Business Finance
Columbia Southern University Unit 4 Health Information Exchange Essay

Columbia Southern University

Question Description

I need an explanation for this Business question to help me study.

Below are the instructions with the study guide attached.

Scenario: A company called Colony Nursery and Landscaping opened a new store located a few hundred miles away from its original location. The company wants to implement an award system that awards their customers with points whenever customers make a purchase, but the two stores are not able to share information. Colony Nursery and Landscaping will need to implement an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system that will solve the information silo problem by collecting and making this user data available. Colony Nursery and Landscaping is hoping that by providing customers with this award system, they will be able to maintain competitive advantage. Colony Nursery and Landscaping cannot afford to purchase, develop, or maintain this system on-site, so they are investigating cloud solutions.

In addition, for many organizations, Colony Nursery and Landscaping included, information silos make it difficult to tap into needed information. Discuss whether or not the problem of information silos can be solved by using the cloud. Some organizations do not have the resources to construct or maintain their computer infrastructure, so they utilize cloud services instead to reduce costs and improve scalability. In this assignment, you will discuss whether or not the cloud offers solutions for Colony Nursery and Landscaping and identify an application that the ERP system could provide. Compose an essay that includes the elements listed below.

  • Define what an information silo is.
  • Explain why information silos are a problem for organizations.
  • Discuss why organizations are moving to the cloud.
  • Determine whether or not using cloud services, such as a cloud-based host for data storage, would solve the ERP information silo problem at Colony Nursery and Landscaping.
  • Explain how using the ERP system and awards program would provide a competitive advantage for Colony Nursery and Landscaping.
  • Discuss why the implementation of an ERP system might require business process reengineering for Colony Nursery and Landscaping. Be sure to explain the business processes that will be affected (e.g., the customer awards system). Use diagrams or tables as needed, but this is not required.

Your essay must be a minimum of two pages in length (not counting the title and reference pages), and it must be formatted in APA style. You should include an introduction section that gives background and context to your reader. You must use at least two scholarly resources as references. Any information from these resources must be cited and referenced in APA format.

