Writing
San Jose State University Discipline Investigation Background and Career Path Essay

San Jose State University

Question Description

I’m studying for my English class and need an explanation.

- You dont have to interview an "actual person". You can imagine and write but make sure that the information is right. Please dont include the name of the person that you interviewed. Just mentioned in the article that the person want to keep his/her name hidden.

- Make sure you include the 2 outside research and references section.

- I have attach the requirements, sample essay, and more information. Please take a look carefully.

- Please do not include reference's word count in the total word count.

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Discipline Investigation Assignment First Draft Due: April 12 Second Draft Due: TBD Purpose and Audience Purpose: To investigate a discourse community* (e.g. profession) you hope to join and to learn about the kinds of texts (genres) that community uses. 1 This assignment will enable you to identify some of those rules or patterns by interviewing a professional in your field of study and by doing outside research Audience: Your instructor, your classmates, and other faculty members on the 100A portfolio committee. *Discourse Community: Any group of people who form a community—a family, a neighborhood, colleagues, practitioners of a particular profession—and establish informal and formal rules regarding who gets to join their community and how spoken and written interactions (i.e. discourse) occur within the community. Anyone who wants to join that community has to learn its discourse rules and patterns. Writing Steps Step 1: Interview For this assignment, you will interview a professional in your field of study to gain insight into your future discourse community. Try to select someone at a senior level, with at least five years of experience working in this field, who can provide you with a broad view of the types of work and opportunities that are available to you. Your professors in your field of study may be able to give you advice on finding a suitable interviewee. Unless you hope eventually to become a faculty member at a research university, you should not interview one of your professors. If you can interview the subject in person, GREAT. If not, please set up a phone call with them. The interview should cover 1) your subject’s background and career path; 2) your subject’s current role and responsibilities; and 3) your subject’s insight on the types of communication skills required for advancing in your field. It is best to prepare questions BEFORE the interview, so that you are able to have a full conversation with them. And, please let the person you are interviewing know that this is for a class project and that the information will remain confidential and you will not use their real name or any details revealing their identity without their permission. In preparation for the interview, you will complete a discussion assignment with your classmates to develop a set of questions for your particular interviewee. You will also read an article describing various interviewing strategies. Step 2: Outside Research Find a minimum of 2 outside sources (articles, journals) that give you additional information about your future discourse community – for example, what types of work or jobs someone in that field would have, or what the requirements will be for those jobs in the future. The outside sources must be cited within the Discipline Investigation report. Make sure that the outside sources you add are relevant to the content you are discussing in that specific section and are meaningful. You will also provide intext citation where you add these sources. You might also research additional genres of writing that might be used in your field. Note: Both Step 1 and Step 2 can be completed at the same time. Step 3: Prepare Report Your Discipline Investigation will report the information you learned during your interview and outside research, providing an introduction and conclusion to share how your own expectations about the field may have changed or broadened in doing this assignment. 1 This assignment has been adapted from a similar one developed by Julian Heather and Fiona Glade at CSU Sacramento. 1 Discipline Investigation Assignment First Draft Due: April 12 Second Draft Due: TBD Format Guidelines Please double space your writing. Your final draft should be approximately 1500 words, with 1-inch margins and 12 point font, Times New Roman. The report should have headings (in capitals and bolded) to guide the reader. Please number your pages. Everything must be turned in on Canvas. This Assignment is Required for the Portfolio Please save everything!! 2 Discipline Investigation Outline Introduction – * overview of the field being investigated (what) and the writer’s connection to this discourse community (why) * brief preface to who was interviewed for the assignment (“name” and specific job title) * brief map of the organization of the paper to follow (preview statement) Interview Report Background and Career Path -- How the informant began his/her “journey” in the career: * Initial interest and requirements and skills needed (“stepping stones” - education, training, etc.) * Any additional reference to enhance this discussion of the field Roles and Responsibilities -- the informant’s detailed job description * Overall qualifications and responsibilities + how the position fits in the overall structure of the company (macro-level) * Smaller day-to-day tasks and skills involved (micro-level) * Challenges of the job and how the informant deals with them * Other types of jobs/positions related to the profession * Any additional reference to enhance this discussion of the field Communication Skills * * * * The types of reading and writing mostly done on-the-job The typical audience for written communications The most important communication aspects of the job (especially in regards to writing) Any additional reference to enhance this discussion of the field Conclusions * A reflection of what was learned through this D.I. – new insight(s) the writer gained, and any “surprises” that differed from or added to the initial expectations of the field * A discussion of what the writer believes is still needed in his or her preparation and development for the profession Works Cited – list of outside sources used * full citations of sources included under “Works Cited” at the end of the report – no separate page needed ** A minimum of 2 sources to supplement information about the career/discipline must be integrated into the report – these references may occur in any section(s) of the body of the paper. Sources cited in-text should follow a consistent citation style. Student Name Prof Name Class and Section Date DISCIPLINE INVESTIGATION ASSIGNMENT