in any place...become my property without the assignment or consent of anybody.' Nature and Logic of Capitalism, NLC 100-101 on purpose of government, As R.H. Tawney has written: ...[T]he man who employs, governs, to the extent of the number of men employed. He has jurisdiction over them. He occupies what is really a public office. He has power, not of pit and gallows...but of overtime and short time, full bellies and empty bellies, health and sickness.... Tawney emphasizes this governing power in terms of the capacity of employers to affect the well-being of their employees. What even he does not see is that the exercise of the very right to organize production itself--to choose both its means and its ends--is an exercise of political power, an instance of domination. The deployment of the legal authority of the capitalist within the confines of his business enterprise thus constitutes an unrecognized transfer of political power from the state into private hands. As Ellen Meiksins Wood has put it, capitalism represents "the ultimate 'privatization' of politics, to the extent that functions formerly associated with coercive political power...are not firmly lodged in the private sphere..." The o ...
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Running Head: AMERICAN HISTORY

1

AMERICAN HISTORY
NAME:
INSTITUTION AFFILIATE:
DATE:

AMERICAN HISTORY

2

Military Patriotism: For Flag and Missile, cite examples of what the author means by
this chapter title.
According to Parenti, military patriots are those people who are proud of their
nationality and place the interests of the country above any other consideration. They follow
the leaders without questioning their motives. Examples include people who fail to examine
and critique their leaders and flag-waving groups.
Why do you think this chapter is entitled "A Kind of Revolution," which is considered
half of a revolution? How is it different from a whole revolution? Do you think the
Revolutionary War was half or a whole revolution? How and why?
The chapter is named a kind of revolution since it reflects what is discussed in the
chapter. While the nation was struggling to have a revolution, not more than half of the
people were fighting for it. Not many people wanted to be involved in the struggle. The
revolution is different from other revolutions since many people were not involved in the
struggle. Some of the people who fought were either forced or blackmailed to do it. They
were promised wealth or forced to go to jail. I think the revolution was half. I think people
should voluntarily take part in revolutions. Revolutions happen when the majority of the
citizens in the country feel that change must occur. They must also believe in the fight, which
is not the case.
According to the historian Charles Beard, why did the wealthy want a strong federal
government?
According to Charles Beard, the wealthy wanted a strong federal government so that
they could protect their own resources (Beard & Filler, 2017, p. 5).
When did he write it? Specifically, what did he find after conducting his research about
the actual drafters of the Constitution and their economic interests?

AMERICAN HISTORY

3

Howard Zinn wrote the book in 1980. After his research, he found out that the founders of
the Constitution wanted a war to happen. According to him, President James Polk wanted a
war so that empire-building would take place. However, the media houses failed to interpret
his sentiments; hence the war did not happen. He uses various examples such as the slave
rebellions, civil war, and abolition movement to show how they affected African Americans.
James Madison argues for the need to "break and control the violence of faction."
I think various authors would agree that various factions exist. Charles beard
described them like the wealthy. Zinn described them as the imperialists, while Parenti
described them as revolutionists. According to the Constitution of the few, there are men who
own the name `gentlemen. ` They rob people their wealth. They are also creditors. Madison
suggests that liberty and freedoms that give room for factions to exist should be destroyed.
They will regulate different classes since it will deny them the chance to give an opinion.
They will not get the chance to discuss how to deal with others.
According to Madison, The US needed a strong government to ensure that it protected
the people’s interests. The purpose of the government will be to create policies that ensure
that there is a better system that would generate federal money. According to him, a faction is
citizens who may be the minority or the majority and are brought together by a common
interest that are opposed to th...

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