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UNIT IV STUDY GUIDE The Cloud, Processes, Organizations, and Information Systems Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IV Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 4. Explain how information systems can be used to gain and sustain competitive advantage. 4.1 Examine how an organization can use enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems to maintain a competitive advantage. 6. Assess the key issues involved in managing the components of IT infrastructure. 6.1 Define the term information silo. 6.2 Discuss how the cloud can help organizations manage resources and eliminate information silos. 6.3 Explain why implementation of ERP systems may require business process reengineering. Course/Unit Learning Outcomes 4.1 6.1 6.2 6.3 Learning Activity Unit Lesson Chapter 7 Unit IV Essay Unit Lesson Chapter 6 Unit IV Essay Unit Lesson Chapter 6 Unit IV Essay Unit Lesson Chapter 7 Unit IV Essay Reading Assignment Chapter 6: The Cloud, Q6-1 – Q6-7 Chapter 7: Processes, Organizations, and Information Systems, Q7-1 – Q7-7 Unit Lesson In Unit III, we discussed the basic concepts of hardware and software, open source software development, and database management systems. We also compared the differences between native and thin-client applications. Lastly, we explored mobile systems and the characteristics of quality mobile user experiences. In this unit, we will discuss the cloud and how the cloud works, the types of business processes, and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. The Cloud Many of you already use the cloud and may not be aware of it. So, what is the cloud? When we use the term, the cloud we are not referring to a weather phenomenon but, instead, to a technology (Figure 1). This technology is a service that provides storage for data, such as documents and images; synchronization capabilities for electronic devices, such as smartphones and tablets; and other resources that can be obtained over the Internet (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). BBA 3551, Information Systems Management If an organization UNIT x STUDY chooses GUIDE to utilize Titlein-house computing, it retains control over its physical computing resources and knows exactly how its computing resources are secured and protected. For most organizations, cloud-based hosting is a viable option. Any organization that is not required by law to have physical controls on data could benefit from cloud computing. If an organization is required by law to have control of its data, it may have to create its own infrastructure. A financial institutional may be one example; this type of institution may need control over its data because of requirements (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, and Infrastructure as a Service Be careful not to confuse the cloud with the Internet. The Internet can be described as a collection of computers connected together using Internet Protocol (IP) to link devices, such as computers, servers, smartphones, and tablets, from around the world. The Internet can also be described as the largest network in the world. Unlike the Internet, the cloud is a computing technology that provides resources and services over the Internet (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). Figure 1: The cloud Another service is software as a service (SaaS), which eliminates the need for proprietary e-mail and local servers. Instead, businesses can choose SaaS cloud services, such as Google or Outlook, for e-mail rather than setting up local e-mail servers. Another example is Microsoft (MS) Office. Users can use the online version of MS Office instead of downloading the entire suite to their computer and then having to download and install updates to the software every time MS releases an update (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). An organization that provides software as a service (SaaS) provides an operating system (OS) and application programs in addition to the hardware infrastructure. The second category of cloud hosting is platform as a service (PaaS). In this platform, hosted computers, an OS, and a database management system (DBMS) are provided by the vendors. An example of this can be seen with MS Windows Azure. This is further discussed in the Unit IV Reading Assignment. The third category of cloud hosting is infrastructure as a service (IaaS), which is when a bare server, computer, or disk drive is hosted in the cloud. A bare server or computer is where a blank virtual machine is provided to customers so the customers can install their own software. The Amazon Elastic Computer Cloud (EC2) provides bare servers, and its Simple Storage Server provides, in essence, an unlimited, reliable disk drive in the cloud (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). Further Discussion Because of the availability of cheap computing infrastructure, such as those available in the cloud, there may be more startup businesses that can quickly and cheaply acquire the computing infrastructure they need. In turn, the demand for people who know how to create, use, and manage information systems (IS) will continue to be strong. Also, companies will still need help in determining the right cloud-based computing options. They will need help in building their databases on the cloud. They will need help in learning to use the cloud-based resources, and they will still need training so that their people are comfortable with the systems obtained from the cloud vendors. Under existing conditions, businesses emphasize technical expertise. In the near future, BBA 3551, Information Systems Management 2 businesses will need to emphasize detailed understanding of their customers’UNIT needsx for the cloud-based STUDY GUIDE environment. The focus will be on what you can do with cloud-based offeringsTitle to make the business more efficient and effective instead of just providing the technical expertise to create the infrastructure. Services will be very people-oriented and will not be as technical. It is not likely that everyone on the information technology (IT) staff can adapt to the more people-centered focus of the business. Unfortunately, some highly technical people are not well suited to provide training and support to businesspeople (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). What was learned here is that technology continues to evolve. For some, these changes may confuse and frighten them, but business professionals should recognize change as opportunities for the future and let go of the past. Business professionals should also recognize that, like technology, businesses also change and evolve. Processes Why is it important to understand processes? Processes are essential for developing IT systems because processes detail day-to-day operations. In order to build a successful IT system, developers must understand how the business operates. One way to document processes