INTRODUCTION I chose business administration with a specialization in international business because I want to take a leadership role, such as a manager or a chief officer in a company. Since globalization has become a trend in doing business, an international business degree would provide me with sufficient knowledge to do business with people outside the U.S. This degree provides me with necessary skills to plan, organize, direct, and control an organization. Throughout the program, I will be studying theories and principles of accounting, finance, statistic, marketing, management, economy, and decision-making. All of the knowledge in my major will provide me with a framework to achieve my goals in my future career path, and the understanding of business administration encourages me in dealing with entrepreneurs such as the chief operating officer, business owners, managers, customers, etc. One of the reasons that leads me to choose this career is that I want to stand out from the crowd. I am a fluent user of many languages such as Vietnamese, Mandarin, Cantonese, and English. Therefore, I want to take advantages of knowing multiple languages since I believe multilingual users have competitive advantages when they do business internationally. I know that being a manager of a firm is very stressful; however, it pays a high salary. Most of the time, managers have the opportunity to travel abroad for business. By traveling to different countries, managers would have a chance to learn new things and meet with people from different cultures. My interviewee is ____ and he is now the Chief Operating Officer (COO) at _____. This company is in the medical device industry. He has worked in the medical device industry for ten years. In this Discipline Investigation Assignment, I will introduce ___’s background and career path, his role and responsibilities as a COO, and his communication skills. At the end of this assignment, I will share my thoughts about what I find in my interview and research. 1 INTERVIEW REPORT Background and Career Path Mr.___ is Chinese-Vietnamese. He can speak Vietnamese, Chinese, and English. He immigrated to the United States of America when he was twenty-two years old. Life was not easy for him when he first came to the USA. He encountered many difficulties like language barrier, culture barrier, financial difficulties, etc. It took him eight years to obtain his first college degree in Mechanical Engineering from UC Berkeley because he had to work and study at the same time. I asked Mr. _____ what motivated him to pursue higher education since he had to work full time to survive. He told me that he believed education is proportional with income; it means the more you learn the more you earn. Mr. ____was not the only one who believed that education would help people become more successful. In the article “IMF recommends ways countries can fight income disparities without slowing economic growth” by Christopher S, the author presents one suggestion to reduce income inequality from International Monetary Fund (IMF) is that “Governments should ensure that poorer citizens have access to higher education and health care. More education can help low-income people earn more and move up the income scale.” Mr. _____ informed me that at the time, when he came to the USA, anything related to medical industry could have a good potential future; this was the reason why he started his career in the medical device industry. Mr. _____ worked at many companies prior to the start at company X, and all these companies are in his field of interest. Mr. _____ started working as a technician at a medical device company since he was in community college. After obtaining a bachelor degree in Mechanical Engineering from UC Berkeley, he worked as an engineer. After two years working in his initial position, he was promoted to manager, and then director. He worked in Research and Development, and Manufacturing Departments. Since he was the director of a company, he realized a need for obtaining a MBA degree. He said that a postgraduate degree could assist him to move to the top position. In the article “When having an MBA is Important” by Beth Braccio Hering, the author cites the book The MBA Student's Job-Seeking Bible by Elizabeth Freedman to emphasize the importance of having a MBA degree, and she cites: “Having an MBA -- as opposed to just a bachelor's degree in business -- is sort of like traveling 2 someplace by plane instead of taking the train. With either business degree, you may eventually wind up at your final 'destination' -- but the MBA will get you there faster.” After he had obtained his MBA degree from the University of ____, he decided to leave the company and started his company X. _____’s position at company X is now Founder and Chief Operating Officer (COO). Mr. _____ said that it was not easy for him to be the COO of the medical device company because not only did he have to acquire business management knowledge, but he also had to get a good grasp of mechanical engineering. He said that the qualification for COO at his company requires a BS, MS or PhD in engineering. Therefore, to him, a degree in Master of Business Administration is highly desirable. There are specific trade skills that are helpful such as medical device manufacturing technology, plastic processing technology, accounting, project management, human resource, and communication skill. Mr. _____’s company has been operating for ten years. At the beginning, on one hand, Mr. _____ had to look for investors in order to seek funding for the company. On the other hand, he had to work very hard to manage the company. He told me that writing was very important because a good writing skill would contribute a lot to a successful business plan. Having exceptional writing skills enables Mr. _____ to compose remarkable business plans, in order to attract investors to fund his company. After putting tremendous effort to run company X, Mr. _____’s company is in good shape; however, Mr. _____ also mentioned that a current job market in the medical device industry is quite unfavorable. Since the product takes a long time to achieve FDA approval, and it is costly to develop. Therefore, not a lot of companies in this field are established. Role and Responsibilities Mr. _____’s responsibility as COO consists of developing business strategies, hiring capable teams, managing budgets, designing products, overseeing manufacturing operations, interacting with a variety of people (customers, investor, physician and FDA) as well as executing marketing strategy. Mr. _____ said that the biggest challenge is to hire the right people and keep them focused. He mentioned that it is not easy to find an employee with both technical skills and interpersonal skills, that is, someone who was capable and got the right skill set, and someone 3 who had the