Unformatted Attachment Preview
A Report on
THE CHANGING NATURE OF MULTI-CULTURAL CABRAMATTA:
CHALLENGES IN AN AGED CARE FACILITY
Briefly summarise the Yellow highlighted sentences using Ref 1 in one paragraph.
Aged care is the support provided to older people in their own home or in an aged care (nursing)
home. It can include help with everyday living, health care, accommodation and equipment such
as walking frames or ramps. Aged care is the support provided to older people who need help in
their own home or who can no longer live at home. It can include:
help with everyday living — such as housework, shopping, cooking or social outings
equipment — such as walking frames
home modifications — such as handrails or ramps
personal care — such as dressing, eating, bathing or going to the toilet
health care — such as nursing, physio or medical care
accommodation — if living at home is no longer the best option
Aged care can help you to:
stay connected to your community
be more independent
take care of your health and safety
meet your cultural and social needs
Types of aged care services
Aged care services include:
A. care in your home (In-home aged care provides support to help you stay
independent for as long as possible. It can help with things like personal care,
transport, food, shopping, housework, physio, social activities, and modifications
to your home).
B. residential care in aged care (nursing) homes (Residential care in aged care
(nursing) homes is for older people who: can no longer live at home or need
ongoing help with everyday tasks or health care).
C. short-term care (Short-term care can help you to improve your wellbeing and
independence or get back on your feet after a hospital stay. It can also give you or
your carer a break. You can receive short-term services in your home, an aged
care home or in the community. The Australian Government subsidises: [afterhospital or transition care (support for up to 12 weeks to help you recover after a
stay in hospital), short-term restorative care (support for up to 8 weeks to help you
improve your wellbeing and independence), and respite care (support for a few
hours, days or longer to give you or your carer a break)]
D. Privately funded care (Some people are not eligible for government-funded
services. If you are not eligible or are waiting for services to become available,
you can access privately funded services. You will need to pay the full cost
The Australian Government subsidises most types of aged care for people who are eligible.
Who provides aged care?
Different types of organisations provide aged care services in Australia, including:
for-profit private companies
Organisations must apply to become approved providers to get government funding. [Ref 1
Residential aged care:
Write 1-3 paragraphs to cover the 8 green highlighted questions using Ref 1-6.
1) What is residential aged care?
residential care in aged care (nursing) homes (Residential care in aged care (nursing) homes is
for older people who: can no longer live at home or need ongoing help with everyday tasks or
health care). The Australian Government subsidises aged care homes to provide care that is
available 24 hours a day. Residential care can be short-term (respite care) or permanent). [Ref 1
2) How is residential aged care funded? (What is the model of funding) and what are the
implications of this for: aged care residents; families; carers; staff; the executive; the
owners of the facility; the Board?
[Ref 2 https://www.health.gov.au/initiatives-and-programs/residential-aged-care/funding-forresidential-aged-care/the-aged-care-funding-instrument-acfi]
[Ref 2 https://www.health.gov.au/resources/publications/aged-care-funding-instrument-acfiadditional-information]
3) How are residential aged care facilities staffed and paid?
[Ref 3 https://agedcare.royalcommission.gov.au/publications/Documents/research-paper-1.pdf]
4) Is there a demand for staff or an over-supply of staff and what are the implications of this
for: aged care residents; families; carers; staff; the executive; the owners of the facility;
5) What is the current context for residential aged care facilities given the findings of the
Royal Commission into Aged Care Quality and Quality and Safety for: aged care
residents; families; carers; staff; the executive; the owners of the facility; the Board?
[Ref 4 https://agedcare.royalcommission.gov.au/publications/Documents/background-paper1.pdf]
6) What are some of the different models of care used in residential aged care? (e.g. Rhythm
of Life, Household model, the Eden Alternative – etc)
[Ref 5 https://agedcare.royalcommission.gov.au/publications/Documents/research-paper-3review-innovative-models-aged%20care-appendix-3.pdf]
[Ref 5 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5338211/pdf/HESR-51-352.pdf]
7) How do residential aged care facilities attract new clients?
When thinking about creating linkages between services, it’s important to start with evidencebased strategies. A systematic literature review previously conducted at the Queensland
University of Technology (QUT) revealed seven evidence-based linkage strategies that can be
used to create effective and mutually beneficial linkages between care providers.
These seven strategies were trialed across twenty sites in Australia, resulting in benefits
Increased staff knowledge, skills and confidence in advance care planning and palliative care;
12% decrease in hospital transfers in the last week of residents’ lives;
Early changes to personal and workplace practices and increased use of linkage strategies;
Increased awareness and communication with local services and resources;
Increased completion of advance care planning documentation for your residents;
Improved continuity of care between services. [Ref 6
8) How do residential aged care facilities interact with community organisations?
