Due to the ever-evolving technology, particularly related to the Internet and cell phones, our world is becoming better and better connected across oceans, continents, and cultures. There are many benefits to this increased connectedness. However, there are some negative effects, as well. One example is the effect that Western society is having on Far Eastern societies’ expressions of certain forms of mental illnesses.
In the article “The Americanization of Mental Illness” (Watters, 2010), the author discusses how the symptoms of anorexia nervosa, an eating disorder, were different in China than in the Western countries. A psychiatrist and researcher, Dr. Sing Lee, was studying this Chinese version of the eating disorder, which did not have much in common with the Western version. The Chinese with anorexia did not seem to diet or fear becoming fat, as most in the West do. Instead, they seemed to complain mainly of bloated stomachs. In 1994, in the midst of his research, a teenage girl in Hong Kong died after fainting on a city street. The death was in the news, and reporters wrote about the death by citing the DSM from the United States. Their widespread publication of those symptoms in light of this girl’s death seems to have begun a change in how the illness is now expressed in China. Now, more individuals are developing Western-style symptoms consistent with the DSM list of criteria. It seems the Western definition has traveled to China and has begun to transform how that illness is expressed there.
Review this article at the following:
Based on your analysis of the article, the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources and the Internet, respond to the following:
- The DSM has been developed primarily by Western psychiatrists, based on research involving Western patients. What are the possible negative outcomes of the continued spread of the DSM definitions of mental illness across the globe to other cultures?
- What risks are involved with applying Western diagnoses to children and adolescents from non-Western cultures? Identify at least two risks, and explain the potential negative effects in detail.
Give reasons and examples in support of your answer.
Write your initial response in 300–500 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources, including in-text citations and full references. Incorporate information from at least two academic sources to support your statements or ideas. Academic sources could include your textbook, required readings for this module, or academic journal articles found in the AU online library.
By Monday, July 28, 2014, post your response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Through Wednesday, July 30, 2014, review and comment on at least two peers’ responses. Provide a statement of clarification, a point of view with rationale, challenge a point of discussion, or draw a relationship between one or more points of the discussion. Consider commenting on the following:
- Describe positive outcomes that may exist for the spread of the DSM definitions to other cultures, if any.
- Evaluate the negative outcomes presented by your peers.
- Indicate any outcomes that are unsupported by the required readings.
- Add to your peers’ lists with ideas of your own.
- Discuss topics related to the harm of diagnosing children and adolescents without considering cultural factors.
- Provide interesting resources, Web sites, or references for academic research articles you found during your research. Summarize the researched information for your peers.
American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Watters, E. (2010, January 10). The Americanization of mental illness. New York Times Magazine, p. 40–45. (ProQuest Document ID: 215465227) http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.edmc.edu/docview/215465227