is to use a data flow diagram. A data flow diagram uses symbols to represent how a system should function. For example, before you can build a system, you will need to understand how the current system works and what the users of the system expect it to do. Once you have this information, you can create what is called a process modeling diagram that outlines how the new system will work. This involves creating a dataflow diagram that illustrates all this information (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). Figure 2 below is an example of a dataflow diagram, which shows logical steps in a process for developing a system. Figure 2: Using a modeling process for developing a system Problem With Information Silos Information silos are instances where information is stored and isolated from other IS. For example, let’s say that your organization has four locations—one in Los Angeles, New York, Dallas, and Philadelphia. In Dallas, the IT team successfully developed a database system essential for documenting and recording customer testimonials. In Los Angeles, New York, and Philadelphia, the IT teams have been struggling for several months to implement a similar system, but there was no repository of information or any sharing of information between the four locations to help the organization implement the system successfully in all of those locations (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). BBA 3551, Information Systems Management 3 UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title Figure 3: Sharing resources between organizational locations To sum up, information silos prevent the sharing of information. Successful organizations cannot operate in information silos. Organizations must share information in order to obtain high levels of achievement and sustainable results (Figure 3). ERP You are probably wondering why you need to understand ERP. Well, it is important to understand ERP because it is used to improve customer relations through better business processes. ERP systems can be used to forecast customer demands, which helps companies to anticipate inventory, product trends, and service trends. ERP systems is a software infrastructure, and it integrates an organization’s business Figure 4: ERP modules (Yeung, 2013) BBA 3551, Information Systems Management 4 processes such as budgeting, customer services, human resources, supply chains, manufacturing UNIT xand STUDY GUIDE (Figure 3). For example, when organizations combine an ERP system with another Title core process, such as a supply chain management system (SCM), this can help improve supply chain performance and better management of inventory (Kroenke & Boyle, 2017). See Figure 4 below for examples of the different modules of ERP. Summary Information silos prevent organizations from performing efficiently because the data is stored in separate IS. This happens when each department in an organization works with and stores its own version of data. For example, at a grocery store, the accounting department processes sales and payroll, the delivery department processes deliveries and inventory, and the human resources department processes employee data. An information silo occurs when the human resources department changes an employee’s pay rate but does not make this information available to the accounting department. As a result, the employee does not get his or her new pay rate for the next pay period. To fix this problem, the organization needs to consolidate all of its data in one place such as in a single database (enterprise application). In addition, the old way of doing things will need to be discarded, and a new business process will need to be developed for using that database. The organization can reduce costs (implementing and maintaining the system) by using cloud services such as a cloud database. In essence, this IS can also be described as a distributed system because the data can be distributed among the departments using computing devices such as laptops, tablets, and smartphones. The grocery store solution was an example of an enterprise application. There are three types of enterprise applications: customer relationship management (CRM), ERP, and enterprise application integration (EAI). Using an ERP solution will integrate all of this disparate data so that each department knows what the other is doing, and each department can access data in real time. References Kroenke, D. M. & Boyle, R. J. (2017). Using MIS (10th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson. Yeung, S. H. (2013). ERP modules [Image]. Retrieved from Suggested Reading The following chapters, which are located in the textbook in uCertify, are not required for this unit, but the sections still contain beneficial information. You are highly encouraged to read them. Chapter 6: The Cloud, Q6-8 Chapter 7: Processes, Organizations, and Information Systems, Q7-8 Learning Activities (Nongraded) Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information. To test your knowledge of the material covered in this unit, complete the activities listed below. BBA 3551, Information Systems Management 5           Chapter 6 Active Review Chapter 6 Using Your Knowledge Chapter 6 Collaboration Exercise Chapter 6 Review Questions Chapter 6 Cards Chapter 7 Active Review Chapter 7 Using Your Knowledge Chapter 7 Collaboration Exercise Chapter 7 Review Questions Chapter 7 Cards UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title The activities are located within the chapter readings in uCertify. The Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 Active Review sections, Using Your Knowledge sections, Collaboration Exercises, and Review Questions are located at the end of each chapter. The cards can be accessed by clicking on the Cards icon within uCertify, which is located to the right of the chapter title, and the icon in uCertify resembles the image shown below. BBA 3551, Information Systems Management 6 ...
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Information silo refers to a system of an informational system that is not compatible with
communicating with other informational management arrangements. The format of
communication in an information silo is vertically structured, thus causing a barrier for the
arrangement to work with unrelated systems (Miller & Tucker, 2014). In the case of Colony
Nursery and Landscaping applying information, the silo has been the main concern in sharing
customer’s information for awarding purposes. The sharing of customer’s information is critical
in boosting the competitive advantage of a firm.
As mentioned, information silo leads to ineffective communications, as data sharing has
somewhat limitations. Colony Nursery and Landscaping intends to adopt a communication
system of sharing customer data among different stores for customer loyalty. However, the
system could be of little use since it is a problem for numer...

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