Bibliographic exercise .
Rationalization is a fundamental basis of power in Modernity.
The implementable of power as hallmarks of modern rationalization in Western world
Matthew J, Smetona 2018, ‘On The Interrelation Of Production and Reproduction’,
The Analytical Contribution of Marxist-feminism, vol. 65, no. 3,
In Marx’s words, the emergence of commodities has changed modern society on the
one hand, and the exchange of production on the other hand has transformed human
social relations into physical social relations and ideas. He believes that social
rationalization is the great development of production of means of subsistence,
specifically, the growth of empirical knowledge, the improvement of production
technology, training and organization. On the contrary, the production relationship
engage with power in any modern class society, the ruling class in order to achieve
their own rule to their own class of thought in the form of universality, they are
described as the only reasonable, universal ideas. Matthew(p57) excavated and found
the hallmarks of Communism is collectively controlled in nature and meets the
collectively determined human needs with the objective conditions of social
production. In society, in order to gain additional value from the work done by those
who exist outside that class, value in turn translates into capital and private
George, Ritzer 1988, ‘The MacDonaldization Thesis’, Explorations and Extension,
SAGE Publications, London.
The operation mode of McDonald's fast-food restaurant is typical of the
rationalization process of modernity. George(p40) demonstrates fast-food restaurants
as fundamental samples related to rationalization in modern social relations.
According to Weber's theory, the internal clue that dominates the development of
capitalism is the "rationalization" process reflected in various fields of social life. The
fundamental goals of this rationalization are "efficiency", "calculability",
"predictability", and “the means of control through the substitution of non-human for
human technology.” The embodiment of this rationalization in this specific system is
the "modern bureaucracy”, besides, McDonaldization is a functional rationalization
system displayed on modern social relations. George believes most of the staff are
confined to repeating one or two activities and will be increasingly controlled by the
rhythm of the machinery, and more importantly, it is separate from the whole of the
final product individuals. All these aspects of the operation mode of the fast-food
restaurant have brought huge benefits to the operators, that is the process of utilizing
power in the perspective of "modernity".
Paul, B & Graeme, K 2002, Historical Materialism and Social Evolution, Graeme
Kirkpatrick, New York.
Paul and Graeme(2002,p.131) have highlighted that social interpretation must take the
form of micro-interpretation of stratification only to refer to individuals’ attributes.
Individuals will perform rational actions in a limited sense of optimization and take
any method to best achieve their preferences. Modern society is a highly complex
system with increasingly differentiated structures and functions. Various elements of
society are highly dependent and inseparable. Rationalization has infiltrated into all
aspects of modern society, from social individuals to social groups and even the whole
social system. That is to say, the whole social system must be guided by rational laws,
or there will be all kinds of contradictions and conflicts in society. It can be
considered that the modern society is a rational society to some extent, and the
modern individuals and society shaped by rationality must clearly define the
important position and role of rationalization. Power as a historically contingent,
engage with modernity and rationalization and promote each other at the same time.
There is no modernization without idealization, and there is no "market" without the
idealization of modernization(Paul, B &Graeme, K 2002, P.132)
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