Kindly address the 4 blue highlighted questions using Ref 7&8.
1) What is multicultural care?
It is a non- government, not-for-profit, secular community-based organisation that specialises in
providing person-centred, consumer directed home care services to frail-aged people and their
carers from CALD backgrounds. [Ref 7 https://multiculturalcare.com.au/careeremployment/current-position/]
2) What does good multicultural care look like in aged care? What is the evidence for this in
Home Care Packages (enables you to personalise services to support you so that you can live a
healthy, safe and independent life in the comfort of your own home and to stay connected in your
own community. Multicultural Care provides Home Care Packages are funded by the Australian
Government and are available in four levels), Commonwealth Home Support Programme
(CHSP) (Supporting frail elderly individuals from multicultural communities from across the
Inner West, South East and South West Sydney suburbs who require assistance to continue
living independently in their homes and connecting them with the community), NDIS –
Disability Care Services (Providing bilingual care services to clients with disabilities), or
Privately funded services (All our services can be provided privately on a fee for service basis to
self-funded individuals). [Ref 8 https://multiculturalcare.com.au/]
3) What is the evidence for the benefits of multicultural care for people in aged care
facilities? Briefly address this.
4) What are the challenges to providing multicultural care in this challenge (there are
different cultural backgrounds in the same facility)? Briefly address this.
The main problem that is associated with my challenge brief is the lack of sufficient care
facilities for the elderly that ensure that native languages have been conserved. Various authors
have opined their support for the conservation of native languages all over the world
(Reece&Poojara,2018). The government of Australia is giving funds and incentives to support
the caring facilities and to improve the lives of elderly people. The Australian community is in
the process of creating one of the specialised care units that ensure the elderly have a place to
call home. In this process, the proposed project is going to provide that the modern.
Multicultural and aging Australians have been taken care of in changing the local community
(Buist et al., 2017). According to the existing literature on the topic of conserving native
languages, many challenges exist in (Delaney, 2018). Native languages have been declining in
recent decades whereby only as an elected lot of elders shave the ability to speak them. In other
words, most of the language shave been contaminated with influences from other emerging
languages that make it difficult for people in the sense of belonging to a single language.
The problem is worth investigating because it will enable the Australian society to ensure that
every older individual has the pleasure of speaking their native language even when they are
taken to elderly care homes and units (Footeetal., 2016). In most caring facilities, there are aged
care nurses who are responsible for taking care of the other patients and older individuals. The
nurses will be assisting the former residents with the daily routine tasked like bathing and
personal grooming; those who are not able to eat are being assisted to eat too. The nurses who
are working at the facilities are being expected to make observation and documentation of every
patient and their health conditions. The documentation will help the professional in managing
the health condition and regular checkup of the patients. Due to the health conditions of the
older individuals, it is therefore required that the nurses working at such facilities must be
The literature that is available on the problem will contribute to the field of nursing care by
ensuring that respect and conservation of native languages have prevailed in the entire
Australian community. In searching for literature related to this topic, the approach used was in
the library searches (Delaney, 2018). Peer-reviewed data were obtained from various
governmental and non-governmental databases. Keywords, in this case, include the following:
elderly, native languages, Australia care homes.
Cabramatta elderly Care facility:
Cabramatta elderly Care facility will open a residence comprising of a 24-bed high-care unit and
a 24-bed secured amentia unit. This facility is going to provide food housing, transport as well as
all other basic needs to clients that will be signed. There has been an increased demand in these
facilities given that the local community in Australia is changing and requires such homes where
natives will be comfortable given that the native languages and culture have been conserved in
the long run. According to projections from non-governmental organisations, there will be an
expected growth of such homes running to 5% by 2021. The homes and the care facilities are
operating for the social benefit of the community. The older people will stay at the facilities as
their homes with the ongoing support of food and medicine from the health system and donors.
Cabramatta supports the aged group in Australia by giving them clothing, food, and residential
areas. The home care is not like any other business organisation whose purpose and objectives
are to earn a profit; the organisation will be operating with the funds from good wishers who are
supporting the institutions out of the goodwill. The institution will be working to deal with the
problem of the aging part of the population in Australia.
The organisation will present the context of both economic and social effects on the facility. It
also considered the factors that are leading to the increasing number of the edging population
within the caring facilities. The institution also looks at the effects that will come up in society
when there is a significant population of the aged group of people
To be recognised as the best elderly care facility in Australia offering services that take
into consideration the conservation of native languages. By taking care of the aged
populations, then the cultural practices of the older adults must be taken into accounts to
help them adapt to the new community and not feel neglected by other parts of the
To be a home that considers factors such as challenges facing the ages, including higher
house prices and higher currents that are changing the socio-economic mix of local people.