right attitude, and willing to learn. In the article “Facing Down The Biggest Challenges In Manufacturing Today” by Tom Bonine, President, National Metal Fabricators, Bonine also presents the same point of view; in his article, he said that one of the most challenging issues in American manufacturing right now, from a manufacturer’s view, is finding good employee. Bonine said: Manufacture companies today have a hard time finding employees who will show up and be on time for work, stay at their work stations, and, bottom line, stick with their jobs. When it’s hard to find reliable personnel, employers have to spend excess time hiring and training new employees, then rehiring and training new employees. This is difficult both in terms of financial costs and efficiency. I questioned Mr. _____ about as the COO, what smaller day-to-day tasks and skills are involved. Generally, he said that his daily tasks involve many meetings, phone calls, project reviews, talking to investors, calling meetings, reviewing budgets, and checking emails. He has lots of email correspondence. He said that every day is different. Some days he has to look at product with the design team, then reports to his investors. He also needs to talk to the CEO of the company to review complaints and resolve human resource issues. He said that the good thing is that he has his administrative assistant, who usually reviews his schedule at the beginning of the day. Mr. _____ also noted that his position requires lots of traveling. Some trips are to see customers and for training, others are for doing offsite tests. He also visits investors to seek funding for the company. He said that learning foreign languages would have many advantages when doing business with international partners. He mentioned that it would be easier to approach a foreigner if you can speak their language and understand their culture. Communication skills I asked Mr. _____ what have been the most important communication aspects of the job. He said that he has to carefully write quarterly and monthly meeting speeches. He has to compose speeches that are motivational. Mr. _____ said that the main objective is to make employees happy and establish trust between management and staff. He believes that when the employees are happy and trusting their managers, they could be more productive. He emphasized that it is 4 imperative to communicate frequently with employees in both formal and informal ways. While he values frequent talks to employees in an informal manner, he prefers writing for employees’ performance reviews as he sees this is an appropriate way to formally communicate with employees. In each employee performance review, he rewards the employee for his or her positive performance, and carefully points out their deficiency in a constructive way. He said that employee performance review is a good way to give feedback to employees. In the article “Performance Reviews: Tips, Phrases & Examples for Bosses” by Chad Brooks, the author presents the same idea that most of the managers find it is useful to write the employee performance review. Brooks said, “While managers might not enjoy spending time writing their employee evaluations, they do see the benefits that come from them. A recent study by the staffing firm Accountemps revealed that more than 90 percent of executives feel their performance reviews are effective.” Mr. _____ said that, in business, good writing skill has been one of the necessities of communication. He implied that the business field involves a lot of writing; for example, he has to reply to a lot of emails regarding customer complaints; he needs to write concise reports; he also has to prepare a business proposal that is interesting but tempered with managed expectation, etc. In addition to writing skills, his job also involves a lot of reading. He reads a lot of testing protocol and reports because he has to ensure the quality of the products. He also reads medical journals such as Neurosurgery, Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Endovascular Today, Metech Insight, Today's Medical Developments, Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, and Medical Device Manufacturing. By studying these medical journals, on one hand, he could keep his knowledge up to date in the medical field; on the other hand, these medical journals will provide him better insights into the market in the medical device industry and help him answer questions such as what are the consumer needs? Or what medical device should he invent to satisfy the consumer needs and keep his company growing? CONCLUSION After interviewing Mr. _____ and conducting the Discipline Investigation Assignment, I have learned many lessons and absorbed numerous useful information and new ideas. First, as an immigrant, I admire Mr. _____’s perseverance. He is a conscientious and hard-working 5 individual who works very hard to reach his goals. Second, I learned from him the way he manages his company and deals with his employees. He pointed out to me the importance of communication and establishing trust between management and employees, which reminds me that I have to learn how to communicate effectively with others in both writing and speaking. On the one hand, it has worried me that COO positions involve a lot of writing because I am an immigrant, and I find it is difficult to write in English. However, I know that there is no other substitution; if I wanted to be a COO or manager in the future, from now on, I have to practice my writing skill. On the other hand, it is also a surprise to me to know how important the MBA degree is. After finishing my BS degree, I may obtain this postgraduate degree because I believe it will send me to the chief officer position faster. References Facing Down The Biggest Challenges In Manufacturing Today. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.manufacturing.net/articles/2014/03/facing-down-the-biggest-challenges-inmanufacturing-today IMF recommends ways countries can fight income disparities without slowing economic growth (3/13/14 4:06 pm). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.therepublic.com/w/US--Wealth-GapFiscal-Policy Performance Reviews: Tips, Phrases & Examples for Bosses. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.businessnewsdaily.com/5366-performance-review-tips-for-bosses.html When having an MBA is Important - CNN.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2010/LIVING/worklife/06/09/cb.when.mba.important/ 6 Eng/LLD 100A Prof. Rajan Page 1 Interview Process and Questions for the Discipline Investigation Interview Process: 1. Request an appointment with the interviewee. This can be over the phone. (If you want to record the interview, make sure you ask the person if that would be OK.) Also, ask beforehand if the interviewee ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

