Stages of Moral Development
Based on your readings for this week write a response in at least 250-300
words to the following prompt:
Chapter 7 introduces us to Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development. A
provocative question is whether the system of law enforcement should, on any
level, make distinctions between crimes motivated by more or less moral
interests. For example, should we consider persons who violate the law for
moral reasons less reprehensible and thus less legally blameworthy than others?
Consider and answer the questions regarding the following hypothetical cases
involving law-breaking behaviors. Which, if any, of these behaviors are
immoral? Why? Based on Kohlberg’s model, at what level and stage of moral
development would you place the person(s) in the following scenarios?
- A recently laid-off husband and father of five steals
several food items from a local grocery store to feed his hungry children.
- A concerned mother drives 80 miles-per-hour in a
55-mile-per-hour zone to get her child to the hospital. The child has 104
- Two officers respond to the scene of a reported robbery
at a convenience store. While the first officer is interviewing the
victim, the second officer is observed by the first officer taking candy
without paying for it. The first officer does not say anything.
Now consider the following legal
behaviors. Which, if any, would you consider to be immoral? Why? Given
Kohlberg’s model of moral development, at what level and stage would you place
the actor in question?
- Passing by a dark alley late at night, a young man
witnesses what appears to be a rape in progress. As he is unsure what is
happening and somewhat afraid to get involved, he chooses to simply
continue on his way.
- A young couple has managed to accumulate $50.00 worth
of late charges at a local video store. Upon their next visit, the store
manager informs them that there has been a computer malfunction, resulting
in the store losing track of all late charges on customer accounts.
The manager asks them if they had any outstanding charges, to which the
couple replies, “No.”
Kohlberg instituted the utilization of dilemmas to perceive the ethical choices that youngsters
create at completely different stages of
development, encouraging youngsters
to deem choices, outcomes and effects of a decision; at completely different stages of
development, actions are valued otherwise. As individuals, we all face
life-shaping ethical choices. Some of the most important decisions we as
individuals face in life involve ethical or moral questions. Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral
development Punishment and Obedience, Instrumental Purpose and Exchange,
Interpersonal Expectations and Conformity, Law and Order, Social Contract/Rights, Universal Ethical Principles (Williams
& Arriago, 2012, pg. 129),
Williams, C. R., & Arriago, B. A.
(2012). Ethics, crime, and criminal justice (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle,
NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Need asap, due today please all questions need to be answered thanks list references apa style please make it good