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THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY
FINAL EXAM (C)
1) Given the exclusive emphasis it places on pleasure, hedonism would seem, by
definition, to be egoistic. Is it?
Hedonism refers to individuals going for that which makes them happy and gives them
pleasure. In most cases, when individuals pursue that which gives them pleasure, they
might do it at the expense of others. Therefore I believe that hedonism is egoistic.
2) Thomas Hurka distinguishes among four different types of pleasure based on what
he calls two “cross-cutting divisions,” one of which concerns whether the pleasure in
question is directed at an object or not. What is the second?
The second “cross cutting division” is in identifying the quality and capacity that is
distinctive to humans. This is known as the distinctive argument.
3) Among the four types of pleasure that Hurka discusses is one that he calls
“pleasure-that.” Eventually, though, he draws a further distinction between two
distinct varieties of that type. What are they?
There are two kinds of pleasures that as according to Hurka. One is pleasures that, which
are localized, while the other one is pleasures that, which are extended. The former
means pleasures happening around and individual, while an example of the later is
pleasures surrounding life.
4) What is the hedonic treadmill?
A hedonic treadmill is the tendency and likelihood of human beings going back to a level
of happiness after significant positive or negative changes in their lives.
5) According to Hurka, the successful exercise of a developed skill will result in w...
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