Running Head: DSCIPLINE INVESTIGATION ESSAY

Discipline Investigation Essay
Name of Student
Name of Instructor
Name of Course
Name of Institution
Date

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DISCIPLINE INVESTIGATION ESSAY

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Discipline Investigation Essay
Introduction
I chose business administration with a specialization in operations management since I
want to become an operations director of a company in the future. A degree in operations
management will give me the required skills to work in, and outside the U.S. The degree will
also acquaint me with expertise in management, planning, activity organization and reporting.
My degree program will entail learning how to develop strategies to create and enhance
processes in a company. I will also learn various disciplines of operations management like
quality assurance, planning, policy formulation, accounting, activity coordination and theories in
economics. The knowledge that I will get in my major disciplines will give me a systematic
framework to enable me to achieve my future goal and career path. The main reason for my
choice of this degree program is b4ecause I would like to be different and unique. Currently, I
can fluently read and write Chinese, Japanese and English. My knowledge of these languages
will give me an advantage during communication with different people. I am aware that the
positions of a company operations manager are a special but a stressful job role. Managers often
have numerous chances to travel abroad for business meetings and project reviews. Company
managers are paid handsomely and have more opportunities to acquire new ideas and meet new
faces from various cultural backgrounds. My degree programs will also sharpen my skills on
how to handle customers, business owners, managers and other entrepreneurs in my career path.
My interviewee is Mr. A and is the operations director at Company Z. the company is in
the manufacturing industry. Mr. A has worked in the manufacturing industry for 12 years. In my
Discipline Investigation Assignment, I will include information about the career path of Mr. A. I
will also cover his duties, roles and responsi...

Lincolvin (13639)
UT Austin

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