This will make the local people take part and play significant roles in the development and
operation of the care facility.
To become a home of the elderly with considerations for changing educational
expectations amongst young Australian-born people and changing migration patterns,
mean that staff with appropriate language and pedagogical skills may be challenging to
find shortly. To be a home of the elders, the facility management is very optimistic that
the organisation will positively change the life of the older adults and make the life
gracefully at their olden days.
To generate a minimum of $6000 by the end of each financial year. The finance to be
generated mainly through donations and goodwill from the well-wishers of the society
who are positive about the projects and the operations of the facility. For the objectives of
raising funds to be achieved, the organisations are ensuring that the increased amount is
being spent accordingly and within the set budget.
The objective of the facility is to make it take the outlook of the social ownership
whereby the members of the community and the local feeling that the organisations.
Being owned by the city will make the operation to be comfortable and manageable as
the relationship within the management of the organization and the city will be friendly.
The facility also has the shareholders who are ensuring that the operations and the
activities of the caring facilities are not altered due to lack of enough capital for its
The venture will be privately held where the owner will maintain a 40% ownership;
including there will be other four shareholders who will conduct an equal share of
15%each. The owner of the organization which is offering the caring and health
facilities to the elder within the society are not mostly profit oriented and are mostly
driven by the social relationship with the community rather than the economic
The expenses for starting of Cabramatta elderly Care facility will be as follows:
Business supplies (blankets, towels, sheets
Deposit for supplies
Log of or business and website
Insurance and other policies
The facility is going to offer the residence, food, and other basic needs to the elderly. It is
also going to ensure that there are language specialists who will deal with elderly people
drawn from various backgrounds. The services will also include assistance form education,
laundry services as well as oversight for the elderly for 24 hours a day. Transportable
medication appointments and programs will also be offered in total. Like any other facility in
Australia which is providing the care services to the elderly, they offer different social
services through a wide range of schemes that mostly is aiming at giving older people a
chance to live and enjoy their ancient times. They target to offer the facilities which will
make older adults maintain their independence even at the care facilities.
Furthermore, the organisation is determined to provide the much-needed services of monitoring
and giving support services, which will ensure that the older individuals are enjoying their stay at
the caring facilities. The organisation will be covering social activities like the entertainment of
older adults to ensure that they are not bored. The facility will also provide common ground and
platforms where the elderly will share their experiences with the other older individuals about
their past life during their working periods. The elderly who are not staying at the facilities are
also being visited at their own homes and the medical services being offered to them, and they
even provide decorations services to the elderly who are living at home out of the facility.
Aged care in Australia is a fast-rising field. The aged care facilities have been credited for their
efforts in saving patients who would otherwise be left lonely in their homes by children pursuing
professional challenges additionally; they have been reputed to be offering services that enable
people from different backgrounds to preserve their native languages through hiring language
and literacy consultants specialising in aged care. Home care in Australia is expected to increase
in volume and values over a given period, and this is because many investors have decided to go
into offering caring services to the elderly. The reason for the increase in the home care
investment is due to the substantial discounting which is being given to the management by the
significant and giants supermarkets. This enables them to cut the cost of the expenses for the
In this regard, it is evident that an aging population that is coupled with a prevalence of chronic
diseases and a risk of loss of culture need to be regarded seriously. Over the last five years in
Australian society, it has been found out that the factors mentioned above have contributed to
the annual revenue of 5% (Henderson, Wilis Xiao, & Blackman,2017). It is expected that the tax
will increase to 7% by the year 2022, which will amount to 90 billion dollars.
The key drivers for the Cabramatta elderly Care facility included federal care, Medicare, the
number of aged people who aged 65 years and above, the numbers of people with private
insurance, as well as per capita disposable income.
For a service that intends to include the preservation of native languages, there should be
mastery of a set of critical factors. For instance, the facility and its founding committee will
ensure that it has considered workforce, capital, and its availability, time as well as management
efforts. The primary success factors that will be considered in this facility include extensive
experience in language matters, high-quality services to the elderly, provision of a clean
environment, and care for the elderly as if they are at home.
For the Cabramatta elderly Care facility to be a success, there will be a need effective and
efficient management. A specific team that managing the care facility comprises of five
members who will be selected by each shareholder in Cabramatta elderly Care facility (Bust
et al.,2017). The management of the facility also involves the selected members from the
local community who are connecting the facility management to the older individuals from
different places within the community. The administration also must include the qualified
nurses who will be operating the records of the health conditions of the elders who are
admitted at the facility.
Despite all the costs that will be borne by Cabramatta Ho ...